Famous Events on this Day in History, July 04:

836 - Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
993 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized.
1054 - Brightest known super-nova (Crab Nebula) starts shining (23 days)
1120 - Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death.
1187 - Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon
1301 - Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg
1359 - Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
1415 - Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII
1453 - 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
1534 - Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.
1610 - Battle at Klushino: King Sigismund II beats Russian & Sweden
1634 - The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec.
1636 - City of Providence, Rhode Island form
1652 - Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
1653 - British Barebones Parliament goes into session
1672 - States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
1693 - Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army
1708 - Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
1754 - George Washington gives Ft Necessity to France
1774 - Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts
1776 - Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain
1779 - French fleet occupies Grenada
1789 - 1st US tariff act
1796 - 1st Independence Day celebration is held
1802 - US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)
1803 - The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
1810 - French troops occupy Amsterdam
1817 - Construction on Erie Canal begins
1819 - William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
1827 - Slavery abolished in NY
1828 - Construction begins on B & O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
1829 - Cornerstone laid for 1st US mint (Chestnut & Juniper St, Phila)
1831 - "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)" is 1st sung in Boston
1832 - "America" 1st sung publicly
1836 - Wisconsin Territory forms
1837 - Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
1840 - The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end.
1845 - Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
1845 - Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
1855 - In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, titled Leaves of Grass, is published.
1859 - Austro-Sardinian War: the Battle of Magenta.
1861 - In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
1861 - Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, WV
1862 - Battle at Green River Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
1862 - Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P Liddell
1862 - Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
1862 - R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
1863 - Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
1863 - Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
1863 - General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg
1863 - Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
1863 - Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
1864 - -9] Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia
1865 - 1st edition of "Alice in Wonderland" is published
1866 - Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Mainee, US
1868 - Battle at Ueno: last Tokugawa armies defeated
1873 - Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens
1874 - Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
1875 - White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
1876 - 1st public exhibition of electric light in SF
1876 - Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
1879 - Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
1879 - Battle at Rorkes Drift: Britain ends attack on Zulus
1881 - Booker T Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)
1882 - Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in SF
1883 - Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
1884 - 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
1884 - Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris
1886 - 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Pt Moody, BC
1887 - The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
1888 - 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Ariz
1889 - Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
1892 - James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
1892 - Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.
1894 - Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
1894 - Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
1895 - Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
1898 - French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
1898 - US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
1903 - Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, Pres TR sends message
1905 - Phila A's beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game
1906 - Gr Brit, France & Italy grant Independence to Ethiopia
1907 - Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1908 - NY Giant George "Hooks" Witse no-hits Phila Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn
1910 - Jack Johnson KOs James J Jeffries in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1911 - 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
1911 - 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
1911 - Ty Cobb goes 0 for 4 & ends a 40 game hit streak
1911 - White Sox Ed Walsh stops Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak
1912 - Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
1912 - Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
1913 - 37th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A F Wilding beats McLoughlin (86 63 10-8)
1914 - 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
1918 - Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
1918 - Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
1919 - ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
1919 - Cincinnati Reds are 10½ games back in NL, & win World Series
1919 - Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship
1923 - Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1925 - 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
1925 - 45th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats J Borotra (63 63 46 86)
1925 - Yanks Lefty Grove beats A's Herb Pennock 1-0 in 15 innings
1926 - Baronie soccer team forms in Breda Neth
1926 - NSDAP-party forms in Weimar
1927 - Ir Sukarno forms PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia
1927 - First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
1929 - AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down
1930 - 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan (62 62)
1931 - 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
1931 - 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
1932 - Bradman scores 260, a North American record, v Western Ontario
1933 - Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
1934 - Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
1934 - Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
1936 - 49th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Hull Jacobs beats H Sperling (62 46 75)
1936 - League of Nations starts sanctions against Italy
1938 - 1st game at Shribe Park, Phila; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
1938 - France-Turkish friendship treaty
1939 - Red Sox Jim Tabor hits 2 grand slams in 1 game
1939 - Yankees retire 1st uniform (Lou Gehrig #4), 1st Old Timers Day
1940 - British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
1940 - German occupiers forbids anti-nazis speeches
1941 - Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
1941 - Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes
1941 - Howard Florey & Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin
1942 - 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)
1942 - US air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
1944 - 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
1944 - 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima
1944 - Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
1944 - Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
1946 - Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
1946 - Philippines gains independence from US
1947 - 61st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom P Brown (61 63 62)
1950 - Braves Sid Gordon ties season grand slam record with 4
1950 - Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own constitution)
1950 - The first broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
1952 - 66th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Sedgman beats J Drobny (46 62 63 62)
1952 - Canadain Currency, Mint & Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
1953 - 60th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats D Hart (86 75)
1953 - Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
1954 - WMSL (WYUR, now WAFF) TV channel 48 in Huntsville, AL (ABC) begins
1954 - West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 for soccer's 5th World Cup in Bern
1956 - Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
1956 - US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
1957 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase
1958 - 72nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A Cooper beats N Fraser (36 63 64 13-11)
1959 - 66th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Darlene Hard (64 63)
1959 - America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
1959 - Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
1960 - 6th LPGA Championship won by Mickey Wright
1960 - America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
1960 - Mickey Mantle is 18th to hit 300 HRs
1961 - Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebuild Hills at Skørping in Denmark
1962 - Island Records begins
1962 - KIKU (now KHNL) TV channel 13 in Honolulu, HI (IND) 1st broadcast
1964 - 71st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats M Court (64 79 63)
1964 - Beachboy's "I Get Around" reaches #1
1965 - 20th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Carol Mann
1966 - Beatles attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos
1966 - LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act
1967 - Opening ceremony of Tassajara Zen Mountain Center
1967 - Phillies Clay Dairymple ties NL record of 6 walks in doubleheader
1968 - Arthur Kopit's "Indians," premieres in London
1968 - Radio astronomy satellite Explorer 38 launched
1969 - "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band is released in UK
1969 - 140,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival featuring Led Zep & Janis Joplin
1969 - 76th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Ann Jones beats Billie J King (36 63 62)
1969 - Italian Rumor govt resigns
1969 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - The Ohio Fireworks Derecho kills 18 Ohioans and destroys over 100 boats on Lake Erie.
1970 - 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park NJ
1970 - 84th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Newcombe beats K Rosewall (57 63 62 36 61)
1970 - Casey Kasem's "American Top 40" debuts on LA radio
1970 - Chartered Dan-Air Comet crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 112 vacationing Britons
1971 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1973 - Alan Ayckbourne's "Absurd Person Singular," premieres in London
1973 - CARICOM - Caribbean Community & Common Market, forms
1973 - In audience with Italian cyclists, Pope Paul VI praises athletes who "offer the magnificent show of a healthy, strong, generous youth"
1974 - Mike Marshall goes 9-0 with 3 saves in 20 appearances in 30 days
1975 - 82nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Goolagong (60 61)
1975 - Ted Bundy victim Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah
1975 - Fictional wedding date of Coneheads
1976 - Opening ceremony of the Dai Bosatsu monastery Catskill Mt NY
1976 - Raid on Entebbe-Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers
1976 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Bloomington Golf Classic Bicentennial
1977 - Cubs use fielder Larry Bittner as a pitcher
1977 - Nigel Harrison replaces Gary Valentine as bassist of Blondie
1977 - Red Sox wallop a major league-record 8 HRs beating Toronto 9-6
1978 - Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
1979 - Algerian ex-president Ben Bella freed
1980 - Nolan Ryan is 4th to strikeout 3,000
1981 - 95th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats B Borg (46 76 76 64)
1981 - Clive Rice 105* out of 143 all out, Notts v Hants at Bournemouth
1982 - 10th du Maurier Golf Classic (Peter Jackson Classic): Sandra Haynie
1982 - 4th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 4 lands at Edwards AFB
1982 - 96th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Connors beats J McEnroe (36 63 67 76 64)
1982 - Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado elected president of Mexico
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 - Yankees bat out of order against Indians in 1st inning
1983 - NY Yankee Dave Righetti no-hits the Red Sox
1984 - Funeral for S Nakagawa & burial half his ashes next to N Senzaki
1984 - Kallicharran gets 206 & 6-32 in a NatWest Trophy game
1984 - NY Yankee Phil Niekro is 9th to strikeout 3,000
1984 - Yuri Sedykh of USSR throws hammer a record 86.33 m
1985 - Tinker Bell's nightly flight begins
1987 - 94th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Steffi Graf (75 63)
1987 - Discovery moves to Launch Pad 39B for STS-26 mission
1987 - Imran Khan takes 300th Test Cricket wicket, only Pakistani to do so
1987 - Nazi Klaus Barbie, "Butcher of Lyon" sentenced to life in France
1988 - 102nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Stefan Edberg beats Becker (46 76 64 62)
1988 - KC releases pitcher Dan Quisenberry, whose 238 saves are the 4th most
1988 - US navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290
1989 - 14 year old actress Drew Barrymore, attempts suicide
1989 - Unmanned Russian Mig-23 crashes in Bellegem-Kooigem, Belgium (1 dies)
1989 - Red's Tom Browning is 3 outs away from his 2nd career perfect game when Phillie Dickie Thon doubles
1990 - 400 New Kids on the Block fans treated for heat exhaustion in Minn
1990 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1990 - Wrestler Brutus Beefcake injured during para-sailing
1990 - 2 Live Crew release "Banned in the USA" the lyrics quote Star Spangled Banner & Gettysburg Address
1992 - 99th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (62 61)
1992 - John Phillips, rocker (Mamas & Papas), undergoes a liver transplant
1992 - US actress Bobbie Eakes marries author David Stone
1993 - 107th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Courier (76 76 36 63)
1993 - Brandie Burton wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1993 - Dave Winfield hits 442nd HR to move into 19th place
1993 - Pilar Fort, crowned 25th Miss Black America
1993 - Pizza Hut blimp deflates & lands safely on W 56th street in NYC
1994 - Russian manned space craft TM-18, lands
1994 - Rwandese Patriot Front occupies Kigali
1994 - US loses to Brazil 1-0 in 1994 World Cup quarter finals
1995 - Birmingham Barracudas play 1st CFL game (vs Winnipeg)
1996 - Hot Mail, a free internet E-mail service begins
1997 - US space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars
2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
2005 - The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
2006 - Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission - Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
2006 - North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan/East Sea.
2009 - The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after 8 years, due to security reasons following the World Trade Center attacks.
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