Famous Events on this Day in History, July 02:

310 - Pope Miltiades is elected.
311 - St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
626 - In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin's father abdicates in his favour and Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China.
706 - In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang has the remains of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, his wife and recently-deceased ruling empress Wu Zetian, her son Li Xian, her grandson Li Chongrun, and granddaughter Li Xianhui all interred in a new tomb complex outside Chang'an known as the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang.
963 - The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
1140 - Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht
1214 - Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers)
1214 - English king John begins siege around Lille France
1298 - Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I
1555 - Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
1561 - Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
1576 - Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
1578 - Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
1582 - Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
1600 - Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
1613 - The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall.
1644 - Battle of Marston Moor: Parliamentary forces defeat royalists
1679 - Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
1681 - Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason
1687 - King James II disbands English parliament
1698 - Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
1776 - NJ gave all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds right to vote
1776 - Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"
1777 - Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
1787 - De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
1794 - 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
1808 - Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
1823 - Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
1843 - An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
1847 - Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps, still exists today
1849 - Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
1850 - Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
1858 - Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
1861 - Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
1862 - Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
1863 - R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
1864 - Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Wash DC
1864 - Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
1865 - William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
1867 - 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
1870 - Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
1881 - Pres Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
1885 - Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
1890 - Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
1894 - Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
1900 - Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
1900 - Sibelius' "Finlandia," premieres in Helsinki
1900 - First zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1901 - Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
1902 - John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)
1903 - AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
1903 - Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
1906 - Yanks win by forfeit, for their 1st time
1916 - Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
1916 - Russian offensive in Armenia
1917 - Riots in East St Louis Mo
1921 - 41st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: B Tilden beats B Norton (46 26 61 60 75)
1921 - Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)
1926 - US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized
1927 - 40th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (62 64)
1927 - Earthquake hits Palestine
1928 - British parliament accept female sufferage
1932 - 52nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H Austin (64 62 60)
1932 - FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech
1933 - Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
1934 - General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
1935 - Great Britain boxers beat US team in 1st intl Golden Gloves
1937 - 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
1937 - Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
1938 - 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (64 60)
1940 - Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
1940 - Hitler orders invasion of England (Operation Sealion)
1940 - Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated
1940 - PM Churchill meets gen-mjr B Montgomery
1940 - Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
1941 - DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
1941 - Earthquake hits Palestine
1941 - Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
1941 - Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit," premieres in London
1943 - Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
1943 - Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0
1943 - Lt Charles Hall, becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane
1944 - Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
1946 - Dutch Beel govt forms
1946 - Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam
1947 - Military coup discovered in France
1948 - 62nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (75 06 62 36 75)
1949 - "High Button Shoes" closes at Century Theater NYC after 727 perfs
1949 - "Red Barber's Clubhouse" sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
1949 - 56th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: L Brough beats M duPont (10-8 16 10-8)
1950 - Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
1950 - Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan burns down.
1950 - Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
1951 - Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
1951 - Bob & Ray show premieres on NBC radio
1951 - Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
1951 - Island advisor of Curacao installed
1951 - Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
1952 - Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
1952 - Zulu-leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi marries Irene Mzila
1954 - 68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 46 62 97)
1954 - Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
1955 - "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
1955 - "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
1955 - "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
1955 - 10th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Fay Crocker
1955 - 62nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats B Fleitz (75 86)
1955 - Desmond Tutu marries Leah Nomalizo Shinxani
1956 - Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" & "Don't Be Cruel"
1956 - US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1957 - 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
1957 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 - "Plan 9 From Outer Space," one of the worse films ever, premieres
1959 - Prince Albert marries Princess Paola in Brussels
1960 - "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 perfs
1961 - Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers
1962 - Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow
1962 - Fidel Castro visits Moscow
1963 - Giant Willie Mays' HR in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves
1963 - Juan Marichal (Giants) beats Warren Spahn (Braves), 1-0 in 16 innings
1964 - Cilla Black records Beatle's "Its For You," McCartney plays piano
1964 - Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers
1964 - Pres Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law
1965 - 79th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64)
1966 - 1st France nuclear explosion on Mururoa atoll
1966 - 73rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie J King beats Frasier (63 36 61)
1966 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1967 - 22nd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste
1967 - Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women's open golf tournament
1969 - Ireland bowl out WI for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
1969 - Leslie West & Felix Pappalardi form rock group Mountain
1970 - 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels
1970 - NY Yankees Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for 3rd time in 28 days
1971 - 78th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats M Smith (64 61)
1971 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1972 - "Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 3242 perfs
1972 - 27th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
1972 - Bob Seagren pole vaults world record 5.63m
1972 - India & Pakistan sign peace accord
1973 - James R Schlesinger, ends term as 9th director of CIA
1973 - Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
1974 - Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
1976 - 83rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Chris Evert beats E Goolagong (63 46 86)
1976 - Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam
1976 - Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
1977 - 91st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64)
1978 - Pitcher Ron Guidry sets Yankee record of 13-0 start
1979 - Susan B Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman
1980 - Grateful Dead's Bob Weir & Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement
1980 - Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr
1982 - Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000'
1982 - Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth
1983 - 90th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats A Jaeger (60 63)
1985 - Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
1985 - European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)
1986 - After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year
1986 - General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
1986 - Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings
1987 - Jim Eisenreich, comeback after nervous disorder in 1984
1987 - Nilde Iotti is named as the first female President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
1988 - 95th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (57 62 61)
1989 - 10th US Seniors Golf Open: Orville Moody
1989 - 17th du Maurier Golf Classic: Tammie Green
1990 - Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering
1990 - Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
1991 - Riot at Guns N' Roses concert in St Louis
1992 - Braniff Airlines goes out of business
1993 - Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die
1993 - F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die
1993 - Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder
1993 - Moslem fundamentalists in Sivas Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36
1993 - NY Met Anthony Young loses a record 25th straight game (goes to 27)
1993 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test
1994 - 101st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: C Martinez beats Navratilova (64 36 63)
1994 - 37 dies in US Air DC-9 crash in NC
1994 - John Wayne Bobbitt & Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery
1994 - Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire
1994 - US Air DC-9 crash in NC, 37 killed
1995 - "Rose Tattoo" closes at Circle in the Square NYC after 80 perfs
1995 - 16th US Seniors Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf
1995 - Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1995 - Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election
2000 - Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
2001 - AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
2002 - Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
2003 - Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a "kapo" during a session of the European Parliament.
2004 - ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member.¨
2008 - Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces.
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