Famous Events on this Day in History, July 12:

526 - St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1109 - Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli
1191 - Richard Coeur de Lion & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine
1191 - Saladin's garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city's walls and towers.
1290 - Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
1442 - King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples
1472 - Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminister Abbey.
1542 - French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
1543 - England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)
1549 - English boer army occupies Norwich
1575 - Willem van Orange marries Charlotte de Bourbon
1580 - Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
1627 - English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22]
1630 - New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island
1679 - Britain's King Charles II ratified Habeas Corpus Act
1689 - Orangeman's Day-Battle of Boyne, Protestant victory in Ireland
1690 - Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats catholic king James II
1691 - Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
1691 - Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II
1700 - Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
1704 - Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
1730 - Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
1745 - Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle [NS]
1771 - James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England
1774 - Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
1774 - Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
1776 - Capt Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
1785 - 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
1801 - Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish
1804 - Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.
1812 - US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
1817 - 1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)
1817 - Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course
1843 - Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
1850 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
1859 - Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass
1862 - Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
1862 - Federal troops occupy Helena Arkansas
1874 - Ontario Agricultural College founded
1874 - Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott" (BG)
1878 - Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
1882 - 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC
1898 - Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
1900 - 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
1901 - Cy Young wins his 300th game
1902 - Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage
1906 - Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
1909 - 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
1912 - 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
1914 - Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for Red Sox
1917 - The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 - Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
1918 - The Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
1920 - Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent rep
1920 - Panama Canal opens
1921 - Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs
1921 - Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
1926 - Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
1926 - Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)
1927 - Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs
1928 - 1st televised tennis match
1930 - 34th US Golf Open: Robert T "Bobby" Jones wins
1930 - Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 mins, 46 fours
1931 - 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
1932 - Hedley Verity establishes a first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm
1933 - Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1934 - US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
1934 - Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)
1935 - Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
1937 - -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
1943 - Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
1943 - National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
1943 - Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
1943 - Russian offensive at Orel
1943 - Tank battle at Prochorowka - Russians beat Nazis, about 12,000 die
1944 - Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
1944 - US govt recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
1945 - Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
1946 - Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia," premieres in Glyndebourne
1946 - Vance Dinges hits only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park HR
1948 - 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
1949 - 16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
1949 - Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence
1949 - Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
1949 - LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin
1950 - ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraws
1950 - Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death
1951 - Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
1951 - NY Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleve Indians, 8-0
1952 - East German SED decides to form German DR army
1953 - KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, ID (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Major League Baseball Players Assn founded
1954 - Pres Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
1955 - 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw
1955 - Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
1957 - 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
1957 - US Surgeon Gen Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
1958 - "Li'l Abner" closes at St James Theater NYC after 693 performances
1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 - NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during ankee-Red Sox game
1960 - Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
1960 - Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
1960 - Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament
1960 - USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 - XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 - Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1962 - 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
1962 - Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)
1964 - 19th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1966 - 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
1966 - 37th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 10 at Busch Stad, St Louis
1966 - All star MVP: Brooks Robinson (Balt Orioles)
1966 - Race riot in Chicago
1966 - US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints
1967 - 23 die in Newark race riot
1967 - 5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0
1967 - Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested
1967 - Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
1968 - Couve de Murville forms govt in France
1968 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - 98th British Golf Open: Tony Jacklin shoots a 280 at Royal Lytham
1970 - 99th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 283 at St Andrews
1970 - Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky
1970 - Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
1970 - Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atl Ocean in "Ra" docks in Barbados
1971 - Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
1972 - Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla
1973 - A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1974 - John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
1975 - 104th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 279 at Carnoustie
1975 - Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire
1975 - Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Natl Day)
1976 - Ian Dury & Kilburns disband
1977 - 1st free flight test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
1978 - Sun Bank Building opens
1978 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - Ian Palce joins Whitesnake
1979 - Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK
1979 - "Disco Demolition Night" at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild & causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers
1981 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1982 - Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs
1982 - FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail
1983 - Chad govt troops reconquer Abéché
1984 - Geraldine Ferraro, NY becomes 1st woman major-party VP candidate
1985 - "Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 perfs
1985 - Doctors discover a cancerous growth in Pres Reagan's colon
1985 - STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
1987 - 15th du Maurier Golf Classic: Jody Rosenthal
1987 - 1st time in 20 years a delegation from USSR lands in Israel
1987 - 50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar
1987 - 8th US Seniors Golf Open: Gary Player
1987 - Phillies Kent Tekulve pitches his 900th game in relief
1988 - 59th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1988 - All star MVP: Terry Steinbach (Oakland A's)
1988 - Margo Adams alleges Red Sox Wade Bogg's had an affair with her
1988 - USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit
1989 - NY Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA)
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at National Theatre, Washington
1990 - Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party
1990 - Chicago White Sox Melido Perez no-hits Yankees 8-0 in a rain shortened 6 inning game at Yankee Stadium (7th no-hitter of 1990)
1992 - 13th US Seniors Golf Open: Larry Laoretti
1992 - Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis of Jul 2, 1991 concert
1992 - Betsy King wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
1993 - 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed
1993 - Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Sunset Promenade" opens in London
1993 - Don Imus begins broadcasting to Boston on WEEI (590 AM)
1994 - 65th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-8 at 3 Rivers Stad, Pitts
1994 - All star MVP: Fred McGriff (Atlanta Braves)
1994 - Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins
1996 - Kirby Puckett, retires from Minn Twins
1996 - Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million
1996 - Start of 1st "Super 8's" tournament in Kuala Lumpur
1997 - Cubs play in their 5,000th consecutive gane with out being no-hit
1997 - Pirates Francisco Cordova & Ricardo Rincon no-hit Astros 3-0 in 10 inn
1998 - 16th Seniors Players Golf Championship:
1998 - Jamie Farr Kroger Golf Classic
2006 - Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.
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