Famous Events on this Day in History, August 05:135 - Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome
642 - Battle of Maserfield - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia.
910 - The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
1071 - Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured/Islam advances through Europe
1100 - Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1264 - Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany
1305 - William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
1388 - Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
1391 - Castilian sailors fire attack Jewish ghetto of Barcelona, 100's killed
1391 - Jews are massacred in Toledo & Barcelona Spain
1399 - Battle at Worskla: Tataren beat Russians & Litouwers
1420 - Duke John VI of Bavaria visits "Christ's bride"/virgin Liduina
1435 - Battle at Ponza: king Alfonso V of Aragon captured by Genuezen
1543 - French & Turkish troops occupy Nice
1583 - Gilbert claims Newfoundland (1st English colony in North America)
1587 - Spanish troops conquer Lock
1654 - French troops occupy Stenay
1666 - English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel the Ruyter
1667 - State of Holland obtain Eternal Edict
1689 - 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France.
1716 - Battle at Peterwardein: Eugenius van Savoye beats Turks
1716 - The Battle of Petrovaradin takes place.
1745 - Skirmish at Laggan: Glengarry beats Royal Scots
1763 - Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
1772 - 1st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia
1775 - 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
1781 - Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet
1812 - War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.
1837 - 1st ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
1846 - Oregon country divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel
1858 - Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
1860 - Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
1861 - Enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
1861 - Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
1861 - US Army abolishes flogging
1861 - US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
1862 - Battle of Baton Rouge, LA
1864 - Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of vice-admiral
1864 - Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
1874 - Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
1877 - Henry Morton Stanley's letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo
1882 - Martial law is imposed in Japan.
1882 - Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
1884 - Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC)
1890 - British & French accord to divide African colonization
1891 - 1st travelers checks issued (American Express)
1901 - Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4"
1912 - Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
1914 - 1st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland)
1914 - Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
1914 - Dutch Cort Van de Linden govt issues silver bonds as money
1914 - Massive German assault on forts around Luik
1914 - Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
1914 - US beats Australia, 3-2, to win Davis Cup
1914 - US, Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
1914 - Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
1915 - German troops over run Warsaw
1915 - Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
1917 - British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium
1921 - 1st radio baseball broadcast Pirates-8, Phillies-0 (KDKA, Pitts)
1921 - Treaty of Berlin: US & Germany sign separate peace treaty
1923 - 1st American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
1924 - Comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," by Harold Gray, debuts
1925 - Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.
1926 - 1st talkie movie "Don Juan" at Warner Theatre, NY
1926 - French & German trade agreement signed
1926 - Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs
1927 - Phillies Cy Williams hits for cycle in just 4 at bats
1931 - Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
1936 - At Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his 3rd Olympic medal
1937 - Ranger (US) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
1938 - 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (3-2)
1940 - "Acquaintance" blows-up Zandvoortse synagouge
1940 - St Louis Brown John Whitehead no-hits Detroit Tigers, 4-0 in 6 innings
1942 - British govt cancels agreement of Munich
1942 - German troops cross Kuban River
1943 - Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarter
1943 - Soviet forces reconquer Orel & Bjelgorod
1943 - World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky.
1944 - US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
1944 - US troops occupy Vannes Bretagne
1945 - Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
1947 - Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
1948 - Cleveland Indians set club record for most double plays in a game (6)
1949 - 6.75 Earthquake hits Quito; about 6000 die
1950 - Ezzard Charles KOs Freddie Beshore to retain HW boxing title
1950 - Florence Chadwick swims English Canal (13:23)
1951 - Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg
1953 - Operation "Big Switch" Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
1954 - Boxing Hall of Fame's 1st election selects 24 modern & 15 pioneers
1954 - Patty Berg wins LPGA World Golf Championshio
1955 - After playing 274 straight games at 2nd base, Nellie Fox is given a day off he comes back next 798 consecutive games
1956 - KUAM TV channel 8 in Agana, GU (CBS/ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA All American Golf Open
1956 - WCYB TV channel 5 in Bristol-Kingsport, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - "American Bandstand," begins network TV (ABC)
1957 - Comic strip "Andy Capp" made its debut
1957 - WJZ-TV in Baltimore MD begins radio transmissions
1957 - Bkln Sports Authority gets an engineering report on 50,000-seat stadium in downtown area for estimated $207 million
1958 - Atomic sub USS Nautilus completes 1st trip under North Pole
1958 - Philip Kapleau, Zen teacher, 1st awakening under Yasutani Roshi
1959 - 42.4 cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record)
1959 - Chic Cardinals (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 55-26 in Toronto
1960 - Burkina (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
1960 - Detroit trades mgr Jimmy Dykes for Cleve's mgr Joe Gordon
1961 - 118°F (48°C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record)
1961 - Chic Bears (NFL) beat Mont Alouettes (CFL) 34-16 in Montreal
1962 - 1st quasar located by radio
1962 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
1962 - Nelson Mandela arrested for incitement & illeagally leaving S Afr
1962 - UN command forbids flights to Katangese airports
1963 - Britain, US & USSR sign nuclear test ban treaty
1963 - Craig Breedlove sets world auto speed record at 407.45 MPH
1963 - US, USSR & Great Britain agree to discuss banning nuclear testing
1964 - Actress Anne Bancroft & comedian Mel Brooks wed
1964 - Beatles record "Leave My Kitten Alone"
1964 - Congo rebellion: Christopher Gbenye/Pierre Mulele conquer Stanleyville
1964 - Ford Frick says he will not run for another term as commissioner
1964 - US begins bombing North Vietnam
1965 - Dave Marr wins PGA title
1966 - 33rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 38, All-Stars 0 (72,000)
1966 - Beatle John Lennon says Beatles are more popular than Jesus
1966 - Beatles' "Revolver" album is released
1966 - Jose Torres beats Eddie Cotton to retain light-HW boxing title
1966 - Martin Luther King Jr stoned during Chicago march
1966 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1966 - Beatles release "Revolver" album in US
1966 - Beatles release "Yellow Submarine" & "Eleanor Rigby" in UK
1967 - 1st time an AFL team beats an NFL team, Broncos beats Detroit 13-7
1967 - Bobby Gentry releases her only hit "Ode to Billy Joe"
1967 - Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) & Radio London close down
1968 - WMCV (now WZTV) TV channel 17 in Nashville, TN (IND) 1st broadcast
1969 - Mariner 7 flies past Mars
1969 - Pirate Willie Stargell is 1st to hit a ball out of Dodger Stadium
1970 - Robert Morley's "How the Other Half Loves," premieres in London
1970 - US Black Panther leader Huey Newton let out of jail
1971 - WNPE TV channel 16 in Watertown, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - Moody Blues release "Nights in White Satin"
1972 - Uganda president Idi Amin throws out all 80,000 Asians
1972 - Detroit shortstop Ed Brinkman errors ends record streak of 72 games & 331 total chances without a miscue
1973 - Arab terrorists open fire at Athens airport, kills 3 injures 55
1973 - Atlanta Braves Phil Niekro no-hits SD Padres, 9-0
1973 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Pabst Ladies Golf Classic
1973 - USSR launches Mars 6
1974 - Joan Jett forms her rock group Runaways
1974 - Pres Nixon admits he withheld information about Watergate break-in
1975 - Phillies 1st 8 batters get hits for a record, beat Cubs 13-5
1975 - Stevie Wonder signs $13M contract with Motown
1978 - New Orlean Saints beat Phil Eagles 14-7 in Mexico City (NFL expo)
1979 - "But Never Jam Today" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 7 perfs
1979 - Government of Mauretania signs peace treaty with Polisario
1979 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Colgate European Golf Open
1979 - Phillies Pete Rose collects NL record 2,427th career single
1979 - Varetta Shankle (Miss), crowned 12th Miss Black America
1979 - Willie Mays, Warren Giles, & Hack Wilson inducted in Hall of Fame
1980 - Expos Dick Williams wins his 1,000th career game as a manager
1980 - NY Met Doug Flynn ties record of 3 triples in a game
1981 - Federal govt began firing striking air traffic controllers
1981 - Pres Regan fires 11,500 air traffic controllers who struck 2 days ago
1981 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - Stephabue Hix, of Alabama, 18, crowned Miss National Teen-Ager
1982 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - Alice Miller wins West Virginia LPGA Golf Classic
1984 - Joan Benoit (US) wins 1st Olympic marathon for women (2:24:52)
1984 - Lou Pinella Day at Yankee Stadium
1984 - Toronto's Cliff Johnson hits record 19th career pinch HR
1985 - Baseball players go on strike for 2 days
1985 - Establishment of a Rock & Roll Hall of Fame is announced
1985 - Flexible-wing glider altitude record (214,250') set by Larry Tudor
1986 - Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 5k woman's record (14:37.33)
1986 - Steve Carlton is 2nd to pitch 4,000 strikeout
1986 - US Senate votes for SDI-project (Star Wars)
1986 - It's revealed Andrew Wyeth had, secretly created 240 drawings & paintings of his neighbor Helga Testorf, in Chadds Ford, Pa
1988 - Mario Biaggi (Rep-D-NY) convicted of racketeering resigns seat
1989 - General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista Front winning a majority.
1990 - Barb Mucha wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1990 - Jim Palmer & Joe Morgan inducted into hall of fame
1991 - Sergei Bubka of USSR sets pole vault world record (6.10m) in Malmö Sweden
1992 - 4 cops in Rodney King beating case indicted on civil rights charge
1994 - Antonov-12 crash down at Boda, East-Siberia, 47 killed
1994 - Rocker Billy Idol admitted to the hospital after drug overdose
1995 - The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.
1996 - Dallas Cowboys play KC Chiefs in Monterrey Mexico
1997 - Korean Air 747 with 331 aboard crashes in Guam, 29 survive
1997 - Ramzi Yousef, mastermind of world trade center bombing goes on trial
1997 - Soyuz TM-26 crew of Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov, launched
2003 - A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.