Famous Events on this Day in History, July 26:

657 - Battle of Siffin.
811 - Battle at Pliska: Bulgarian under monarch Krum beat Byzantine
920 - Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona.
1267 - Inquistion forms in Rome under pope Clement IV
1309 - Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V.
1469 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV.
1497 - "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbecks army lands in Cork
1499 - Alonso dhe Ojeda discovers Curacao Island
1519 - Pizarro receives royal charter for S American west coast
1524 - James I (12) becomes king of Scotland
1529 - Francisco Pizarro appointed governor of Peru
1576 - Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst
1579 - Francis Drake leaves SF to cross Pacific Ocean
1588 - John Hawkins becomes a knight
1656 - Rembrandt declares he is insolvent
1663 - France annexes Venaissin
1678 - England & Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
1757 - Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats duke of Cumberland
1758 - British battle fleet under gen James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg
1759 - French troops vacate Ticonderoga NY
1760 - Austrian troops occupy Fort Glatz Silezie
1775 - United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin
1788 - NY becomes 11th state to ratify constitution
1788 - Sydney, Australia settled by British colonists
1790 - US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
1803 - The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
1805 - Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
1822 - Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar & Jose de San Martin
1826 - Vilnus Lithuanian riots cause death of many Jews
1832 - HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
1835 - 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
1847 - Liberia declares independence from American Colonization Society
1847 - Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
1848 - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)
1858 - Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
1863 - Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
1864 - -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
1864 - -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
1864 - Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
1865 - Patrick Francis Healy is 1st black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium)
1866 - Canoe Club opens in England
1878 - In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
1881 - French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
1882 - Richard Wagner's opera "Parsifal," premieres in Beirut
1887 - 1st Esperanto book published
1891 - Henry James' "American," premieres in London
1891 - France annexes Tahiti.
1897 - 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
1902 - Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
1908 - Predecessor of the FBI is created by the Department of Justice
1908 - United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
1914 - Austrian-Hungary condemns Serbian ultimatum
1914 - British Min of Navy Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain
1914 - German chief of staff/gen von Moltke states ultimatum on Belgium
1915 - International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
1917 - J Edgar Hoover gets job on ministry of Justice
1918 - Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
1926 - National Bar Association incorporates
1926 - Philippines govt asks US to plebiscite for independence
1928 - Gene Tunney TKOs Tom Heeney in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1928 - Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
1933 - Joe Dimaggio ends 61 game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League
1936 - The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
1937 - End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
1938 - 1st radio broadcast of "Young Widder Brown" on NBC
1939 - Yankee catcher Bill Dickey hits 3 consecutive HRs
1941 - "Camp Amersfoort" opened by Germany occupiers
1941 - 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
1941 - US embargo on oil-export to Japan
1942 - RAF bombs Hamburg
1942 - RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
1943 - 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
1943 - Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
1944 - Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
1944 - Russian troops arrive in Weichsel
1944 - US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
1944 - The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain.
1945 - After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes PM
1945 - Declaration of Potsdam: US/Brit/China demands Japanese surrender
1945 - Japanese govt disregards US ultimatum
1945 - US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb
1945 - Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's PM
1946 - President Truman orders desegregation of all US forces
1946 - Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport
1947 - Department of Defense forms
1947 - National Security Act establishes CIA
1948 - "Babe Ruth Story," premieres, Babe Ruth's last public appearance
1948 - 1st black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show
1948 - Leo Durocher returns to Ebbets Field as a NY Giant
1948 - Pres Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing "equality of treatment & opportunity" in armed forces
1949 - WCPO TV channel 9 in Cincinnati, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - Dodgers' Jim Russell is 1st to switch-hits HRs twice in a game
1950 - KNIL (Royal Dutch East Indies Army) unites
1951 - Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
1952 - King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]
1952 - Mickey Mantle hits his 1st grand-slammer
1953 - Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba
1953 - Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the "26th of July Movement," against Fulgenico Batista's regime
1953 - Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
1954 - WCET TV channel 48 in Cincinnati, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - 37th PGA Championship: Doug Ford at Meadowbrook CC Detroit
1955 - Last day as Test Cricket umpire for Frank Chester
1955 - Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
1956 - Egypt seizes Suez Canal
1957 - Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 200
1957 - USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
1957 - Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated
1958 - Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV
1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1960 - Italian govt of Fanfani forms
1962 - Maria Oeljanov, 1st airship with nuclear missiles, arrives in Cuba
1962 - Milwaukee Brave Warren Spahn sets HR record of 31 by a pitcher
1963 - Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
1963 - US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
1963 - The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development votes to admit Japan.
1964 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Women's Golf Open
1964 - Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa convicted of fraud & conspiracy
1964 - Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die
1964 - US union leader James Hoffa sentenced for fraud
1965 - Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (Natl Day)
1966 - WRLH TV channel 31 in Lebanon, NH (NBC) begins broadcasting
1966 - Lord Gardiner issues the Practice Statement in the House of Lords stating that the House is not bound to follow its own previous precedent.
1967 - Twins beat Yanks 3-2 in 18
1969 - Sharon Sites Adams, 39, becomes 1st lady to solo sail the Pacific
1970 - Reds Johnny Bench hits 3 consecutive HRs of Phillies Steve Carlton
1971 - Apollo 15 launched (Scott & Irwin) to 4th manned landing on Moon
1973 - Peter Shaffers "Equus," premieres in London
1974 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1974 - USSR's Soyuz fails to dock with Salyut 3
1975 - Soyuz 18B returns to Earth
1977 - USSR performs underground nuclear Test
1978 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1978 - Johnny Bench hits his 300th career home run
1979 - Estimated 109 cm (43") of rain falls in Alvin, TX (national record)
1981 - 2 climbers fall 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela
1981 - 36th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Pat Bradley
1981 - NY Mayor Ed Koch is given Heimlich maneuver in a Chinese restaurant
1982 - Canada's Anik D1 Comsat launched by US Delta rocket
1982 - Karen Dianne Baldwin, 18, of Canada, crowned 31st Miss Universe
1983 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-8
1983 - Jarmila Kratochvilova of Czech sets 800m woman's record (1:53.28)
1983 - Light flashes seen on Jupiter moon Io
1984 - Expos Pete Rose ties Ty Cobb with his 3,052nd single
1984 - Kuhn announces Vida Blue is suspended due to cocaine conviction
1984 - Pitcher Vida Blue suspended for rest of 1984 due to drug use
1986 - Lebanese kidnappers released Rev Lawrence Martin Jenco
1987 - Catfish Hunter Billy Williams & Ray Dandridge inducted in Baseball HOF
1987 - Stephen Roche wins Tour de France
1988 - Mike Schmidt sets NL record appearing in 2,155 games at 3rd base, as Phillies & NY Mets end that game at 2:13 AM
1990 - General Hospital tapes its 7,000th episode
1990 - President Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act
1990 - Roseanne Barr sings National Anthem at Reds-Padres game
1990 - US beats Soviet Union 17-0 in baseball at Goodwill Games
1991 - CFL assumes ownership of Ottawa Rough Riders
1991 - Expo's Mark Gardner no hits Dodgers for 9 innings, but loses in 10th
1991 - Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman) is arrested in Florida, for exposing himself at an adult movie theater
1992 - "Man of La Mancha" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 108 perfs
1992 - 47th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan
1992 - England honors her dead soldiers in the Falkland Is war
1992 - Kiss Guitarist Paul Stanley weds Pamela Bowen
1992 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 100th batter for 23rd consecutive seasons
1992 - Rocker Paul Stanley (Kiss) weds model Pamela Bowen
1993 - Boeing 737-500 crashes in South Korea, 66 killed
1993 - Mars Observer takes 1st photo of Mars, from 5 billion km
1994 - Cambodia's Red Khmer surprise attack on train, kills 13
1994 - Turkish air force bombs Kurds, struggle in Iraq, 70 killed
1998 - 19th US Senior Golf Open ends at Riviera CC, Pacific Palisades, Calif
1998 - Giant Eagle LPGA Classic
2005 - Space Shuttle program: STS-114 Mission - Launch of Discovery, NASA's first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster in 2003.
2005 - Mumbai, India receives 99.5cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, bringing the city to a halt for over 2 days.
2005 - Samir Geagea, the Lebanese Forces (LF) leader, is released after spending 11 years in a solitary confinement. His release came after the end of the Syrian occupation to Lebanon.
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