Famous Events on this Day in History, July 01:

69 - Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria
70 - Titus sets up batterig rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem
251 - The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
649 - Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
1097 - 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
1200 - In China, sunglasses are invented
1233 - Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
1252 - King Alfonso X "el Sabio" of Castile/Leon crowned
1253 - Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
1347 - Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha to daughter of Jan III
1390 - French & Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
1517 - 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
1517 - Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
1535 - Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
1543 - England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1569 - Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
1600 - Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Neth
1656 - 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
1674 - Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
1689 - Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
1690 - Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army
1690 - Army of England's Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
1745 - Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle [OS]
1747 - Battle at Lafeld: France beat English/Dutch army
1776 - 1st vote on Declaration of Independence
1782 - American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1795 - John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
1798 - Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt
1810 - Louis Napoleon resigns as king of the Netherlands
1816 - Fr frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's "Raft of the Medusa"
1820 - 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published"
1823 - 9th Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
1823 - United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
1831 - Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
1839 - Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
1847 - 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
1850 - At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
1858 - 1st Canadian coins minted (1 cent, 5 c]cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1859 - 1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
1859 - Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
1861 - 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
1861 - War Dept decrees the KA & TN are to be canvassed for volunteers
1862 - Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confed superior power driven out
1862 - Battle of Malvern Hill, VA (Harrison's Landing, Crew's Farm)
1862 - Congress outlaws polygamy (1st time); bad news for Utah
1862 - Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Day 7 of Seven Days US15,249 CS17,583
1862 - Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
1862 - Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1862 - Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
1862 - The Russian State Library is founded.
1863 - -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
1863 - Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
1863 - Slavery abolished in Suriname & Netherlands Antilles
1864 - Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS---
1867 - Dominion of Canada forms (New Bruns, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec)
1869 - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
1869 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
1870 - James W Smith of SC is 1st black to enter West Point
1871 - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
1873 - Henry Flipper of Ga is 2nd black to enter West Point
1873 - Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
1874 - 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
1874 - 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
1874 - 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
1875 - Universal Postal Union established
1877 - 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
1878 - Treaty of Berlin divide Africa up for colonization
1878 - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1879 - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
1879 - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
1881 - 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
1881 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
1881 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
1883 - ANWB forms in Utrecht
1885 - The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1889 - Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti
1889 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
1890 - Great-Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
1890 - Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
1893 - SF Bay City Club opens 1st US bicycle race track, made of wood
1896 - Harbor of Ymuiden opens
1896 - Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier
1897 - Bronx acquires Hutton Square
1898 - Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
1899 - Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
1899 - SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
1902 - Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
1903 - 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
1904 - 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis
1907 - World's 1st air force established (US Army)
1910 - Chicago's Comiskey Park opens - St Louis Browns beat White Sox 2-0
1910 - Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
1910 - White Sox Park (Comiskey Park) opens with 2-0 loss to Browns
1911 - German boat Panther nears for Agadir Morocco
1911 - Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins
1913 - Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
1915 - Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
1915 - Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
1916 - Battle on the Somme: British 4th Army walks to German lines
1916 - British court martial (Easter uprising)
1916 - Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
1916 - Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary `Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver Colo
1916 - Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR
1917 - 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
1917 - Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
1917 - Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
1917 - Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
1919 - 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
1919 - Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
1920 - Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
1921 - The Communist Party of China is founded.
1923 - 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
1924 - Light Brigade forms
1924 - Through regular transcontinental airmail service forms, NYC-SF
1925 - NY Giant Hack Wilson hits 2 HRs in 3rd inning beating Phillies, 16-7
1925 - SDAP wins 4 chairs in Second-Parliamentary election
1925 - Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK
1926 - Canada restores gold standard
1929 - US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
1929 - US cartoonist Elzie Segar creates "Popeye"
1930 - Great-Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
1931 - Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
1931 - Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
1931 - Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
1931 - Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
1932 - 45th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (63 61)
1932 - NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Dem Convention in Chicago
1932 - NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
1933 - German nazi regime decides married women shouldn't work
1933 - Strauss & von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden
1933 - The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
1934 - 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
1935 - General Neth Persbureau (ANP) forms in Amsterdam
1936 - AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
1936 - Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
1937 - Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
1937 - Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
1937 - Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
1938 - 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
1940 - Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
1941 - 1st coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC
1941 - Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
1941 - Joe Dimaggio on way to 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game hit streak
1941 - WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1941 - WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in NYC (NBC) begins broadcasting
1942 - German troops conquer Sebastopol
1943 - "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
1944 - 2500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
1944 - Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank
1944 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
1944 - General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
1944 - US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
1944 - Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Signs peace, idiots!"
1945 - 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
1945 - 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
1945 - Allies troop land on Balikpapan
1946 - Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown
1946 - US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
1947 - 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
1947 - Brit Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
1948 - Bradman scores 128 Australia v Surrey, 141 mins, 15 fours
1948 - Brooklyn's Roy Campanella debuts as catcher
1948 - NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
1949 - 63rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ted Schroeder beat Drobny (36 60 63 46 64)
1949 - Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
1949 - WBRC TV channel 6 in Birmingham, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - WCCO TV channel 4 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - "Lost in the Stars" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 281 perfs
1950 - 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
1950 - NYC bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
1950 - WHBF TV channel 4 in Rock Island, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1951 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller, 3rd no-hitter beats Det Tigers, 2-1
1953 - KLAS TV channel 8 in Las Vegas, NV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTVH (now KWCH) TV channel 12 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (CBS) begins
1954 - Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 HRs for record 3 HRs in his 1st 2 days
1954 - Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 yrs 352, then world record
1954 - WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - 69th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen (63 75 61)
1955 - KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1956 - Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
1956 - Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
1957 - International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
1957 - WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, MA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
1959 - Heinrich Lubke elected pres of West-Germany
1959 - Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West-Germany
1959 - WVTV TV channel 18 in Milwaukee, WI (IND) begins broadcasting
1959 - World Refugee Year begins
1959 - The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
1960 - Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense," premieres in Basel
1960 - British Somaliland becomes Somalia
1960 - Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba
1960 - Ghana becomes a republic
1960 - Italian Somaliland gains independence, unites with Somali Republic
1960 - No passports needed inside Benelux
1960 - USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
1961 - 16th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1961 - Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
1961 - KNDU TV channel 25 in Richland-Pasco-Kennew, WA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1962 - Algeria votes for independence
1962 - Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)
1963 - Beatles record "She Loves You" & "I'll Get You"
1963 - Pres Kennedy arrives in Rome
1963 - US postal service institutes (Zone Improvement Plan) zip code
1963 - ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.
1965 - FC Twente '65 Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1965 - KUID TV channel 12 in Moscow, ID (PBS) begins broadcasting
1965 - Kinderstraf trial starts
1966 - 80th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: M Santana beats D Ralston (64 11-9 64)
1966 - Construction crews begin tearing up Market St to build BART
1966 - Explorer 33 launched
1966 - Medicare goes into effect
1966 - VVV soccer team forms in Venlo
1966 - The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.
1967 - "Funny Girl" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 1348 perfs
1967 - 1st British color TV broadcast, on BBC 2
1967 - BBC starts their World Radio Club
1967 - Beatles' "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," goes #1 for 15 weeks
1967 - Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867.
1968 - Bob Gibson's streak of 47 2/3 inn scoreless streak ends on wild pitch
1968 - Fortuna Sittard soccer team forms in Sittard
1968 - John Lennon's 1st full art exhibition (You are Here)
1968 - US, Britain, USSR & 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
1968 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1968 - The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
1968 - Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
1969 - Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales
1969 - John & Yoko are hospitalized after a car crash
1969 - Shelby Singleton buys Sun Records from Sam Phillips
1970 - Denny McLain returns, (leaves trailiing) Tigers beat Yankees in 11
1970 - FC Utrecht soccer team forms in Utrecht
1970 - Jimi Hendrix 1st recording session (NYC)
1971 - British & Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
1971 - Debt raised to build San Franisco's Golden Gate Bridge paid off
1971 - State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
1972 - "Follies" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 524 performances
1972 - "Hair" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 1750 performances
1972 - Ms. magazine begins publishing
1972 - The first Gay Pride march in England takes place.
1973 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 711 perfs
1973 - 1st US-China basketball game, US collegiates beats Shanghai 96-61
1973 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
1974 - 1st Laura Ashley-store in US opens (SF)
1974 - General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
1974 - Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as pres of Argentina
1974 - Monmouthshire renamed Gwent & becomes part of Wales
1975 - Muhammad Ali beats Joe Bugner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1975 - Ringo Starr & Maureen, divorce
1975 - WEDway People Mover inaugurated
1976 - Kenneth Gibson, is 1st black president of US Conference of Mayors
1976 - Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
1977 - 84th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Virginia Wade beats B Stove (46 63 61)
1977 - FC Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam Neth
1977 - Marlies Gohr runs Europen record 100m (10.88 sec)
1978 - "Act" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 233 performances
1978 - Former Pres Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974
1978 - Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
1979 - Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6" of snow
1979 - Vicki Fergon wins LPGA Lady Stroh's Golf Open
1979 - Sony introduces the Walkman.
1980 - Steve Overt runs world record 3:48.8 mile in Oslo
1980 - O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1981 - Laurel Canyon Calif murders (4 die, 1 wounded)
1981 - NEC soccer team forms in Nijmegen
1981 - Nell Dunn's "Steaming," premieres in London
1981 - Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam
1981 - Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3
1982 - 2,100 Unification church couples wed in NYC
1982 - ABC national music radio network scheduled premiere (never happened)
1982 - Cal Ripken's 1st game
1982 - Challenger moves overland to Dryden
1982 - General Reynaldo Bignone sworn in as president of Argentina
1982 - Kosmos 1383, 1st search & rescue satellite, launched
1982 - Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at NY MSG
1982 - PEC Swells '82 soccer team forms in Swells
1983 - Arbitrator Raymond Goetz rules 43 players who are on Disabled List during 1981 players' strike not entitled to salaries for that period
1984 - "Baby" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 241 performances
1984 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1984 - Royals pitcher Paul Splittorff, retires
1984 - The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
1987 - Bork nominated to Supreme Court, rejected in Oct by senate
1987 - NYC radio station WFAN-AM becomes 1st 24 hour all sports radio
1987 - WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WFAN (now WEVD) replacing WHN's country music, WYNY-FM adopts country music format
1989 - Hugh Hefner (Playboy editor) weds playmate Kimberly Conrad
1989 - NFL owners vote unanimously to form WLAF
1989 - Yanks beat Milwaukee Brewers 4-1, score is changed to 5-1 after game is over. Umpire rules Roberto Kelly scored before a double-play
1990 - 11th US Seniors Golf Open: Lee Trevino
1990 - 18th du Maurier Golf Classic: Cathy Johnston
1990 - 1st Zen winter session in Sydney Zen Center's Gorrick's Run Zendo
1990 - Despite Andy Hawkins no-hitting White Sox, Yankees lose 4-0
1990 - Dordrecht '90 soccer team forms in Dordrecht
1990 - FC Swells soccer team forms in Swells
1990 - German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency
1990 - In Victoria, Australia, helmetless bike riding becomes illegal
1990 - NY Yankee Andy Hawkins throws no-hitter in Comiskey Park, losing 4-0
1992 - 6.6 earthquake in Big Bear Valley of Los Angeles
1992 - Ali Kafi becomes president of Algeria
1992 - Fox broadcasting adds Wednesday night TV programming
1993 - 1 second is added to the clock
1993 - Russian manned space craft TM-17, launches into orbit
1993 - STS-57 (Endeavour) lands
1994 - Fokker's-28 crashes at Tidjikja, Mauritania (94 killed)
1994 - Roman Herzog sworn in as German president
1994 - Soyuz TM-19 launches
1994 - Yassar Arafat returns to Gaza strip
1995 - "Kiss of the Spider Woman" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 906 perfs
1995 - Kiersten Rickenbach, of NJ, crowned America's Junior Miss
1996 - Kevan James scores 103 & takes 4 wkts in 4 balls, Hants v Ind
1996 - NHL Winnipeg Jets officially become the Phoenix Coyotes
1996 - Placido Domingo becomes art director of Washington Opera
1996 - WBSI TV replaces WNYC on channel 31 in NYC
1997 - Nevada Athletic Commission suspends Mike Tyson for biting Holyfield
1997 - STS 94 (Columbia 23) launches into orbit
1997 - UK returns Hong Kong to China
1999 - The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
2000 - The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic.
2000 - Vermont's civil unions law goes into effect.
2002 - The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
2002 - A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
2004 - Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.
2006 - The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China.
2007 - Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. The ban is also put into effect in Australia.
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