Famous Events on this Day in History, August 11:

3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Colombian Mesoamerican civilations, notably the Mayans, begins.
2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
480 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - the Persians achieve a naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of Euboea. The Greek fleet holds its own against the Persians in three days of fighting but withdraws southward when news comes of the defeat at Thermopylae.
117 - Hadrianus hears of death of emperor Trajanus of Antioch
355 - Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
1253 - Clara van Assisi leads rules of life in order of Clarissen
1304 - Sea battle of Zierikzee
1492 - Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
1522 - Uprising of adel/burgerij in Austria fails
1597 - Germany throws out English sales people
1611 - Emperor Rudolf forces out king of Bohemia
1674 - 1st Battle of at Seneffe (Louis II Condé vs Willem III)
1695 - English & Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
1718 - Battle at Cape Passaro: English fleet destroys Spanish
1772 - Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
1780 - Barbados hurricane begins
1786 - Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1804 - Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
1835 - George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
1858 - First ascent of the Eiger.
1860 - Nation's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nev)
1863 - Cambodia becomes French protectorate
1866 - World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)
1874 - Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
1877 - Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
1884 - 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust
1885 - $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
1888 - California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
1896 - Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
1904 - German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
1907 - St Louis Card Ed Karger pitches perfect game vs Braves, 4-0 in 7 inn
1909 - Liner "Arapahoe" is 1st ship to use SOS distress call
1909 - SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
1909 - Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
1914 - France declares war on Austria-Hungary
1914 - Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland
1914 - John Wray patents animation
1914 - Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews
1918 - Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans
1919 - Green Bay Packers football club founded
1919 - Weimar Republic begins in Germany
1920 - 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
1923 - Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
1924 - 1st newsreel pictures of presidential candidates were taken
1924 - US presidential candidates make 1st film for bio-scoop news
1926 - Cleve Indian Tris Speaker hits his 700th double
1928 - Carl Hubbell's 1st major league victory is a 4-0 shutout of Phils
1928 - Georges Ronsse becomes world champion cyclists
1929 - Babe Ruth becomes 1st to hit 500 homers (off Willis Hudlin of Cleve)
1929 - Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
1929 - Russian-Chinese border fights
1933 - Temp reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mex (world record)
1934 - 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
1935 - Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
1936 - Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
1939 - Sergei Rachmaninovs last appearance in Europe
1940 - 38 German aircrafts shot down above England
1940 - German air raid on British harbors Portland/Weymouth
1942 - - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
1942 - 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
1942 - British aircraft carrier Eagle torpedoed & sinks
1942 - Lt-gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
1943 - Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
1943 - Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres
1943 - US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
1944 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
1944 - French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
1944 - Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
1944 - US air raid on Palembang
1945 - Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
1948 - Summer Olympics opens in London
1949 - 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
1949 - Gaston Eyskens forms Belgiangovt
1950 - 17th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 17, Philadelphia 7 (88,885)
1950 - Boston Brave Vern Bickford no-hits Bkln Dodger, 7-0
1950 - Hitting just .279, Yank great Joe DiMaggio is benched for 1st time
1950 - King Boudouin I takes oath as royal prince of Belgium
1951 - 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi R in Ks, Okla, Mo & Ill
1951 - 1st color baseball game (Braves vs Dodgers) telecast (WCBS-NYC)
1951 - NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 38-6 in Ottawa
1951 - NY Giants lose to go 13½ games behind Bkln Dodgers, later win pennant
1952 - Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
1954 - BC Lions plays its 1st CF game, they lose to Montreal Alouettes, 22-0
1954 - Formal peace takes place, ending 7+ yrs of fighting in Indochina between French & Communist Vietminh
1955 - Indonesia govt of Harahap forms
1956 - 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
1956 - Elvis Presley releases "Don't Be Cruel"
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA All-American Golf Open
1957 - Paul Hindemith' opera "Harmonie der Welt," premieres in Munich
1960 - Chad declares Independence from France
1960 - French colony of Chad became independent
1961 - Warren Spahn records victory #300, beats Cubs 2-1
1962 - Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes 3rd Russian in space aboard Vostok 3
1962 - Beach Boys release "Surfin' Safari"
1962 - Bolotnikov runs world record 10km (28:18.2)
1962 - Dodgers protest wetting down of Candlestick to slow Maury Wills down
1963 - Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Waterloo Women's Golf Open Invitational
1964 - Beatles' "A Hard Days Night" opens in NYC
1964 - Race riot in Paterson NJ
1965 - 6 day insurrection starts in Watts section of Los Angeles
1965 - Beatles movie "Help" opens in NYC
1965 - Watts riots begin in Southeast LA, lasts 6 days
1966 - Last Beatle concert tour of US begins
1967 - Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches
1968 - Beatles launch "Apple Records" label
1968 - Satchel Paige, 62, & needing 158 days on a major league payroll to qualify for a pension, is signed by Braves
1968 - The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Rail steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and returns to Liverpool before having their fires dropped for the last time - this working was known as the Fifteen Guinea Special.
1969 - Don Drysdale retires because of damage to his right shoulder
1969 - Pitts Steelers beat NY Giants 17-13 in Montreal (NFL expo)
1970 - Jim Bunning becomes 2nd (Cy Young) to win 100 games in both leagues
1970 - Tony Perez becomes 1st to hit a HR in red seats at Riverfront
1971 - Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
1971 - Harmon Killebrew hits HRs #500 & 501
1972 - "Cheech & Chong Day" in San Antonio Texas
1974 - 56th PGA Championship: Lee Trevino shoots a 276 at Tanglewood NC
1974 - Coup in East-Timor under UDT
1974 - Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
1975 - Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game
1975 - US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN
1976 - Keith Moon, drummer for Who, collapses & is hospitalized in Miami
1976 - Race riot in Cape Town, South Africa; 17 die
1977 - Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley
1978 - Funeral of Pope Paul VI
1978 - Legionnaire's disease bacteria isolated in Atlanta
1979 - 28°F in Embarrass Minnesota
1979 - Phillies Tug McGraw gives up record 4th grand slam of year
1980 - Angola revises its constitution
1980 - Mohammed Ali Radjai appointed premier of Iran
1980 - Yanks Reggie Jackson hits his 400th HR off Chicago's Britt Burns
1982 - Twins Terry Felton loses & runs career to 0-14 (en route to 0-16)
1982 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - 101,799 fans at soccer match Brazil vs France
1984 - Carl Lewis duplicates Jesse Owens' 1936 feat, wins 4 Olym track golds
1984 - Cincinnati Reds retire Johnny Bench's #5 uniform
1984 - During a radio voice test Pres Reagan joked he "signed legislation that would outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in 5 minutes"
1984 - Men's choir Maranatha Netherlands forms
1984 - USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
1985 - "Tap Dance Kid" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 669 perfs
1985 - 67th PGA Championship: Hubert Green shoots 278 at Cherry Hills Denver
1985 - Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz
1985 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1985 - Rudolf Povarnitsin of USSR sets new high jump world record (7'10"12)
1986 - 68th PGA Championship: Bob Tway shoots a 276 at Inverness Club Toledo
1987 - France & Great-Britain send minesweepers to Persian Gulf
1988 - 225 at bats after #299, Met Gary Carter is 59th to hit 300th HR
1988 - Charlotte Colisieum in Charlotte NC opens
1988 - Meir Kahane renounced US citizenship to stay in Israeli Parliament
1988 - Al-Qaeda formed
1989 - "Nightmare on Elm Street 5: Dream Child" premieres
1989 - Geoff Marsh & Mark Taylor complete 329 opening stand v England
1989 - Voyager 2 discovers 2 partial rings of Neptune
1990 - Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
1990 - NY Yankee Kevin Maas is fastest to get 13 HRs (110 at bats)
1991 - 400,000 demonstrate for democracy in Madagascar, 31 killed
1991 - 73rd PGA Championship: John Daly shoots a 276 at Crooked Stick Ind
1991 - Melissa Mcnamara wins Stratton Mountain LPGA Golf Classic
1991 - Shite Moslems release US hostage Edward Tracy
1991 - Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) lands
1991 - Wilson Alvarez hurls a no-hitter in his 1st big league start
1992 - Oakland A's rip Jose Canseco for leaving stadium before end of game
1993 - Director Oliver Stone files for divorce from Elizabeth
1993 - NY Islander Brian Mullen, 31, suffers a mild stroke
1993 - Pope John Paul II visits Mexico
1993 - Red Sox Roger Clemens pitches 2,000th strike out (Danny Tartabul-NY)
1994 - Joao B "Nino" Vieira elected pres of Guinee-Bissau
1996 - "Thousand Clowns," closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 32 performs
1996 - 78th PGA Championship: Mark Brooks shoots a 277 at Vallhalla GC KY
1996 - Emilee Klein wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship
1997 - Benin legalizes Jan 10th as a voodoo holiday
1999 - Total solar eclipse in India-North -France (2m23s)
1999 - The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
2003 - Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
2003 - A heat wave in Paris results in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.
2003 - NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
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