Famous Events on this Day in History, July 13:

574 - John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1174 - Scottish King William captured
1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1522 - Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
1558 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1568 - Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
1573 - Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
1643 - Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
1645 - Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as czar of Russia
1657 - Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert
1668 - Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro," premieres in Vienna
1700 - Russian-Turkish peace
1772 - Capt James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas
1787 - Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
1787 - Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 pop
1794 - Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1832 - Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry R Schoolcraft)
1836 - US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
1837 - Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
1851 - John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
1854 - US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
1854 - In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
1861 - Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
1862 - Battle of Murfreesboro, TN (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150
1863 - Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
1863 - Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
1863 - Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
1863 - Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
1864 - Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
1865 - Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
1865 - P T Barnum's museum burns down
1868 - Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
1870 - King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck
1876 - 29th Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
1878 - Congress of Berlin discusses division of African colonization ends
1878 - Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
1882 - 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
1896 - Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
1898 - Guglielmo Marconi patents radio
1898 - SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
1900 - Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
1917 - Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
1919 - Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
1919 - Chic White Sox pitcher Carl Mays walks off mound blaming teammates for lack of support afield
1923 - Draft law passes
1923 - The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
1924 - Albin Stenroos wins Olympic marathon (2:41:22.6)
1925 - French occupation force begins evacuating country
1926 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)
1930 - 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay
1930 - Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
1934 - Babe Ruth hits HR #700 (against Detroit)
1935 - Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer
1935 - US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
1936 - 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
1936 - 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)
1938 - Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland
1939 - Frank Sinatra made his recording debut
1941 - 24th PGA Championship: Vic Ghezzi at Cherry Hills CC Denver
1941 - Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of ump Ray Snyder
1941 - World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
1942 - 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
1942 - German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
1942 - SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
1943 - 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
1943 - Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany
1944 - Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
1945 - 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico
1946 - "Tidbits of 1946" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 8 performances
1948 - 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
1949 - Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
1950 - Doctors remove 7 bone fragments from Ted Williams elbow
1950 - René Pleven forms French govt
1954 - 21st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-9 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
1954 - Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
1956 - WCBI TV channel 4 in Columbus, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - 13th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1958 - 87th British Golf Open: Peter Thomson shoots a 278 at Royal Lytham
1958 - Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
1960 - 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
1960 - KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA
1960 - US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate
1962 - 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New-Guinea
1962 - 91st British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Early Wynn, wins his 300th & last game at 43
1965 - 36th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 at Metropolitan Stadium, Minn
1965 - All star MVP: Juan Marichal (SF Giant)
1966 - Richard Speck, murders 8 nurses in Chicago
1967 - Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
1968 - 97th British Golf Open: Gary Player shoots 289 at Carnoustie Scotland
1968 - French govt-Couve de Murville forms
1969 - Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon
1969 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Ladies' Supertest Golf Open
1970 - Building begins of Amsterdam metro
1971 - 42nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-4 at Tiger Stadium, Detroit
1971 - All star MVP: Frank Robinson (Baltimore Orioles)
1972 - LA Rams (Irsay) & Baltimore Colts (Rosenbloom) swap owners
1973 - Bobby Murcer's 3 homers accounted for all RBIs, beating KC 5-0
1973 - Hector de Campora resigns as pres of Argentina
1974 - 103rd British Golf Open: Gary Player shoots a 282 at Royal Lytham
1974 - India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)
1975 - 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
1975 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1976 - 47th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Veterans Stadium, Phila
1976 - All star MVP: George Foster (Cin Reds)
1976 - Court martial begins in USSR for Valeri Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)
1976 - Last day of Test Cricket for Brian Close, aged 45
1977 - NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
1978 - Albania drops diplomatic relations with China PR
1978 - Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
1978 - BBC bans Sex Pistols "No One is Innocent"
1978 - Lee Iacocca fired as Ford Motor Pres by chairman Henry Ford II
1978 - Russian dissident Ginsburg/Piatkus/Sjtsjaranki sentence to work camp
1978 - Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
1979 - Calif's Nolan Ryan & Boston's Steve Renko each lose no-hitters in 9th
1979 - George Harrison releases "Faster"
1980 - 35th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1980 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 - 53rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Olympic Stadium, Montreal
1982 - All star MVP: Dave Conception (Cin Reds)
1982 - Train crash at Aalter Belgium, 5 killed
1984 - Eddie Van Halen joins in, in a Jacksons concert
1984 - Jeff Beck quits Rod Stewart's tour after 7 shows
1984 - Sergei Bubka of USSR pole vaults a record 5.89 m
1985 - "Live Aid" concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief
1985 - NY Yankees retire Roger Maris (9) & Elston Howard (32) uniforms
1987 - Federal judge throws out Bette Midler's $10 million suit against Ford Motor Co, who used a sound alike voice for their TV commercials
1988 - 9th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1988 - Red Sox replace manager John McNamara with Joe Morgan
1988 - Sting performs his 1st Rain Forest benefit concert
1991 - Bob Milacki & 3 other Balt Oriole pitchers no-hit A's 2-0
1993 - 64th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-3 at Camden Yards, Baltimore
1993 - All star MVP: Kirby Puckett (Minn Twins)
1994 - Jeff Gillooly sentenced to 2 years for attack on Nancy Kerrigan
1994 - OJ Simpson (charged with murder) gives hair samples for testing
1995 - Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), launches
1996 - Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)
1997 - 15th Seniors Players Golf Championship: Larry Gilbert
1997 - 52nd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Alison Nicholas
1997 - David Toms wins Quad City Golf Classic at 265
1997 - Ford Senior Players Golf Championship
1997 - Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77
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