Famous Events on this Day in History, July 10:48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
552 - Origin of Armenian calendar
988 - The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
1040 - Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
1212 - The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
1460 - Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton
1520 - King Charles V & King Henry VIII signs treaty of Calais
1553 - Lady Jane Grey becomes queen of England
1568 - Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
1584 - Spanish army leader Richebourg conquerors Liefkenshoek, Belgium
1584 - William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
1598 - Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
1609 - Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
1627 - English fleet under George Villiers reach La Rochelle [NS=June 20]
1629 - 1st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, MA)
1645 - Battle at Langport Somerset: Cromwell's New Model-army beats Royalists
1652 - England declares war on Netherlands
1690 - Battle of Beachy Head-French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet
1690 - Neth-French sea battle at Beachy Head (Cornelis Evertsen)
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
1762 - Roubiliacs monument for Handel unveiled at Westminster Abbey
1775 - Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1796 - Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
1797 - 1st US frigate, the "United States," is launched in Phila
1800 - The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent.
1806 - The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1810 - Emperor Napoleon corpse leaves Netherlands for France
1832 - Pres Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
1847 - Urbain J J Leverrier & John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
1850 - VP Fillmore becomes pres following Zachary Taylor's death
1861 - Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia & says Union troops will not enter that state
1862 - US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
1863 - Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
1863 - Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
1866 - Indelible pencil patents by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass
1873 - French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol
1877 - The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
1884 - 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
1886 - George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
1886 - Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink & white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
1890 - Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
1892 - 1st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
1898 - Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
1905 - Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
1908 - H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
1910 - Chicago White Sox Comiskey Park opens, visiting Browns win 2-0
1911 - 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
1912 - Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
1913 - 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, Calif (US record)
1913 - Romania declares war on Bulgaria
1913 - Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
1914 - Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles
1915 - British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
1917 - Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
1918 - Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
1919 - Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
1919 - Pres Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
1920 - Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
1923 - 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia)
1923 - All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
1924 - Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
1924 - Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam
1925 - Jury selection took place in John T Scopes evolution trial
1925 - USSR's official news agency TASS forms
1925 - Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
1926 - 30th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 293 at Scioto CC in Ohio
1926 - Lake Denmark, NJ arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
1928 - Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
1929 - In game between Pirates & Phillies 9 HRs hit 1 in each inning
1929 - US issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
1932 - Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
1933 - 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, NY
1934 - 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
1934 - 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, New York
1934 - Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
1936 - 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
1936 - 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record
1936 - 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
1936 - 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record
1936 - New Straits Convention allows Turkish rearmament of Dardanelles
1936 - Phillies Chuck Klein becomes 4th to hit 4 HRs in a game
1937 - Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
1938 - "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic
1938 - Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours
1940 - Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces attacked by air (114 days)
1940 - German planes attack British ships in the Canal
1941 - Jedwabne Pogrom is a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
1942 - Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
1942 - Netherland's govt in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
1943 - 6th day of battle at Kursk
1943 - US & Britain invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
1944 - U-821 sinks
1945 - Lt-adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
1946 - Belgian govt of Acker, resigns
1947 - 200 die when train derails & fell into a river in Canton, China
1947 - Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Phila A's, 3-0
1947 - Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
1948 - "Allegro" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 318 performances
1948 - "Ballet Ballads" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 62 performances
1948 - "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 188 perfs
1948 - Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
1949 - 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced-Toledo, Oh
1949 - WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, RI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 - "Your Hit Parade" premieres on NBC (later CBS) TV
1951 - 18th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 8-3 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
1951 - Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
1953 - 82nd British Golf Open: Ben Hogan shoots a 282 at Carnoustie Dai Rees
1953 - Pravda reports arrest of Beria [affiliate of imperialist]
1956 - 23rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash DC
1956 - 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
1956 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1958 - 1st parking meter installed in England (625 installed)
1958 - Ex-king Norodom Sihanoek appointed premier of Cambodia
1960 - Belgium sends troops to Congo
1960 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Youngstown Kitchens (Trumball Golf Open)
1962 - 32nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at D.C. Stadium, Washington
1962 - All star MVP: Maury Wills (LA Dodgers)
1962 - Martin Luther King Jr arrested during demonstration in Georgia
1962 - Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1964 - Jesus Alou is 1st Giant in 40 years to get 6 hits in a game
1964 - Moise Tsjombe becomes premier of Congo
1965 - Beatles' "Beatles' "VI," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks
1965 - Rolling Stones score their 1st #1, "I Can't Get No Satisfaction"
1966 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Buckeye Savings Golf Invitational
1966 - US launches Orbiter 1 to the Moon
1967 - Bobbie Gentry records "Ode to Billie Joe"
1967 - Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1968 - NL announces break into 2 divisions for 1969
1969 - Chilean Association of Librarians created
1969 - NL votes to split into 2 divisions
1971 - 100th British Golf Open: Lee Trevino shoots a 278 at Royal Birkdale
1971 - Failed attempt on King Hassan II Shirat Morocco, 101 killed
1972 - Democratic convention opens in Miami Beach Florida (McGovern)
1972 - Herd of stampeding elephants kills 24, Chandka Forest India
1973 - Bahamas declares Independence from UK & adopts constitution
1974 - OPEC ends oil boycott against Netherlands
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - Cher files for divorce from Gregg Allman, 10 days after they married
1975 - Gladys Knight & Pips Summer Series premieres on NBC-TV
1975 - Test Cricket debut of Graham Gooch, v Australia, out for a pair
1976 - 105th British Golf Open: Johnny Miller shoots a 279 at Royal Birkdale
1976 - Chemical factory in Milan explodes (dioxane cloud)
1976 - The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy.
1976 - One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
1977 - "Happy End" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 75 performances
1977 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Bankers Trust Golf Classic
1978 - Bloodless military coup in Mauritania
1978 - Military coup in Mauritania, president Moktar flees
1978 - World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
1979 - Chuck Berry sentenced to 4 months for $200,000 in tax evasion
1980 - Ayatollah Khomeini releases Iran hostage Richard I Queen
1980 - Willie Jones hospitalized for heat stroke with record 46.5°C temp
1980 - Alexandra Palace burnt down for a second time.
1981 - CERN achieves 1st proton-antiproton beam collision (570 GeV)
1981 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - Miguel Vasquez makes 1st public quadruple somersault on trapeze
1982 - Rangers Larry Parrish hits his 3rd grand slam of the week
1982 - Samuel Morses "Gallery of the Louvre" sells for $3,250,000
1982 - Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
1985 - Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke
1985 - French agents sink Greenpeace's Rainbow Warrior in NZ
1985 - Playboy publishes full frontal nude pictures of Madonna
1988 - Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1989 - Paula Ivan runs female world record 1 mile (4:15.61)
1990 - 61st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-0 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
1990 - All star MVP: Julio Franco (Texas Rangers)
1990 - Andrew Dice Clay cries on Arsenio Hall Show
1990 - Last day of Test Cricket for Richard Hadlee
1991 - Boris Yeltsin sworn in as 1st elected president of Russian Rep
1991 - L'Express Airlines Beechcraft C-99 crashes in Alabama, killing 13
1992 - John Ellis becomes CEO of Seattle Mariners
1992 - Spaceship Giotto (Halley 1986) approaches comet Grigg-Skjellerup
1992 - SuriPop VII, Suriname Popular Song Festival
1992 - US Major Soccer League folds after 14 seasons
1993 - Melchior Ndadaye becomes 1st Hutu Burundi pres/Sylvie Kinigi, PM
1993 - Yobes Ondieki runs world record 10km (26:58.38)
1994 - "Hedda Gabler" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 33 performances
1994 - Anthrax guitarist Scott Ian weds Debbie Leavitt
1994 - Fred Norris (from the Howard Stern Show) marries Allison Furman
1994 - Kelly Robbins wins Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic by Owens-Corning
1994 - Nepal premier Girija Prasadkoirala resigns
1994 - Sonia O'Sullivan runs female world record 2K (5:25.36)
1997 - Hideki Irabu makes his debut as a NY Yankee, he beats Tigers 10-3
1997 - Louise Woodward's trial begins in Mass, Nanny murder trial
1997 - RJR Nabisco announces it will replace Joe Camel in new ads
1997 - Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
1998 - Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.
2000 - EADS, the world's second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
2000 - A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
2002 - At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth, Lord Thomson.
2003 - A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
2005 - Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.
2006 - Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board.
2008 - Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boskoski is acquitted of all charges by a UN Tribunal accusing him of war crimes.