Famous Events on this Day in History, July 11:911 - Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
1156 - Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
1244 - Chwarizneense Turken defeats Jerusalem
1302 - Battle of Kortrijk Belgium (France vs Flanders)
1302 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) - a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's massive army.
1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1347 - Bohemia heir to the throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
1376 - English "Good Parliament" meets
1405 - Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.
1423 - Arnold van Egmont becomes duke of Gelre
1476 - Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
1525 - Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague
1533 - Pope Clement VII excommunicated England's King Henry VIII
1576 - Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1588 - French king Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
1616 - Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1635 - Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
1673 - Netherlands & Denmark signs defense treaty
1690 - Battle of Drogheda Boyne (Willem III (Neth-Engl) beat Jacobus II (Ire)
1708 - Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
1735 - Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
1740 - Czarina Anne of Little Russia, expels Jews
1740 - Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Czarina Anne
1750 - Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
1776 - Captain James Cook begins his third voyage
1781 - Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
1789 - US Marine Corps created by an act of Congress
1792 - Prussia army moves into French territory
1798 - US Marine Corps forms
1801 - French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
1804 - Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
1811 - Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1812 - US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
1818 - Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born," "Lines Written in the Highlands," & "Gadfly"
1848 - Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
1848 - London's Waterloo Station opens
1861 - Battle of Laurel Mountain VA-Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
1861 - Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
1862 - Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
1863 - Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
1864 - Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
1864 - Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash DC
1882 - British fleet bombs Alexandria
1888 - 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
1888 - Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
1889 - Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
1892 - US Patent Office says J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp
1893 - The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
1893 - A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
1895 - Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists
1897 - Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
1900 - Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
1902 - British premier Lord Salisbury resigns
1905 - Black intellectuals & activists organize Niagara movement
1905 - Niagara Movement founded by WEB Dubois
1906 - The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
1914 - Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3
1915 - Germany cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
1916 - 1st federal grant-in-aid for state roads enacted
1916 - Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
1919 - Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
1921 - Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
1922 - The Hollywood Bowl opens.
1923 - Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
1924 - Moslem-Hindu rebellion in Delhi
1925 - Queen Wilhelmina names H Colijn head of govt
1930 - Bradman scores 309 in a day vs England at Leeds, goes on to 334
1931 - NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8
1934 - FDR became 1st pres to travel through Panama Canal
1936 - Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens
1939 - 7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York NY Yankee/AL maanager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees
1940 - British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
1941 - German troops attack Dnjepr
1943 - 7th day of battle at Kursk
1943 - Counter attack by Hermann Goering Armour division in Sicily
1943 - US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
1943 - US 82nd Airborne division shot at, by "friendly fire" in Sicily
1943 - Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
1944 - 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
1944 - FDR says he would run for a 4th term
1944 - Franklin D. Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States.
1946 - Kingman Douglass, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1948 - 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
1950 - 17th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 in 14 at Comiskey Park, Chic Ted Williams breaks his elbow; 1st extra inning All Star Game
1952 - Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican presidential candidate
1954 - 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
1955 - Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
1955 - New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colo with 300 cadets
1960 - 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
1960 - Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
1960 - Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence
1960 - Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence
1961 - 30th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 in 10 at Candlestick Pk, SF
1961 - Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1962 - 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
1962 - Brothers Hank & Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
1962 - Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
1962 - Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested
1965 - Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion
1965 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Midwest Golf Open
1967 - 38th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 15 at Anaheim Stadium, CA
1967 - All star MVP: Tony Perez (Cin Reds)
1967 - Kenny Rogers forms 1st Edition
1968 - Earl Weaver replaces Hank Bauer as manager of Orioles
1968 - Start of Colin Cowdrey's 100th Test, 1st person to do so
1969 - David Bowie releases "Space Oddity"
1969 - Rolling Stones release "Honky Tonk Woman"
1971 - Chilean parliament nationalizes US copper mines
1971 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
1971 - Phillies Deron Johnson 3 HRs caps his 4 in a row
1973 - Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
1974 - House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
1974 - World Football League plays 1st games
1975 - Chinese archeologists discover a 3-acre burial site with 6,000 clay statues of warriors dating as early as 221 BC
1976 - 1st US football club in Austria forms (FAAFC-1st Austrian American)
1976 - 31st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by JoAnne Carner
1976 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1976 - In pre-game promo at Atlanta County Stadium, 34 couples wed at home plate followed by Championship Wrestling "Headlocks & Wedlocks"
1977 - Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr
1978 - 49th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at San Diego Stadium
1978 - All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers)
1978 - Auto with liquid gas crashes & explodes in Spain, 160 killed
1979 - US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia & disintegrates
1980 - American hostage Richard I Queen freed by Iran
1981 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1981 - Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony
1981 - Sebastian Coe of UK sets record for 1K (2:12.18)
1982 - "7 Brides for 7 Brothers" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 5 perfs
1982 - 3rd US Seniors Golf Open: Miller Barber
1982 - Hollis Stacy wins West Virginia LPGA Golf Classic
1982 - Italy beats West Germany 3-1 for soccer's 12th World Cup in Madrid
1983 - Lorraine Elizabeth Downes, 19, of NZ, crowned 32nd Miss Universe
1984 - 55th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at Candlestick Park, SF
1984 - All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos)
1984 - England's MusicBox begins satellite transmission to Europe
1984 - Govt orders air bags or seat belts would be required in cars by 1989
1984 - Lucas Mangope re-elected president of Bophuthatswana
1985 - Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)
1985 - Refurbished Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
1985 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1986 - Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway runs 10,000 m in world record 30:13.74
1986 - Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
1986 - Mary Beth Whitehead christens surrogate Baby M, Sara
1987 - Heart's "Alone," single goes #1 for 3 weeks
1987 - Orioles Cal Ripkin becomes 1st to manage 2 sons, as Billy joins Cal
1988 - Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor
1989 - 60th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Anaheim Stadium, Anaheim All star MVP: Bo Jackson (KC Royals)
1989 - President Ronald Reagan sportscasts All Star Game
1990 - NYC police arrest "Dartman" (stabbed over 50 women with darts)
1990 - Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
1991 - Calumet Farm, home to 8 Kentucky Derby winners, files bankruptcy
1991 - Nigerian DC-8 crashes near Djeddah, 261 die
1991 - Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii
1992 - Pres candidate Ross Perot at NAACP speech calls them "you people"
1993 - 14th US Seniors Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus
1993 - Nancy Lopez wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1994 - Suriname guilder devalued: NY1 = SY105
1995 - 66th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 at Ballpark at Arlington Tx
1995 - All star MVP: Jeff Conine (Fla Marlins)
1999 - 20th US Seniors Golf Open: at Des Moines GC, W Des Moines, Iowa
2006 - 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.