Famous Events on this Day in History, June 23:

930 - World's oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, established
1295 - Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
1298 - Duke Albrecht von Habsburg chosen Roman Catholic German king
1305 - French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge
1532 - Henry VIII & Francois I signs secret treaty against emperor Karel V
1565 - Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta.
1585 - Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
1611 - Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery & never seen again
1658 - Dutch troops occupy last Portugese Fort Jafnapatnam Ceylon
1661 - Marriage contract for Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal
1683 - William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"
1713 - The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
1724 - Russia & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
1757 - Robert Clive defeats Indians at Plassey, wins control of Bengal
1758 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 - Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
1775 - 1st regatta held on Thames, England
1776 - Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to US Congress
1780 - American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township.
1784 - 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
1794 - Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
1810 - John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
1821 - Dutch troops conquer Palembang
1848 - Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
1848 - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
1854 - Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
1860 - Congress establishes Government Printing Office
1860 - US Secret Service created
1863 - Tullahoma campaign, TN
1865 - At Ft Towson, Gen Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confed army
1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
1888 - Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for president
1894 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
1902 - Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce
1909 - Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
1915 - Yanks get record 16 walks & 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
1915 - Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
1917 - 31st US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)
1917 - Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
1917 - Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out & retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
1918 - Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
1919 - Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Assn (UNIA) incorporates
1919 - Nitti govt forms in Italy
1922 - 57th British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 300 at Royal St George
1924 - 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
1925 - British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
1925 - Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)
1926 - 8th govt of Briand van France forms
1926 - Commencement of the West Indies' 1st Test cricket match, at Lord's
1926 - The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
1927 - Lou Gehrig hits 3 HRs in 11-4 victory over Red Sox
1930 - Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 21-8
1931 - Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
1932 - Lou Gehrig plays 1,103rd successive game in a NY uniform, equaling Joe Sewell's record with one team (Cleveland)
1933 - Don McNeill's Pepper Pot (Breakfast Club) begins 35½ year run on NBC
1935 - Anthony Eden offers Mussolini, Somalian harbor
1938 - Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
1938 - Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
1938 - NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
1939 - Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ
1939 - France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
1940 - Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
1940 - RAF bombs Schiphol
1941 - Germany occupies Telz Lithuana
1942 - World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
1943 - Dutch artsens protest against nazis
1943 - RAF discovers Werner von Brauns V1/V2-base in Peenemunde
1944 - 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
1944 - Russian offensive in central front sector
1944 - Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen
1945 - 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
1945 - Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
1947 - Compton & Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v S Africa
1947 - Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by congress
1949 - 1st 12 women graduate from Harvard Medical School
1949 - Dutch Constellation plunge at Bari in sea, 33 die
1950 - Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women
1950 - Yanks & Tigers hit record 11 HRs, Tigers win 10-9
1950 - Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
1951 - British diplomats Guy Burgess & Donald Maclean flee to USSR
1951 - Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
1952 - US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
1953 - Patty Berg wins LPGA All-American Women Golf Tournament
1954 - 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)
1955 - Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released
1956 - "Jimmy Durante Show," last airs on NBC-TV
1956 - "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8
1956 - Gamal Abdel Nasser elected president of Egypt
1958 - Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
1958 - Fed judge rules race separation must end in 2½ years in Little Rock
1958 - Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
1959 - Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
1959 - A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
1960 - "Pat Boone Show," last airs on ABC-TV
1960 - Japan signs security treaty with the US
1961 - Antarctic Treaty goes into effect
1961 - Cubs Ernie Banks ends his 717 consecutive-games-played streak
1961 - Phillies overcome 9-0, losing 11-2 they score 4 in 8th & 6 in 9th
1961 - USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,830 m
1962 - "Subways Are after Sleeping" closes at St James NYC after 205 perfs
1962 - Laos Suvanna Phuma forms govt
1962 - Larry Doby, retires from Cleve Indians to play in Japan
1963 - 63rd US Golf Open: Julius Boros shoots a 293 at The Country Club Mass
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open
1963 - NY Mets Jimmy Piersall, hits his 100th HR, he circles bases backwards
1963 - Pres Kennedy tours West-Europe
1964 - Gen Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
1967 - Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)
1967 - John Entwistle of rock group Who weds Alison Wise
1967 - LBJ & Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, NJ
1967 - US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd (D-Ct) for misusing campaign funds
1968 - 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
1969 - French government of Couve de Murville resigns
1969 - Joe Frazier TKOs Jerry Quarry in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1969 - Warren E Burger sworn in as Supreme Court Chief Justice
1970 - "Red Skelton Show," last airs on CBS-TV, moved to NBC-TV
1970 - Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell in Democratic primary
1970 - Rocker Chubby Checker arrested for marijuana possession
1971 - Phillies Rick Wise no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 4-0
1971 - WTVP TV channel 47 in Peoria, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - Hurricane Agnes is costliest natural disaster in American history
1972 - Nixon & Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate
1972 - Pres Nixon signs act barring sex discrimination in college sports
1972 - 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
1973 - "Cyrano" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 49 performances
1973 - "Sugar" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 506 performances
1973 - Phillies Ken Brett 4th consecutive game HR in which he pitched
1974 - 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
1974 - 20th LPGA Championship won by Sandra Haynie
1975 - 75th US Golf Open: Lou Graham shoots a 287 at Medinah CC ILL
1975 - Rocker Alice Cooper falls off stage in Vancouver, breaks 6 ribs
1976 - CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure (555 m) opens
1977 - 13th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 6-4
1978 - 33rd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
1979 - Charlie Daniels Band releases "Devil Went Down to Georgia"
1979 - Rock group, the Knack releases "My Sharona"
1979 - West Indies beat England by 92 runs to win Cricket World Cup
1980 - "David Letterman Show," debuts on NBC-TV daytime
1980 - 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation
1980 - West German wins European soccer title (2-1 against Belgium)
1981 - "This Was Burlesque" opens at Princess Theater NYC for 28 performances
1981 - 33 inning game ends, Pawtucket 3, Rochester 2
1981 - Amanda Maccaro becomes 1st American to win Russian Ballet Competition
1981 - French govt of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists
1981 - NYC mayor Koch turns down a $7,500 offer to perform comedy
1981 - Dave Koza scores Marty Barrett with bases-loaded single in bottom of 33rd inning, Pawtucket beats Rochester 3-2
1982 - "Cleavage" opens & closes at Playhouse Theater NYC
1982 - -117°F; All time low at South Pole
1982 - Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb)
1982 - Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)
1982 - Mary Hart joins Entertainment Tonight
1983 - Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
1983 - US Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions
1985 - Alice Miller wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1985 - Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die
1985 - Laffit Pincay Jr becomes 2nd jockey to win $100 million
1986 - Pedro Morales swims world record 100m butterfly (52.84)
1986 - Tip O'Neill refuses to let Reagan address House
1988 - Charlotte Hornets & Miami Heat begin their NBA expansion draft
1988 - Yank manager Billy Martin's 5th term ends, Lou Pinella named manager
1989 - Movie "Batman" premieres
1990 - A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Stat of Liberty
1990 - Moldavia declares independence
1990 - Police find marijuana at Chuck Berry's home
1990 - TV Guide selects Arsenio Hall as TV personality of year
1990 - Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
1991 - "Odd Couple" opens & closes at Belasco Theater NYC
1991 - "Weird Al" Yankovic records "Babalu Music"
1991 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA McDonald's Golf Championship
1991 - Mazda becomes 1st Japanese car to capture Le Mans 24 hour race
1992 - "Tin Bigha Day" protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh
1992 - Emmy 19th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 13th time
1992 - Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election
1993 - Lindsay Wagner (Bionic Woman) files for divorce from Lawrence Mortorff
1993 - Lorena Gallo Bobbitt amputates husband's John Wayne Bobbitt's penis
1993 - UN authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti
1994 - South Africa reclaims its seat in UN
1994 - Replay shows A's Bobby Witt beat KC's Gagne to 1st in 6th but ump Gary Cedarstrom calls him safe, runing Witt's perfect game
1996 - "Tartuffe: Born Again" closes at Circle in Sq NYC after 29 perfs
1996 - Dottie Pepper wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament
1996 - Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan
1997 - Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts
2004 - Bob Dylan accepts honorary doctor of music degree from the University of St Andrews, Scotland's oldest university
2005 - San Antonio Spurs beat Detroit Pistons 4-3 in NBA finals MVP: Tim Duncan (his third), San Antonio
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