Famous Events on this Day in History, August 02:

338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
216 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae - The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
257 - St Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1057 - Frederik van Lotharingen elected as 1st Belgium, Pope Stephen IX [X]
1492 - Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella
1542 - French troops leave Flanders
1552 - Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion
1578 - Battle of Rijmenam
1581 - Leiden University names Snellius math professor
1610 - Henry Hudson enters bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay
1665 - French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis/Algiers
1704 - Duke of Marlborough beats French & Bavarians at Blenheim
1718 - Austrian joins Triple Alliance
1738 - France offers emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey
1776 - Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
1782 - George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction
1786 - Utrechtse Vroedschap flees
1787 - Horace the Saussure reaches top of Mont Blanc
1790 - The first US Census is conducted.
1791 - Samuel Briggs & his son, patent nail-making machine
1798 - British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile
1802 - Napoleon declared "Counsel for Life"
1819 - 1st parachute jump in US
1831 - Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
1832 - 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac & Fox indians, end Black Hawk War
1832 - Black Hawk defeated (IA)
1832 - Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc
1858 - 1st mailboxes installed in Boston & NYC streets
1858 - Govt of India transferred from East India Company to Crown
1861 - Skirmish at Dug Springs, MI
1864 - 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
1865 - Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"
1865 - Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps & is lost
1870 - Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
1873 - 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones
1875 - 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
1877 - SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
1884 - Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent
1887 - Rowell Hodge patents barbed wire
1892 - Charles A Wheeler patents a prototype of the escalator
1894 - Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
1894 - Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
1903 - Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
1906 - Chicago White Sox begin AL record 19 game win streak
1907 - Walter Johnson, 19, debuts with Washington & loses 3-2 to Detroit
1909 - 1st Lincoln head pennies minted
1909 - Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
1911 - Haiti's dictator Simon flees on US warship near Jamaica
1912 - 18th US Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY
1914 - Belgian govt receives German ultimatum
1914 - German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
1914 - German troops overthrows Luxembourg
1914 - Germany & Turkey signs secret treaty
1914 - Great Britain mobilizes
1914 - Postdam Conference ended
1914 - Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
1914 - Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place
1916 - World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
1918 - Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
1920 - Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC
1921 - Chicago jury brings in not guilty verdict against the Black Sox
1922 - China, hit by a typhoon; about 60,000 die
1924 - Joe Hauser sets record of 14 total bases in a game
1928 - Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1929 - Phillies Don Hurst sets NL record of 6 consecutive games with a HR
1931 - Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
1932 - Charlie Grimm replaces Roger Hornsby as manager of Chic Cubs
1932 - The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
1934 - 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it
1934 - Adolph Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of Germany
1934 - William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
1937 - The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
1938 - 1st test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals)
1939 - Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers
1940 - Clermont-Ferrand sentences Gen Charles de Gaulle to death
1940 - KL-House of saxon & commandos focus on Gross Rosen, Silesia
1941 - German 11st Army surrounds 20 Russian divisions at Oeman
1941 - Hungarian Ruthenia, expels Jews
1941 - Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
1942 - 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
1942 - Col-Gen Hoth' Pantser army reaches Kotelnikovo
1943 - Armed revolt breaks out in Treblinka
1943 - Lt John F Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands
1943 - RAF bombs Hamburg
1943 - Sunderland seaplanes sinks U-706 & U-106
1943 - Uprising at Treblinka Concentration Camp (crematorium destroyed)
1944 - Amsterdam soccer team "The Volewijckers" plays in orange shirts
1944 - Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
1944 - Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
1945 - Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman & Churchill
1953 - Betty Jack Davis, singer (w/Skeeter Davis), killed in car crash
1953 - KCPQ TV channel 13 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins broadcasting
1954 - Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
1955 - USSR performs nuclear test
1958 - Jordan & Iraq disolve their Arab Federation, after 3 months
1959 - 41st PGA Championship: Bob Rosburg shoots a 277 at Minneapolis GC
1959 - Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples
1959 - SF Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits 1st of his 521 HRs
1961 - Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool's Cavern Club
1961 - Cyrille Adula becomes premier of Congo
1961 - St Louis Cards (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in Toronto
1962 - NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m
1963 - 30th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 20, Green Bay 17 (65,000)
1964 - Dutch government gives Indonesia export guarantees
1964 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Milwaukee Jaycee Golf Open
1964 - North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin
1964 - Race riot in Jersey City NJ
1965 - Morley Safer's sends 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing
1966 - Radio Vila (New Hebrides) begins transmitting
1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season game, they lose to LA Rams 16-77
1967 - US's Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5
1967 - The second Blackwall Tunnel opens in Greenwich, London.
1968 - 35th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 34, All-Stars 17 (69,917)
1969 - Bob Dylan makes surprise appearance at Hibbing HS Minn 10th reunion
1969 - Pres Nixon visits Romania
1970 - Baltimore defeats KC 10-8, Orioles 23rd straight win over the Royals
1970 - France performs nuclear test at Fangataufa Island
1970 - Songwriter Sammy Cahn marries Tita Curtis in Calif
1972 - Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London
1973 - George Brett gets his 1st hit
1975 - 104°F (40°C) at Providence, Rhode Island (state record)
1975 - 107°F (42°C) at Chester/New Bedford, Massachusetts (state record)
1979 - "Broadway Opry '79" closes at St James Theater NYC after 6 perfs
1979 - Gilda Radner Live From New York opens on Broadway
1980 - Fascist bomb attack on Bologna Italy train station, 86 killed
1980 - US swimmers set 3 world records at National championships
1981 - Australia set 151 to win, all out 121, Botham 5-11 in 14 overs
1981 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1982 - Oakland's Rickey Henderson steals his 100th base of the season
1982 - Roger Ebert's Movie News premieres on ABC FM network
1983 - STS-8 vehicle moves to launch pad
1983 - US District Court begins trying Yonkers accuse of race discrimination
1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1985 - 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo
1985 - Delta Lockheed L-1011 crashes at Dallas-Ft Worth Airport, 137 die
1985 - NASA launches space vehicle S-209
1986 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee (US) sets record for heptathlon (7161 pts)
1986 - TODAY/PC born today
1987 - 25th Tennis Fed Cup: Germany beats USA in Vancouver Canada (2-1)
1987 - Chris Johnson wins Columbia Savings LPGA National Golf Pro-Am
1987 - Cin Red Eric Davis becomes 7th & earliest 30 HR 30 steal man
1987 - Don Brown sets flight record for handbow (1,336 yds 1'3")
1987 - Eric Davis is 7th to hit 30 HRs & steal 30 bases in one season
1987 - Kevin Seitzer (KC Royals), gets 6 hits in one baseball game
1987 - Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH)
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1988 - Raymond Acevedo is retired from singing group Menudo
1988 - System Enhancement Assoc settles case with PKware (ARC vs PKARC)
1989 - NASA confirmed Voyager 2's discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24
1990 - Iraq invades & occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia
1990 - Yankees rookie Kevin Maas hits his 10th home run in just 77 at bats
1991 - Funk singer Rick James, arrested on sexual torture charges
1991 - Hedy Lamaar is arrested for shoplifting in LA
1991 - Mike Jeffcoat is 1st AL pitcher to get an RBI since 1972
1991 - Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) launched
1992 - "Death & the Maiden" closes at Brooks Atkinson NYC after 159 perfs
1992 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Welch's Golf Classic
1992 - Kevin Bacon marries Kyra Sedgwick
1992 - Tom Seaver, R Fingers, Hal Newhouser, & B McGowan enter Hall of Fame
1993 - NYC radio (WFAN) personality Don Imus' lung collapes
1993 - Peter Angelos & William DeWitt purchase Orioles
1993 - Train crash in tunnel at Vega de Anzo Spain, 12 killed
1993 - Shamrock Broadcasting, a Disney company, officially takes ownership of Cleveland's WMMS-FM/100.7 & WHK-AM/1420
1994 - Congressional hearings begin on White Water
1994 - Explosion in lead/zinc mine in Guangxi China, 120+ killed
1994 - NY Supreme Court refuses Howard Stern's non financial disclosure
1994 - Noureddine Morceli runs world record 3000m (7:25.11)
1998 - 26th du Maurier Golf Classic
1998 - 30th Curtis Cup: US wins 10-8 at The Minikahda Club (Minneapolis, Minnesota, US)
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