Famous Events on this Day in History, July 14:

1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
1420 - Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia
1520 - Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernan Cortes & Tlascala's vs Aztecs
1535 - Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
1544 - English troops attack The Canal
1581 - English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
1682 - Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
1698 - The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1714 - Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
1769 - The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 - Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
1789 - Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 - 1st direct federal tax on states-on dwellings, land & slaves
1798 - Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against US govt
1822 - Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
1823 - Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
1832 - Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
1845 - 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
1845 - Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
1850 - 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
1853 - 1st US World's fair opens (Crystal Palace NY)
1853 - Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
1853 - Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
1861 - Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
1861 - Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
1863 - Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
1863 - Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
1864 - Gold is discovered in Helena, Mont
1865 - 1st ascent of Matterhorn
1865 - Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
1868 - Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
1877 - General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
1891 - John T Smith patents corkboard
1902 - The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1909 - Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
1911 - 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
1912 - Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
1914 - 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Dr R Goddard)
1914 - NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
1916 - 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
1916 - St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
1918 - Dutch govt reclaims South seas
1921 - Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company's paymaster
1927 - 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
1932 - Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
1933 - Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
1933 - NSDAP becomes only party in Germany
1933 - Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44, at Leyton
1934 - 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
1934 - NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
1934 - Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
1934 - Ruth hits 700th career home run
1936 - 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front govt
1936 - 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
1938 - Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifest
1940 - Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
1940 - Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
1941 - 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
1941 - Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
1941 - Jam rationed in Holland
1942 - 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
1942 - Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
1944 - Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
1944 - US assault on Coutances Cotentin
1945 - Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
1946 - Dr Ben Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published
1946 - Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
1946 - Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs
1948 - Israel bombs Cairo
1948 - Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
1949 - USSR explodes their 1st atom bomb
1950 - RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
1951 - "Courtin' Time" closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
1951 - "Make a Wish" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 perfs
1951 - 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
1951 - Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
1951 - George Washington Carver monument unveiled
1952 - SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
1953 - 1st Natl monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
1953 - 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
1953 - Communist offensive in Korea
1954 - 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
1954 - 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
1955 - 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England
1956 - Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
1957 - Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
1958 - General Abdul K Kassem forms a military govt in Iraq
1958 - Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th & last encyclical Meminisse juvat
1958 - Col Saddam Hussein & Iraqi army overthrows the monarchy
1959 - 1st atomic powered cruiser, Long Beach, Quincy Mass
1960 - Barbara Romack wins LPGA Leesburg Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1960 - Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300
1961 - Astro's Eddie Matthews hits HR #500
1961 - Finland's Miettunen govt forms
1961 - Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate
1962 - Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel finished
1962 - Brave's Hank Aaron hits HR #500
1962 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sight Golf Open
1964 - Jacques Anquetil wins his 5th Tour de France
1964 - Oriole Bob Johnson's 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
1965 - Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
1965 - Israeli/Jordanian border fights
1965 - US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
1966 - Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
1967 - Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Juan Marichal
1967 - Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
1967 - The Who, opening for Herman's Hermits begin a US tour
1968 - Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Pabst Ladies' Golf Classic
1968 - Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
1968 - WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 - "Futbol War" between El Salvador & Honduras begins
1969 - Soccer war - Salvador-Honduras (1000 dead)
1969 - WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1969 - The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1970 - 41st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1970 - All star MVP: Carl Yastremski (Boston Red Sox)
1972 - Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic Natl Committee
1972 - USSR performs underground nuclear Test
1972 - Plate ump & catcher in a game are brothers. Bill Haller is ump & Tom Haller is Tigers catcher, KC Royals win 1-0
1973 - 102nd British Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1973 - Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
1974 - Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
1974 - Bundy victims Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
1974 - Sharon Miller wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1975 - EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
1976 - Jimmy Carter wins Democratic pres nomination in NYC
1976 - USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands
1977 - North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
1977 - US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
1978 - Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
1978 - Ump Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
1978 - Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode," blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
1979 - USSR performs nuclear Test
1981 - Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
1983 - Crane (Rep-R-Il) & Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
1984 - STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads
1984 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 - 40th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
1985 - Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
1985 - Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
1986 - 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
1986 - 2nd govt of Lubbers sworn in
1986 - 41st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jane Geddes
1986 - Motley Crue's Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
1986 - NASA's plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission
1986 - Paul McCartney releases "Press"
1986 - Richard W Miller became 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
1986 - Shalamar's Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
1987 - 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad
1987 - All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)
1987 - Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million
1987 - Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
1987 - Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson
1987 - Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
1987 - Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
1988 - 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorp of Nagorno-Karabak
1988 - Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th HR into 7th place
1988 - WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
1989 - 16th James Bond movies "License to Kill" premieres
1990 - "Howard Stern's Summer Show" premieres on WWOR-TV (NYC)
1990 - Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America's Junior Miss
1991 - 46th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Meg Mallon
1991 - Failed military coup in Mali
1992 - 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
1992 - Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery
1992 - All star MVP: Ken Griffey Jr (Seattle Mariners)
1992 - 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds release his Linux soon afterwards.
1993 - Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow & NY
1994 - Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
1995 - LA Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
1995 - Ramon Martinez pitches a 7-0 no-hitter against the Marlins
1996 - "How To Succeed in Business..." closes at R Rodgers NYC after 548 perf
1996 - "Thousand Clowns" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 32 performances
1996 - 14th Seniors Players Golf Championship: Raymond Floyd
1996 - Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1996 - NY Yankee John Weteland sets record of 24 consecutive saves
1996 - NY Yanks sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
1997 - Bomb in Algiers kills 21 & wounds 40
2002 - French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
2007 - Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
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