Famous Events on this Day in History, June 26:

363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
684 - St Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1284 - Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)
1409 - Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
1483 - Duke of Gloucester appoints himself English king Richard III
1483 - Richard III usurps English throne
1498 - Toothbrush invented
1541 - Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.
1553 - Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
1630 - Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf lands at Peenemunde
1714 - Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
1718 - Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
1721 - Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
1723 - After a lasting siege and bombardment by cannons, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
1794 - Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
1797 - Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
1807 - Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
1843 - Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
1844 - US pres John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in NYC
1848 - 1st pure food law enacted in US
1848 - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
1857 - 62 receive Victoria Cross
1857 - Cawnpore England massacre
1862 - Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
1862 - Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
1862 - US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
1870 - 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
1870 - Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
1870 - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
1879 - Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
1894 - Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto
1896 - 1st movie theater in US opens, charging 10 cents for admission
1900 - Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
1902 - Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)
1906 - Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
1907 - Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
1909 - 23rd US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss beats Maud Barger-Wallach (60 61)
1909 - Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
1910 - 24th US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss Wightman beats L Hammond (64 62)
1910 - Hazel Hotchkiss wins US Lawn Tennis Assn championship
1911 - Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)
1912 - Gustav Mahlers 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
1915 - Germany suppresses its "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
1916 - Cleveland Indians experiment with #s on their jerseys (one game)
1917 - 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
1919 - NY Daily News begins publishing
1924 - After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
1924 - Ziegfeld Follies opens on Broadway
1927 - Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
1927 - The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
1929 - ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)
1934 - FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934 - Germany & Poland sign no-attack treaty
1934 - W E B Du Bois resigns position at NAACP
1935 - Andrew Sandham's 100th FC hundred, 103 v Hants
1935 - Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
1935 - SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
1935 - Work service for recent graduate obligatory in Germany
1936 - 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
1936 - Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
1937 - Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
1938 - Cin Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
1940 - End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
1941 - Finland enters WW II against Russia
1941 - Lithuanian fascist massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
1942 - German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
1944 - 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
1944 - Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
1945 - England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs
1945 - UN Charter signed by 50 nations in SF
1946 - Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
1946 - Fred Allen's last radio show, his guest is Jack Benny
1948 - US denounces Soviet blockade of Berlin
1949 - 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
1950 - Pres Gottwald of Czech confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
1952 - Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)
1952 - Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew
1953 - KCTV (now KLST) TV channel 8 in San Angelo, TX (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 - Russian vice-premier/interior minister Beria arrested
1954 - Jim Peters runs marathon in 2:17:39.4
1955 - Actor Geoffrey Holder marries Carmen de Lavallade
1955 - Freedom Charter signed in South-Africa
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1958 - Gaston Eyskens becomes premier of Belgium
1958 - Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan dedicated
1958 - Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1959 - Ingemar Johansson TKOs Floyd Patterson in 3 for heavywgt boxing title
1959 - Queen Elizabeth & Pres Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway
1960 - British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
1960 - Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
1960 - Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian-administration
1960 - Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
1962 - Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
1962 - Boston Red Sox Earl Wilson no-hits LA Angels, 2-0
1962 - WSEC (now WLRN) TV channel 17 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 - Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian govt
1963 - Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV
1963 - Kennedy visits W Berlin "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner)
1964 - Beatles release "A Hard Day's Night" album
1964 - Blacks & Whites riot over racial segregation in St Augustine
1964 - Moise Tsjombe forms govt in Congo
1965 - Wallon party forms in Belgium
1966 - "Time for Singing" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 41 perfs
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Waterloo Women's Golf Open Invitational
1966 - Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland
1967 - Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals
1968 - Executive Council decides both AL & NL to divide into 2 divisions
1968 - Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US
1970 - Frank Robinson hits 2 grand slams as Orioles beat Senators 12-2
1971 - "Man of La Mancha" closes at ANTA Wash Sq Theater NYC after 2329 perfs
1971 - Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings & 29 fines)
1972 - Bob Massie takes 16 wickets (8-84 & 8-53) on Test cricket debut v Eng
1972 - IRA proclaims resistant in North-Ireland
1973 - London production of "Grease" premieres
1973 - On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
1974 - Liz Taylor's 5th divorce (Richard Burton)
1974 - The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio
1975 - Cher divorces Sonny Bono
1975 - Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency
1975 - Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
1976 - WS shortstop Toby Harrah plays DH without touching a batted ball
1977 - 42 die in fire inmate causes at Maury County Jail in Columbia Tenn
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
1977 - Elvis Presley sings in Indianapolis, last performance of his career
1977 - The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
1978 - Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
1978 - First dedicated oceanographic satellite, SEASAT 1, launched
1978 - Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.
1979 - Heavyweight Muhammad Ali confirms that his 3rd retirement is final
1979 - Rocker Nigel Olsson runs a stop sign, crashes & kills a driver
1981 - "For Your Eyes Only" premieres in US
1982 - Carlos Lopes runs Europe record 10k (27:34.39)
1982 - Marie Osmond marries Steve Craig
1982 - US vetos UN Security Council resolution for a limited withdrawal from Beirut of Israeli & Palestine Liberation Organization forces
1983 - "Loving" premieres on TV
1983 - "Show Boat" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 73 performances
1983 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Rochester Golf International
1984 - 1st flight of Shuttle Discovery (41-D) scrubbed at T -4
1984 - Barbra Streisand records "Here We Are at Last"
1984 - Tiny Tim gets married
1986 - South African journalist Zwelakhe Sisulu arrested
1987 - Losing 9-0 to Red Sox, Yanks score 11 in 3rd & win 12-11 in 10 inn
1987 - Supreme Court Justice Lewis F Powell Jr announces his retirement
1988 - Kathy Postlewait wins LPGA McDonald's Golf Championship
1989 - Canada updates coins with a new potrait of the Queen
1989 - Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson marry for 2nd time
1989 - Supreme Court rules 16 year olds can receive death penalty
1990 - 122°F in Phoenix Arizona
1990 - 8 KS & OK radio stations boycott k d lang, due to her anti-meat ad
1990 - New Kid on the Block Donnie Wahlberg release from hospital after fall
1991 - "Getting Married" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 70 perfs
1991 - ANC leader Nelson Mandela addresses congress
1991 - Amy Elizabeth Goodman, of California, crowned America's Junior Miss
1991 - Charlotte Hornets make Larry Johnson of UNLV, NBA's #1 draft pick
1991 - Ky medical examiner announces Zachary Taylor died of natural causes
1992 - India leases Tin Bigha corridor to Bangladesh
1992 - NYC's MTA votes to ban cigarette ads on Jan 1, 1993
1992 - Supreme Court rules fund soliciting can be banned at airports
1993 - "Late Night with David Letterman" airs for last time on NBC-TV
1993 - Actress Julia Roberts & country singer Lyle Lovett wed
1993 - NY Met Eddie Murray is 20th to get 1,600 RBIs
1993 - Rebecca Jones, of Georgia, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
1993 - US Tomahawk-rockets hit Iraqi secret service, Baghdad
1993 - The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
1994 - "Broken Glass" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 73 performances
1994 - "Medea" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 82 performances
1994 - 104°F (40°C) at Denver Colorado
1994 - 107°F (41.6°C) at Albuquerque New Mexico
1994 - 112°F (44.4°C) at El Paso Texas
1994 - 122°F (50°C) at Laughlin Nevada
1994 - 126°F (52.2°C) in Death Valley Calif
1994 - Actor Brandon Cruz (32) weds Elizabeth Finkelstein (26)
1994 - Air Ivory Fokker's-27 crashes at Abidjan (16 killed/1 lives)
1994 - Donna Andrews wins ShopRite LPGA Golf Classic
1994 - Kirby Puckett pass Rod Carew with 2,088 hit as Twin's top hit leader
1994 - PLO-leader Yasser Arafat returns to Gaza after 27 years
1994 - US loses to Romania 1-0 in 1994 soccer world cup
1995 - Gunmen ambush Egyptian pres Hosni Mubarak, escapes unharmed
1995 - Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
1996 - Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin
1997 - Galileo, Ganymede Observations (Orbit 9)
1997 - Supreme Court strikes down Internet indecency law
1997 - Supreme Court upholds doctor-assisted suicide ban
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment
2003 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.
2008 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.
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