Famous Events on this Day in History, July 27:

432 - St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1214 - 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philips II vs Emperor Otto IV
1230 - Treaty of San-Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX
1280 - Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple arrives in Japan from China
1298 - Albert I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned Holy Roman Emperor
1298 - Roman Catholics German King Albrecht I von Habsburg installed
1360 - Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby Gotland
1365 - Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor
1501 - Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral
1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reached Japan.
1563 - French army recaptures Le Havre
1586 - Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
1641 - Prince Frederik Henry captures castle of Gennep
1643 - Cromwell defeats Royalist at Battle of Gainsborough
1655 - Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
1655 - Netherlands & Brandenburg sign military treaty
1661 - Parliament confirms Navigation Act
1663 - English parliament accepts Staple Act
1689 - Battle of Killicrankie, Viscount Dundee defeats Whig General MacKay
1689 - Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie
1694 - Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
1713 - Russia & Turkey sign peace treaty
1714 - Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet
1714 - English Queen Anne fires premier Robert Haley
1720 - The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam.
1789 - Congress establishes Dept of Foreign Affairs (State dept)
1794 - Coup of thermidor/fall of Robespierre in Paris
1795 - Spain & France sign peace treaty
1809 - Battle at Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
1816 - US troops destroy Ft Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
1830 - Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
1836 - Adelaide, South Australia founded
1837 - US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC
1839 - Chartist riots break out in Birmingham England
1844 - Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, NC
1861 - Battle of Mathias Point, VA - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
1861 - Battle of St Augustine Springs, NM Terr
1861 - Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico
1861 - Union Gen George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potamic Army
1862 - Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
1862 - Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
1864 - Battle of Darbytown, VA (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
1865 - Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
1866 - Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
1880 - A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
1880 - Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
1888 - Philip Pratt unveils 1st electric automobile
1891 - Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as gov of Suriname
1897 - 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
1897 - Dutch govt of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
1898 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men" (BG)
1909 - Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s
1913 - Belgian Philippe Thys wins Tour de France
1914 - Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
1914 - Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
1917 - The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.
1918 - Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
1919 - Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
1920 - Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
1920 - Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
1921 - 2nd govt of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
1921 - Frederick Banting & Charles Best isolates insulin at U of Toronto
1922 - International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
1924 - 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
1927 - Major Bernard Montgomery (29) marries widow Betty Carver
1927 - Mel Ott, 18, hits his 1st league home run (inside the park)
1928 - AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
1928 - Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July.
1929 - Dike of Wieringermeerpolder finished
1930 - Andre Leducq wins Tour de France
1931 - Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
1931 - Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
1932 - Paul Gorgoulov, French president Doumer's assassin, sentenced to death
1934 - French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
1935 - Floods at Yangtzee Jiang & Hoangh, kills 200,000
1937 - 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
1940 - Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
1940 - Bugs Bunny debuts in "Wild Hare"
1941 - 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
1941 - German army enters Ukraine
1941 - Japanese forces land in Indo-China
1943 - 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
1944 - 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
1944 - Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
1944 - US regains possession of Guam from Japanese
1944 - US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy
1945 - Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
1945 - US Communist Party forms
1946 - Boston Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game, gets 10 RBIs
1947 - Yogi Berri starts record 148 game errorless streak
1948 - Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
1948 - Bradman's 29th & last Test Cricket century, part of winning 3-404
1948 - Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
1949 - 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
1950 - Pres Truman promises aid to Taiwan
1952 - Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record marathon (2:23:03.2)
1953 - 1st insulin isolated by F Banting & C Best in Toronto
1953 - North Korea & UN sign armistice
1953 - Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
1953 - Dizzy Dean, Al Simmons Chief Bender, Bobby Wallace, Harry Wright, Ed Barrow, & Bill Klem & Tom Connolly are inducted into Hall of Fame
1954 - 36th PGA Championship: Chick Herbert at Keller GC St Paul Minn
1954 - Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
1955 - Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation
1955 - Bulgaria shoots down a plane heading for Israel (58 die)
1955 - Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
1956 - Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester
1957 - St James' Theater in London closes
1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA French Lick Golf Open
1959 - Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
1959 - William Shea announces he plans to have a baseball team in NYC in 1961
1960 - VP Nixon nominated for pres at Republican convention in Chicago
1962 - Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission
1962 - Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia
1962 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - Fritz Von Erich beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1963 - General Amin al-Hafez becomes president of Syria
1965 - Pierre Harmel forms Belgium govt
1965 - Pres Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking
1967 - Arabs Federation premier Hoesein Al Bayoomi resigns
1967 - Helmond Sport soccer team forms
1967 - LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence
1967 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Supertest Canadian Golf Open
1968 - Race Riot in Gary Indiana
1969 - 15th LPGA Championship won by Betsy Rawls
1969 - Pioneer 10 launched
1970 - Expos beat White Sox 10-6 in the annual Hall of Fame game
1970 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1970 - L Boudreau, Earle Combs, Ford Frick, & Jesse Haines enter Hall of Fame
1972 - NHL star Maurice "Rocket" Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques
1972 - The F-15 Eagle flies for the first time.
1973 - 40th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Miami 14, All Stars 3 (54,103)
1973 - Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners
1974 - House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment
1974 - Kanhai & Jameson add 465 for 2nd wicket, Warwickshire v Gloucs
1975 - Carol Mann wins LPGA George Washington Ladies Golf Classic
1976 - 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese
1976 - Japanese ex-premier Tanaka arrested (Lockheed Affair)
1977 - John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US
1978 - Indians Duane Kuiper is 3rd to hit 2 bases-loaded triples (vs Yanks)
1978 - Portuguese pres Eanes fires premier Soares
1979 - "Broadway Opry '79" opens at St James Theater NYC for 6 performances
1979 - France performs nuclear Test
1980 - Palestinian throws hand grenade on Jewish children in Antwerp, 1 dead
1980 - Sally Little wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic
1981 - British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, proving to be a national event with massive viewer numbers
1982 - Calif catches A's Rickey Henderson stealing 3 times
1982 - Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years
1982 - Menken & Ashman's musical "Little Shop of Horrors," premieres in NYC
1983 - 104°F (40.3°C) in Garmersdorf (German record)
1983 - Gaylord Perry joins Nolan Ryan & Steve Carlton to reach 3,500 career strikeouts this season, he also wins his 1st game as a Royal
1984 - Reds' Pete Rose collects record 3,053rd career single (vs Phila)
1986 - 14th du Maurier Golf Classic: Pat Bradley
1986 - 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)
1986 - Greg Lemond is 1st American to win Tour de France
1987 - John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi "Ivan the Terrible" testifies in Israel
1987 - Salt Lake City Trappers lose 7-5 to Billings Mustangs, ending their professional-record winning streak at 29 consecutive
1987 - First expedited salvaging of Titanic wreckage begins by RMS Titanic, Inc.
1988 - Boston's worst traffic jam in 30 years
1988 - General Sein Lwin succeeds Ne Win as pres of Burma
1988 - Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL computer
1988 - Tommy John commits rec 3 errors on 1 play as Yanks rout Brewers 16-3
1989 - Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
1990 - Graham Gooch scores 333 v India at Lord's
1990 - Tom Moody scores 100 in 26 mins in county cricket, world record
1990 - White-Russia declares independence
1990 - Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop
1991 - Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown
1991 - TV Guide publishes it's 2000th edition
1992 - Astros begins 26-game road trip to make room for Rep Natl Convention
1992 - Dimitri Lepikov, Vladimir Pychenko, Veniamin Taianovitch & Evgueni
1992 - Sadovyi swim world record 4x200m freestyle (7:11.95)
1993 - Detroit Tiger Fryman hits for cycle but loses 12-7 to Yankees
1993 - Javier Sotomayor jumps world record 2.45 m high
1993 - Mafia bombs historical buildings in Rome/Milan/Vatican City, 5 killed
1993 - NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million
1993 - NY Met Anthony Young wins ending his losing streak at 27 games
1995 - In Washington, DC, the Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated.
1996 - Bomb explodes at Atlanta Olympic Park, 1 killed, 110 injured
1996 - David Sales makes 210 on 1st class cricket debut for Northants v Worcs
1997 - "Candide," closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 103 performances
1997 - "Victor/Victoria" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 738 performances
1997 - Detroit Tigers retire pitching great Hal Newhouser's #16
1997 - Franklin Quest Senior Golf Championship
1997 - Stewart Cink wins golfs Greater Hartford Open (267)
1997 - Tammie Green wins Giant Eagle LPGA Classic
1997 - Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria; about 50 people killed.
2002 - Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history.
2005 - STS-114: NASA grounds the Space shuttle, pending an investigation of the external tank's continued foam-shedding problem. During ascent, the external tank of the Space Shuttle Discovery sheds a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster; this foam does not strike the spacecraft.
2006 - The Federal Republic of Germany is deemed guilty in the loss of Bashkirian 2937 and DHL Flight 611, because it is illegal to outsource flight surveillance.
2007 - Phoenix News Helicopter Collision: News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. This was the first known incidence of two news helicopters colliding in mid-air, and the worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.
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