Famous Events on this Day in History, July 06:1044 - The Battle of Ménfo takes place.
1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.
1253 - Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania.
1348 - Papal bull of Pope Clement VI protecting Jews during the Black Death.
1415 - Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
1483 - England's King Richard III crowned
1484 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
1491 - Opening ceremony of Daitokuji's Shinju at subtemple
1495 - Battle at Fornovo] French king Charles VIII beats St League
1560 - England/Scotland signs Treaty of Edinburgh
1573 - Pacificatie of Boulogne: new peace treaty with huguenots
1573 - Córdoba, Argentina, is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
1590 - English admiral Francis Drake takess Portuguese Forts at Taag
1609 - Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
1621 - Dutch gov-gen John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda-islands, 15,000 die
1630 - Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf land at Peenemunde
1634 - Johan van Walbeecks ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curacao
1641 - Battle at La Marfée Sedan: Earl Soisson beats French govt army
1652 - Fire on Dutch Dam (Amsterdam's city hall burns)
1669 - LaSalle leaves Montreal to explore Ohio River
1673 - French troops conquer Maastricht
1685 - Battle at Sedgemoor: King James II beats duke of Monmouth
1687 - Newton publishes "Principia"
1699 - Pirate Capt William Kidd is captured in Boston
1770 - Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
1775 - Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
1776 - Dec of Ind announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"
1777 - British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
1782 - British-French sea battle at Negapatam (South-Indies)
1785 - Congress resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
1785 - The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States.
1787 - French government proclaims end to stamp/land tax
1787 - Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
1798 - US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
1801 - Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
1840 - Christian Hebbel's "Judith," premieres in Berlin
1848 - Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
1853 - National Black convention meets (Rochester NY)
1853 - William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel," 1st novel by black American
1854 - 1st Republican state convention (Ripon Wisc)
1858 - Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
1862 - Skirmish at Devall's Bluff Arkansas (106 casualties)
1863 - Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
1863 - Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
1864 - Battle of Chattahoochee River, GA [->JUL 10] US730 CS600
1869 - Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
1882 - 14 Russian Jews of Bilu, arrive in Jaffa Palestine
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine
1886 - Horlick's of Wisconsin offers 1st malted milk to public
1887 - 4th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Hillyard (62 60)
1892 - Dr Jose Rizal forms League Filipina
1892 - Striking steel workers in Homestead, Pa fire on scabs, killing 7
1892 - Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
1893 - British King George V marries princess Victoria of Teck (Queen Mary)
1893 - The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.
1894 - Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
1903 - George Wyman arrives in NYC by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
1905 - Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
1908 - Robert Peary's expedition sails from NYC for north pole
1912 - 5th Olympic games in Stockholm opens
1912 - Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
1917 - T E Lawrence captures Port of Agaba from Turkey
1919 - British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)
1919 - William Veeck, sportswriter, replaces Fred Mitchell as Cubs president
1920 - Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
1922 - Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy
1923 - 36th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (62 62)
1923 - Union of Soviet Socialist Republics form
1924 - 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, US-England
1928 - 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
1928 - Worlds largest record hailstone 1.5 lbs (7 inchs in diameter)) at the time falls in Potter Nebraska
1929 - St Louis has 2, 10 run innings & beats Phillies 28-6
1931 - 35th US Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
1932 - 1st class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
1932 - Cubs shortstop Bill Jurges is shot twice in Chicago hotel room by a spurned girlfriend, Violet Popovich Valli
1933 - 1st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at Comiskey Park, Chicago
1935 - 48th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats H Jacobs (63 36 75)
1935 - Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens
1936 - 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
1936 - 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
1936 - A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
1938 - 6th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
1939 - German Nazi's close last Jewish enterprises
1941 - NY Yankees unveil a monument to Lou Gehrig in centerfield
1942 - 10th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, New York
1942 - Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
1942 - Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
1943 - 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
1943 - US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched
1944 - 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn
1944 - French General De Gaulle arrives in Washington, DC
1944 - US General Patton lands in France
1945 - Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to formally accept UN Charter
1945 - Pres Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
1945 - Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
1946 - "St Louis Woman" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 113 perfs
1946 - 53rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Louise Brough (62 64)
1946 - 60th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Yvon Petra beats G Brown (62 64 79 57 64)
1947 - The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
1949 - Cin Red Walker Cooper gets 10 RBIs
1949 - Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
1950 - German DR recognizes Oder-Neisse borders with Poland
1951 - 65th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Dick Savitt beats Ken McGregor (64 64 64)
1952 - Last tram ride in London
1954 - Elvis Presley records his 1st hit, "That's All Right"
1954 - KMOS TV channel 6 in Sedalia-Warrensburg, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Tunisian govt of M'zali, resigns
1956 - 70th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Lew Hoad beats Ken Rosewall (62 46 75 64)
1956 - 85th British Golf Open: Peter Thomson shoots a 286 at Hoylake England
1956 - Ford Frick inaugurates Cy Young Award, to honor to outstanding pitcher
1956 - Indians' Jim Busby hits a grand slam in two consecutive at bats
1957 - 64th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Althea Gibson beats Darlene Hard (63 62)
1957 - Beatle John Lennon 1st meets Paul McCartney
1957 - Harry S Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri
1958 - Adolfo Lopez Mateos elected pres of Mexico
1958 - Alaska becomes 49th state
1959 - 5th LPGA Championship won by Betsy Rawls
1959 - Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
1959 - WENH TV channel 11 in Durham, NH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
1961 - Portuguese ship explode near Mozambique, kills 300
1962 - 76th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rod Laver beats Martin Mulligan (62 62 61)
1962 - Emir Said al-Djazairi takes van Algerian throne in Syria
1962 - Mantle hits his 3rd & 4th consecutive homer
1962 - Nuclear test shot Sedan; part of Operation Plowshare.
1963 - 70th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Smith beats Billie J King (63 64)
1963 - 77th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: C McKinley beats Fred Stolle (97 61 64)
1963 - South African worker's union leader Billy Nair arrested
1964 - Beatles' film "Hard Day's Night" premieres in London
1964 - Malawi (formerly Nyasaland) declares independence from UK
1965 - Rock group "Jefferson Airplane" forms
1966 - Malawi becomes a republic, Dr Hastings Kamuzu Banda becomes pres
1967 - Biafran War erupts as Nigerian forces invade
1968 - 75th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats J Tegart (97 75)
1968 - Sacharov publishes "Manifest of 10,000 words"
1969 - Filming begins on "Ned Kelly" starring Mick Jagger
1969 - Frente Obrero y Liberacion (FOL) forms in Curacao
1970 - California passes 1st "no fault" divorce law
1970 - Italian Rumor govt resigns
1971 - Dr Hastings Kamuzu Banda sworn in as President for Life of Malawi
1971 - White House Plumbers unit formed to plug news leaks
1974 - 88th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats K Rosewall (61 61 64)
1975 - Argentine government falls
1975 - Comoros declare independence from France (most of them)
1975 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes Sonate for alto opus 147
1975 - Susie McAllister wins LPGA Wheeling Ladies Golf Classic
1976 - Soyuz 21 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 5 space station
1977 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1978 - Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Moslem West Beirut
1978 - The Taunton sleeping car fire occurred in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people.
1979 - 86th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Chris Evert (64 64)
1979 - IRA-bomb explodes in British consulate in Antwerp
1980 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1980 - Steve Carlton (14-4) pitches most strikeouts by a lefty (2,836)
1983 - 54th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-3 at Comiskey Park, Chicago
1983 - Supreme Court rules retirement plans can't pay women less
1983 - Fred Lynn of Angels hits All Star game 1st grand slam (AL wins 13-3)
1986 - 100th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Boris Becker beats Ivan Lendl (64 63 75)
1986 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Mazda Hall of Fame Golf Championship
1986 - Bob Horner becomes 11th player to hit 4 home runs in a game
1986 - Ex-minister Arturo Tolentino failed coup in Philippines
1986 - Premier Nakasones Liberal Democr Party wins Japan's election
1987 - 1st of 3 massacres by Sikh extremists takes place in India
1987 - Pakistan score their 1st innings win over England, at Leeds
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test
1988 - Carlos Salinas de Gortari elected president of Mexico
1988 - North Sea oil platform Piper Alpha explodes, 166 die
1988 - Wrestler Jake Roberts convicted of battery
1989 - Despite retiring May 29, Mike Schmidt elected to start All Star game
1989 - US marshals & FCC seize pirate radio station WHOT in Brooklyn
1990 - "Jetson's the Movie" with Tiffany, premieres
1990 - After pitching a no-hitter lose, NY Yankee Andy Hawkins pitches a complete 12 inn game & loses 2-0
1991 - 98th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats G Sabatini (64 36 86)
1992 - Fay Vincent realigns NL, putting Cubs, Cards & Rockies in West & Cards, Braves & Marlins in East
1993 - Graham Thorpe scores 114 on Test Cricket debut, England v Australia
1993 - John F Kennedy Jr, gives notice of quitting as ADA in Manhattan
1994 - Irina Privalova runs 100m European Record (10.77)
1994 - Lerou Burrell runs world record 100m (9.85)
1994 - Shreveport Pirates 1st CFL game (vs Ottawa)
1995 - Lottie Dod, 15, beats Blanch Bingley at Wimbledon
1996 - 103rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: S Graf beats Aranxta S Vicaro (63, 75)
1996 - Yankee John Weteland sets record of 20th cons saves en route to 24
1997 - "Dream-Johnny Mercer Musical," closes at Royale NYC after 109 perfs
1997 - 111th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats C Pioline (64 62 64)
1997 - Jamie Farr Kroger Classic
1997 - Kelly Robbins wins LPGA Jamie Farr Kroger Classic
1997 - Montreal Expos retire Andre Dawson's uniform #10
1997 - Wimbledon Gigi Fernandez & Natasha Zvereva beat N Arendt & M Bollegraf
1998 - Hong Kong's Kai Tak Airport is closed and the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok becomes operational.
1999 - U.S. Army private Barry Winchell dies from baseball-bat injuries inflicted in his sleep the previous day by fellow soldiers for his relationship with transgendered showgirl and former Navy combat medic, Calpernia Addams.
2003 - The 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message Cosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively.
2006 - The Nathula Pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.
2009 - Jadranka Kosor became first female Prime minister of Croatia.