Famous Events on this Day in History, June 19:

987 - Louis IV, crowned king of France
1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.
1205 - Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
1269 - King Louis IX of Frances decrees all Jews must wear a badge of shame
1286 - Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim
1306 - The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1369 - Duke Philip the Stout marries Margaretha van Male
1464 - French King Louis XI forms postal service
1502 - Emperor Maximilian I & England sign treaty of Antwerp
1572 - Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
1586 - English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island NC
1588 - Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
1621 - Battle at Dragetsani: Turkish army beats Greece
1631 - Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
1669 - Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
1754 - Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies & Iroquois indians
1770 - General Church of New Jerusalem established
1770 - Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.
1778 - Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
1807 - Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
1816 - Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
1821 - Decisive defeat of the Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Dragasani (in Wallachia).
1825 - Gioacchino Rossini's "Il viaggio a Reims," premieres
1829 - Sir Robert Peel found London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)
1835 - New Orleans gives US govt Jackson Square to be used as a mint
1846 - 1st baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
1848 - Elizabeth Stanton & Lucretia Mott open 1st women's rights convention
1850 - Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina
1861 - Anaheim Post Office established
1861 - Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
1862 - Slavery outlawed in US territories
1863 - Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
1864 - CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
1864 - Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia
1865 - Siege of Richmond, VA
1865 - Union Gen Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
1867 - 1st Belmont: J Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05
1867 - Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro.
1868 - Maj Gen E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
1875 - Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
1875 - The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
1881 - Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"
1893 - Lizzie Bordon acquitted
1894 - 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5
1897 - Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends
1910 - 1st airship in service "Germany"
1910 - Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Wash)
1912 - Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
1914 - 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
1917 - After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles & surnames, they take the name Windsor
1921 - Census in Great-Britain
1921 - Turk & Christian of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
1922 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:28.2)
1923 - "Moon Mullins," Comic Strip, debuts
1923 - Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
1924 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m (3:52.6)
1926 - DeFord Bailey is 1st black to perform on Nashville's Grand Ole Opry
1931 - 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
1932 - 1st concert given in SF's Stern Grove
1932 - Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China PR
1933 - Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
1934 - Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
1936 - Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
1936 - German boxer Max Schmeling World Champion KOs Joe Louis
1936 - Joe McCarthy is named to manage AL All-Stars, rather than high-strung Mickey Cochrane, who is very close to a nervous breakdown
1937 - Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
1938 - "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
1938 - Italy beats Hungary 4-1 in soccer's 3rd World Cup at Paris
1938 - Paul Waner (Pirates) homers off Pete Sivess (Phillies) in DH
1938 - Reds Johnny Vander Meer extends his string of hitless baseball innings to 21 2/3 before Debs Garms singles for Boston in 4th
1940 - "Brenda Starr," 1st cartoon strip by a woman, appears in Chicago
1940 - German 7th Armour division under gen-maj Rommel occupies Cherbourg
1940 - Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses & ships
1941 - Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal
1941 - Romania orders Jews to evacuate Darabani
1941 - US president Roosevelt signs Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act
1942 - Paul Waner, is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits
1943 - "Shiek Of Arahy" Spike Jones & City Slickers peaks at #19
1943 - NFL's Phila Eagles & Pitts Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
1943 - Race riot in Beaumont Texas
1944 - Two day Battle of Philippines Sea begins
1944 - 300 Japanese aircrafts shot down
1944 - French troops free Elba
1944 - Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
1944 - World War II: First day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1946 - 1st TV sports/boxing spectacular-Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn
1947 - 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc Ca
1948 - Panama & Costa Rica recognize Israel
1948 - USSR blocks access road to West Berlin
1952 - "I've Got A Secret" debuts on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host
1952 - Bkln Dodger Carl Erskine no-hits Chicago Cubs, 5-0
1953 - Albert W Dent, elected president of Natl Health Council
1953 - WCSC TV channel 5 in Charleston, SC (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WTPA (now WHTM) TV channel 27 in Harrisburg, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
1954 - 54th US Golf Open: Ed Furgol shoots a 284 at Baltusrol GC in NJ
1954 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1954 - Tasmanian Devil, debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
1955 - 55th US Golf Open: Jack Fleck shoots a 287 at Olympic CC in SF
1955 - Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 100
1955 - Phils beat Cubs 1-0 in 15, ties longest shut out in Phillies history
1956 - Jerry Lewis & Dean Martin end partnership after 16 films
1959 - Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Sec of Comm
1960 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
1960 - Loretta Lynn records "Honky Tonk Girl"
1961 - "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by Coasters peaks at #23
1961 - Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
1961 - Kuwait declares independence from UK
1961 - NY Yankee Roger Maris hits his 25th of 61 HRs
1961 - US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Md's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
1963 - 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
1963 - Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
1963 - Greek govt of Pipinolis forms
1963 - Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth
1964 - Bob Dylan completes UK tour
1964 - Cambuur Leeuwarden BVO soccer team forms in Leeuwarden
1964 - Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27
1965 - Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
1965 - KYW-AM in Cleveland Ohio returns call letters to Philadelphia
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Milwaukee Jaycee Golf Open
1967 - Muhammad Ali is convicted for refusing induction in US Army
1967 - Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD
1968 - 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
1969 - State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
1970 - A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9
1970 - Conservatives win British parliamentary election
1970 - Jim Bouton's controversial "Ball Four" is published
1970 - Yanks Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for the 2nd of 3 times in 28 days
1970 - The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed.
1971 - Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Ga, racial disturbance
1972 - -29] Hurricane Agnes, kills 118 in NY & Florida
1972 - 40,000 pilots strike against naval officer
1973 - "Rocky Horror Picture Show," stage production opens in London
1973 - Pete Rose & Willie Davis both get career hit # 2,000
1974 - KC Royal Steve Busby 2nd no-hitter beats Milwaukee Brewers, 2-0
1974 - Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
1976 - King Charles XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Dutchess Silvia Sommerlath
1976 - US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth
1977 - 77th US Golf Open: Hubert Green shoots a 278 at Southern Hills Tulsa
1977 - Indians fire manager Frank Robinson & replace him with Jeff Torborg
1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1977 - Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint
1977 - Red Sox set 3 game record of 16 HRs, all against Yanks
1978 - "Best Little Whorehouse..." opens at 46th St NYC for 1577 perfs
1978 - Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip
1978 - Ian Botham takes 8-34 v Pakistan, his best Test cricket bowling
1979 - In NY 36,211 show up to witness return of Billy Martin as Yank mgr
1979 - Mali's constitution goes into effect
1980 - Battle between police & demonstrators in Capetown, 34 killed
1981 - Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified
1981 - European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit
1981 - Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, S Africa
1981 - India's APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched
1982 - The body of God's Banker, Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.
1983 - "Octopussy" premieres in US
1983 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1984 - "Weird Al" Yankovic gives free live performance at Del Mar Fair
1984 - 1st live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline)
1985 - Reggie Jackson hits his 513th HR to move into 10th place
1986 - Argentina beats West Germany 3-2 in soccer's 13th World Cup
1987 - ETA bomb attack in Barcelona, 15 killed
1987 - Geffen records sign their 1st artist (Donna Summer)
1987 - Supreme Court rules school teaching evolution need not teach creation
1987 - Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia
1988 - 88th US Golf Open: Curtis Strange shoots a 278 at Country Club Mass
1988 - Coup in Haiti
1988 - Danny Spitz, heavy metal artist (Anthrax), weds Valerie
1988 - Namphy takes control of Haitian govt
1988 - Shirley Furlong wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1988 - World's Largest Sausage completed at 13 1/8 miles long
1988 - 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle,to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
1989 - Mets Dwight Gooden wins his 100th game (100-37)
1990 - Gary Carter catches his 1,862nd career game breaks Al Lopez's NL mark
1991 - 2 of Mia Farrow's daughters arrested for shoplifting lingerie
1991 - Colombian drug baron Pablo Escobar surrenders to police
1991 - NY Yankee Steve Howe records his 1st major league save since 1987
1992 - "Batman Returns," opens
1992 - Evander Holyfield beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1992 - Guardian Angel Curtis Sliwa is shot twice in NYC
1992 - Inkhata-blood bath in Boipatong South-Africa
1992 - NY Yankees 1st game in Baltimore Oriole's Camden Yards
1993 - Boon completes 15th Test cricket century, 164* v England at Lord's
1993 - Mandy Smith (Bill Wyman's ex-wife) weds Pat van den Hauwe
1994 - "Sally Marrand Her Escorts" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 50 perfs
1994 - "She Loves Me" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC after 294 performances
1994 - "Twilight - Los Angeles 1992" closes at Cort NYC after 72 perfs
1994 - 94th US Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 279 at Oakmont CC in Oakmont Pa
1994 - Ernesto Samper elected president of Colombia
1994 - Lisa Kiggens wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament
1994 - Tigers tie record of hitting HRs in 25th consecutive games
1995 - NY Yankees announce agreement with Darryl Strawberry
1997 - "Forever Tango!," opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC
2000 - Los Angeles Lakers beat Indiana Pacers 4-2 in NBA finals MVP: Shaquille O'Neal, L.A.
2000 - Tiger Woods wins golf's US Open by 15 shots, a record for all majors, with a US Open to-par record score of -12
2005 - Michael Schumacher wins controversial Formula 1 United States Grand Prix where only 6 of 20 cars complete the race amongst ridicule
2006 - Prime ministers of several northern European nations participate in a ceremonial "laying of the first stone" at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen, Norway.
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