Famous Events on this Day in History, July 16:

390 - Brennus & Gauls defeat Romans at Allia
463 - Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
622 - Moslem Era begins-Mahomet begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hejira)
622 - Origin of Islamic Era (Muharram 1, 1 AH)
622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
1054 - Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing an invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on the altar in the Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. This is often dated as the start of the East-West Schism.
1099 - Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem power in Spain
1251 - The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stork a haircut (legend)
1338 - German monarch signs Treaty of Rense
1429 - Army entered Reims
1429 - Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
1439 - Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
1465 - Battle at Montlhéry
1519 - Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck
1548 - La Paz, Bolivia is founded
1573 - Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland
1618 - Capt John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
1659 - Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II
1661 - 1st banknotes in Europe were issued by Bank of Stockholm
1683 - Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attain Vienna
1683 - Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
1769 - Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in Calif
1775 - John Adams graduates Harvard
1782 - Mozart's opera "Das Entfuhrung aus dem Serail," premieres in Vienna
1790 - Congress establishes District of Columbia
1798 - US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized
1801 - Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
1809 - The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declared its independence from Spanish Crown and formed the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, lead by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
1845 - NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
1856 - Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
1857 - Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
1861 - Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
1861 - Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]
1862 - David G Farragut is 1st rear admiral in US Navy
1863 - Utrecht-Swells railway opens
1867 - Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
1867 - D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
1867 - Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
1880 - Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
1894 - Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
1894 - Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
1895 - Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton
1902 - John McGraw named manager of NY Giants
1902 - Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford
1904 - Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
1909 - Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
1912 - Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
1914 - Socialist conference in Brussel (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
1920 - 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
1920 - China joins the League of Nations
1920 - Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
1920 - Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
1924 - Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
1924 - NY Giants George Kelly is 1st to hit HRs in 6 cons games
1926 - Jaspar govt asks authority to save Belgian franc
1926 - National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
1927 - Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua
1934 - Bradman scores 140 Aust v Yorkshire, 120 mins, 22 fours 2 sixes
1935 - 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
1936 - 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
1936 - NY Giants are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
1938 - 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
1940 - NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
1941 - 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash
1941 - Joe Dimaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
1942 - French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
1942 - Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
1944 - Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 & break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
1945 - 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
1945 - Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
1945 - Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
1946 - Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history)
1946 - US court martials 46 SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
1947 - Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee & Yanks 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19
1948 - Eddie Sawyer replaces Ben Chapman in Phila, NY Giants Leo Durocher replaces Mel Ott & Burt Shotton replaces Durocher as Dodger manager
1950 - Single day 16 team HR record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
1950 - Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
1951 - 1st Dutchman to win Tour de France (Wim Van Est)
1951 - King Leopold III, of Belgium, abdicates
1951 - Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorks v Surrey at The Oval
1951 - Novel "Catcher in Rye" by JD Salinger published
1953 - KROC (now KTTC) TV channel 10 in Rochester, MN (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
1956 - Detroit Tigers & Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
1956 - Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
1956 - King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
1956 - Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
1957 - Marine Maj John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)
1960 - 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
1960 - George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
1961 - Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Tippecanoe Golf Open
1961 - Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
1962 - NASA civilian Test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m
1963 - Amazon carries 190,000 m3/sec (record)
1964 - Republicans convention selects Barry Goldwater as pres candidate
1965 - Mount Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opens
1966 - "Half a Sixpence" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 512 perfs
1967 - Mickey Wright wins Lady Carling Golf Open
1967 - Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)
1969 - Apollo 11, carrying 1st men to land on Moon, launched
1970 - Iraq's constitution goes into effect
1970 - Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
1971 - Franco points prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain
1972 - Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
1972 - Smokey Robinson & Miracles final live performance
1973 - During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
1975 - Commissioner Bowie Kuhn is reelected for a 7-year term
1976 - Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years
1977 - Janelle Commissiong, of Trinidad & Tobago, crowned 26th Miss Universe
1978 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1979 - Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein
1980 - Polish railway workers block railway to Russia
1980 - Ronald Reagan nominated for Pres by Republicans in Detroit
1981 - India performs nuclear Test
1981 - Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
1982 - George P Shultz sworn in as minister of Foreign affairs
1982 - NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
1982 - Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
1983 - 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident
1983 - Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
1985 - 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
1985 - All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (SD Padres)
1985 - Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
1985 - F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1152 kph (716 mph)
1987 - Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1987 - Said Aouita runs world record 2000m (4:50.81)
1987 - Don Mattingly hits his 4th grand slam of season & ties AL record of homers in 6 straight games (on way to tie major league record of 8)
1988 - Carl Lewis runs a wind-assisted 100 m in 9.78 sec
1988 - Florence Joyner runs 100 m in women's world record 10.49 seconds
1988 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee sets women's heptathlete record of 7,215 pts
1988 - Michael J Fox marries Tracy Pollan
1988 - San Antonio (Texas League) beats Jackson 1-0 in 26 innings
1988 - Wayne Gretzky (NHL) & Janet Jones (Police Acad 5) wed in Edmonton
1989 - 44th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1990 - 400 die in a (7.7) earthquake in Philippines
1990 - Bridgette LeAnn Wilson, 17, of Oregon, 8th crowned Miss Teen USA
1990 - Civil trial by parents of Suicide victims against Judas Priest begins
1990 - NYC's Empire State Building catches fire-No fatalities
1990 - Rick Dee's "Into the Night," premieres on ABC-TV
1990 - Ukraine declares independence
1993 - President Lissouba calls emergency rule in Congo-Brazzaville
1993 - S van Ruysdael's "Winter Landscape" sold for £705,500 in London
1993 - SF outfielder Darren Lewis sets record of 267 consec errorless games
1994 - "Sisters Rosensweig" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 556 perfs
1994 - 1st parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hits Jupiter (until July 22nd)
1994 - 3 tenors-Placid Domingo, Luciano Parvoti, Jose Carreras, perform in LA
1994 - Anna Nicole Smith (26) weds ½ billionaire J Howard Marshall II (89)
1994 - Baseball Night in America premieres (no Saturday day games)
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy collides with Jupiter
1994 - Shreveport Pirates 1st CFL home game (vs Toronto Argonauts)
1994 - Spanish fishing boats sink a French fishing boat over fishing rights
1994 - Sweden shuts out Bulgaria 4-0, to finish 3rd in the World Cup
1995 - "Buttons on Broadway" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 40 perfs
1995 - "Chronicles of a Death Foretold" closes at Plymouth NYC after 55 perfs
1995 - 13th Seniors Players Golf Championship: J C Snead
1995 - 50th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Annika Sorenstam
1997 - Jerold Mackenzie awarded $266M for being fired from Miller Brewing for sexual harrassment for relaying a Seinfeld episode to a co worker
1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
2004 - Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
2007 - An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occurs off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chuetsu offshore earthquake.
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