Famous Events on this Day in History, July 18:

390 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
64 - Great Fire of Rome begins (Nero didn't fiddle)
1290 - King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
1330 - Battle of Velbuzd
1334 - The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1536 - Pope's authority declared void in England
1572 - Willem van Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
1588 - Admiral Howard beats Spanish Armada
1630 - Spanish troops occupy Mantua
1656 - -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish king Karel X Gustaafbeats Johan II Kasimir & occupies Warsaw
1696 - Czar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River
1716 - Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
1737 - Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
1743 - 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
1753 - Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham Mass
1766 - Society of the Dutch Literary forms
1768 - Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song," America's 1st patriotic song
1814 - British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
1853 - Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
1857 - Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
1861 - Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
1862 - Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
1863 - Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
1864 - President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
1870 - Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
1872 - Britain introduces secret ballot voting
1882 - Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
1893 - Harry Graham scores 107 on cricket debut Australia v England, Lord's
1896 - 2nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
1896 - George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
1896 - Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut v Aust, Old Trafford
1897 - 3rd US Golf Open: James Foulis wins
1897 - Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907," premieres in NYC
1907 - French troops occupy Casablanca
1912 - Chic Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Phila Phillies in 11 innings
1913 - After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
1914 - US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
1915 - 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
1915 - Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
1918 - US & French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
1921 - Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
1923 - England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law
1924 - KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi
1925 - Hitler publishes Mein Kampf
1927 - Ty Cobb's 4,000th career hit
1930 - SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
1931 - 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
1932 - Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Unity treaty
1932 - US & Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
1935 - Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
1936 - Spanish Civil War begins, Gen Francisco Franco led uprising
1938 - Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif
1940 - 1st successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Ct
1940 - British govt signs Bruma law under Japanese pressure
1940 - Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term
1941 - SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
1942 - 1st legal NJ horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
1942 - Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, 1st jet fighter, takes 1st flight
1942 - World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
1943 - British assault on Catania Sicily
1943 - Giants & Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
1944 - 7:45 Operation-Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
1944 - Allies air raid railways at Vaires Paris
1944 - Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
1944 - British Mosquito's attack Cologne & Berlin
1944 - British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland
1944 - British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range Normandy
1944 - Polish troops under gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy
1944 - US troop march into St-Lo
1947 - British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
1947 - King George VI signs Indian Independence Bill
1947 - President Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
1947 - Tigers shut out Yanks 2-0, end 19 game win streak
1947 - US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
1948 - "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 168 performances
1948 - Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in a game
1948 - White Sox Fat Pat Seerey, hits 4 HRs in 11 inning game
1951 - Uruguay accepts its constitution
1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion
1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott KOs Ezzard Charles in 7 for hw boxing title
1952 - KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, CO (IND) begins broadcasting
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
1954 - Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
1955 - 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
1955 - 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
1956 - Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
1959 - 1st black to win a major golf tournament (William Wright)
1960 - 1st UN troops reach Congo
1960 - Baseball's NL votes to add Houston & NY franchises
1960 - Premier Kishi of Japan, resigns
1961 - Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
1962 - Minn Twins Bob Allison & Harmon Killebrew hit grand slams in 1st inn & Harmon Killebrew connect in a club-record, 11-run 1st inning
1962 - Minn is 1st AL team to hit 2 grand slams in an inning as Bob Allison
1963 - Failed military coup in Syria
1964 - Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
1965 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Yankee Golf Open
1965 - Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
1966 - Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old
1966 - Gemini 10 launched (John Young & Michael Collins)
1967 - Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY
1968 - Intel incorporates
1968 - The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California
1969 - Joe Namath agrees to sell interest in Bachelors 3, to stay in NFL
1970 - "Boy Friend" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 119 performances
1970 - Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
1970 - Giants Willie Mays hits 3,000 homers
1970 - Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time
1970 - WJCL TV channel 22 in Savannah, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Willie Mays, is 10th to get 3,000 hits
1971 - Eddy Merckx wins his 3rd Tour de France
1972 - 200,000 attend Mt Pocono rock festival in Penns
1972 - Egypt president Sadat throws 20,000 Russian military aids out
1972 - Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 & 102, Gloucs v Essex
1974 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - World's tallest structure, 646-m Polish radio mast, completed
1975 - Jury can't decide on trial of Dave Forbes of Boston Bruins (1st athlete indicted for excessive violence during play)
1976 - "Something's Afoot" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 61 performances
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1976 - Lucien van Impe wins Tour de France
1976 - Stockhausens "Sirius," premieres in NYC
1976 - Thiokol conducts 2-min firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Ut
1976 - Nadia Comaneci became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
1977 - Hugh Leonard's "Da," premieres in London
1977 - Vietnam becomes member of UN
1978 - Billy Martin suspends Reggie Jackson for not bunting
1978 - Egyptian & Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
1979 - Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
1979 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980 - Billy Joel's Glass Houses album tops charts
1980 - Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly France
1980 - Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
1980 - Quett Masire installed as president of Botswana
1980 - Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
1981 - Part of Hyatt Regency Hotel KC caves in (113 killed)
1981 - Poland communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
1982 - "Blues in the Night" closes at Rialto Theater NYC after 53 perfs
1982 - 111th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 284 at Royal Troon
1982 - Sally Little wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1983 - Despite being in 1st place in NL East, Phils fire manager Pat Corrales
1984 - James Huberty kills 21 McDonald's patrons in San Ysidro Calif
1984 - Walter F Mondale wins Democratic presidential nomination in SF
1985 - USSR performs underground nuclear Test
1986 - 115th British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 280 at Turnberry Scotld
1986 - Royals announce manager Dick Howser, 50, has a brain tumor
1986 - Videotapes released showing Titanic's sinksen remains
1987 - Molly Yard elected new pres of Natl Org for Women
1987 - NY Yanks Don Mattingly ties record of HRs in 8 cons games
1988 - Abu Nidal terrorists kill 9 on City of Poros cruise ship
1988 - Shooting begins on "License to Kill"
1989 - 48 cm rainfall at Rockport, West Virginia (state record)
1991 - Florida Marlins' logo unveiled
1991 - Mike Tyson meets Miss Black America contestants
1992 - Film critic Roger Ebert marries Chaz Hammel-Smith
1992 - Helen Windsor (daughter of English prince Edward) weds Timothy Taylor
1992 - Sharon Belden, of Fla, 25, crowned Miss World USA
1992 - Singers Whitney Houston & Bobby Brown marry
1992 - The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima.
1993 - 122nd British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 267 at Royal St George
1993 - Afghanistan president Ishaq Khan & premier Nawaz Sharif resign
1993 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (51,596 K)
1993 - Hiromi Kobayash wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1993 - Liberal-Democratic Party loses Japan's parliamentary election
1994 - Bomb attack on Jewish center AMIA in Buenos Aires, 86 killed
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy collides with Jupiter
1994 - Court upholds NBA salary cap and draft rights
1994 - Cranberries' Dolores O'Riordan, 22, weds Don Burton, 32
1994 - Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons
1994 - Houston Astros tie NL comeback record, trailing 10-0, beat Cards 15-12
1994 - NY Jets sign USA soccer goalkeeper Tony Miola as a place kicker
1995 - DC3 crashes at Antananarivo Madagaskar, 34 die
1996 - Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec's costliest natural disasters ever.
1999 - 128th British Golf Open: at Camoustie Scot
2009 - Five members of one family are found murdered at Epping, New South Wales.
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