Famous Events on this Day in History, July 28:

388 - Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
754 - Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
1148 - Crusaders attack Damascus
1402 - Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur Lenk beats sultan Bajezid I
1434 - Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
1540 - English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife
1579 - Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
1586 - Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe
1586 - The first potato arrives in Britain.
1588 - Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I
1609 - Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
1635 - Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
1683 - Anne Stuart marries prince Georges of Denmark
1696 - De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
1708 - Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
1717 - Prussian king Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
1741 - Capt Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska
1742 - Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
1808 - Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
1821 - Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
1830 - Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe
1849 - Memmon is 1st clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of NY
1851 - Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
1858 - 1st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by
1858 - Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
1858 - William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
1862 - Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
1864 - Battle of Atlanta GA (Ezra Church)-second sortie US700 CS4642
1866 - Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
1868 - 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
1882 - Opera "Parsifal" is produced (Beirut)
1883 - Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
1886 - English Salisbury govt forms
1896 - City of Miami incorporated
1898 - Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
1898 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
1900 - Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
1906 - Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
1911 - 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt Netherlands
1913 - 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
1914 - Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
1914 - Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow
1914 - World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
1915 - 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting lynchings
1915 - US forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924
1917 - Silent Parade in NYC to protest murders of blacks in race riots
1919 - Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
1926 - US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
1928 - 9th Olympic Games open in Amsterdam
1929 - Chicago Cardinals become 1st NFL team to train out of state (Mich)
1930 - 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)
1931 - Congress makes "Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd national anthem
1931 - White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12
1932 - Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die
1932 - Pres Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment
1933 - 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC
1933 - NFL divides into (2) 5 team divisions
1933 - Spain recognizes the USSR
1934 - 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
1935 - Belgium's Romain Maes, wins Tour de France
1937 - Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
1937 - Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
1938 - 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
1938 - Bradman scores 202 Aust v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours
1939 - 5th Dutch govt of Colijn falls
1940 - Radio Orange, London begins
1940 - Yankee Charlie Keller hits 3 HRs to beat White Sox 10-9
1942 - Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
1942 - Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
1943 - Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns
1943 - Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US
1943 - World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
1944 - Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
1944 - US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
1945 - Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
1945 - US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
1945 - US Senate ratifies UN charter 89-2
1947 - Iuliu Maniu's Boer party becomes forbidden in Romania
1948 - I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
1948 - The Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
1951 - "Kiss Me, Kate" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 1077 perfs
1951 - Walt Disney's "Alice In Wonderland" released
1952 - Rogers Hornsby replaces Luke Sewell, as Cincinnati Reds manager
1954 - Ernest Blochs 4th string quartet, premieres
1955 - The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance (Steve Allen Show)
1957 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Wolverine Golf Open
1957 - White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game
1957 - Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kill 992.
1958 - Baltimore Colts wins NFL-championship
1959 - Great-Britain starts using postal codes
1959 - Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
1960 - Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
1962 - 19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa
1962 - Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Wolverine Golf Open
1964 - England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
1964 - Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures
1965 - LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)
1967 - Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
1971 - 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
1971 - Dutch ends censorship of "Blue Movie"
1972 - 39th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Dallas 20, All Stars 7 (54,162)
1973 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1973 - Jane Blalock/Sandra Palmer wins Lady Angelo's 4-Ball Golf Tournament
1973 - Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched
1974 - 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil)
1974 - Carole Jo Skala wins LPGA Wheeling Ladies Golf Classic
1976 - 242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake
1976 - 8.2 & 7.4 earthquake devastate Tangsha, China (240-750,000 die)
1976 - Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
1976 - White Sox John Odom (5 inn) & Francisco Barrios (4 inn) no-hits A's
1977 - 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
1977 - Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks
1977 - Test Cricket debut of Ian Botham v Aust Trent Bridge, 5-74 1st innings
1978 - 600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY
1978 - At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
1978 - Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
1978 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1979 - Dave Kingman becomes 6th to have a 2nd 3 HR game
1979 - France performs nuclear Test
1980 - Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
1983 - AL Pres Lee MacPhail threw out umpire's decision & allows
1983 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 - George Brett's 2 run HR against Yanks on July 24 (pine tar game)
1983 - NASA launches Telstar-3A
1984 - 23rd modern Olympic games opens in Los Angeles
1985 - 13th du Maurier Golf Classic: Pat Bradley
1985 - Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
1985 - L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame
1986 - Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed
1986 - NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated
1987 - 42nd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Laura Davies
1987 - Angel Cordero Jr becomes 4th jockey to win 6,000 races
1988 - IBM announces price hike on older models
1988 - Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years
1988 - Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank
1988 - Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa destroyed by arson
1988 - Yanks' Tommy John makes 3 errors on 1 play yet beats Brewers 16-3
1989 - Braves Dale Murphy, hits 2 3-run HRs in an inning, 14th man to hit 2 HRs in an inning. Also ties record of 6 RBIs in an inning
1989 - Cards' Vince Coleman is caught stealing ends record streak at 50
1989 - NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleve, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz
1990 - Alberto Fujimoro installed as president of Peru
1990 - Blackout hits Chicago
1991 - "Gypsy" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 105 performances
1991 - 12th US Seniors Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus
1991 - 29th Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Nottingham England (2-1)
1991 - Buffalo Bills beat Phila Eagles, 17-13 in American Bowl in Wembley
1991 - Dennis Martinez pitches the 13th perfect game in baseball history
1991 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Bay State Golf Classic
1991 - Miguel Indurain of Spain wins Tour de France bicycle race
1992 - Ground breaking of Fla Marlins 7,500 seat spring training stadium
1993 - Mariner Ken Griffey Jr is 3rd to hit HRs in 8 straight games
1994 - Baseball players decide to strike on Aug 12, 1994
1994 - Last steel beam is placed on Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
1994 - Texas Ranger Kenny Rogers pitches baseball's 14th perfect game
1995 - Art Modell's rep begins secrets talks to move team to Baltimore
1996 - NY Yankee Darryl Strawberry hits his 300th HR
1996 - Vicki Fergon wins LPGA Micelob Light Heartland Golf Classic
1996 - Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, is discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
1997 - NY Ranger center Mark Messier signs with Vancouver for $20M for 3 yrs
1997 - Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion
1997 - Guatemala becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
2002 - Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.
2005 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
2005 - A tornado touches down in a residential area in south Birmingham, England, causing £4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people.
2008 - The historic Weston-super-Mare Grand Pier burns down for a second time in 80 years.
2061 - 31st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
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