Famous Events on this Day in History, June 01:4000 BC - Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.
794 - Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt
1204 - King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.
1215 - Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
1283 - Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
1283 - Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
1459 - Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
1485 - Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Frederick III
1495 - 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
1526 - Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief
1533 - Anna Boleyn crowned queen of England
1562 - Emperor Ferdinand & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
1568 - Duke van Alva beheads 18 nobles in Brussels
1608 - Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-govt
1638 - 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
1641 - France & Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
1649 - Czar Aleksei throws out English merchants from Moscow
1657 - 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
1660 - Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1670 - Engl king Charles II & Fr king Louis XIV sign anti-Dutch treaty
1679 - Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scottish
1679 - The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
1746 - French troops conquer Antwerp
1774 - Boston Port Bill: British govt orders Port of Boston closed
1789 - 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
1792 - Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
1794 - English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
1794 - The battle of the Glorious First of June is fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
1796 - Last of Britain's troops withdraws from US
1796 - Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
1808 - 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
1809 - Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
1813 - Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
1815 - Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1834 - HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
1835 - 6th national black convention (Phila)
1836 - Charles Darwin returns to Capetown
1843 - It snows in Buffalo & Rochester NY & Cleveland Ohio
1843 - Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist
1845 - Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
1855 - US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
1857 - Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
1861 - 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
1861 - British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
1861 - Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
1861 - US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
1862 - 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)
1862 - Gen Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines
1862 - Slavery abolished in all US possessions
1864 - -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
1864 - Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
1864 - Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English
1866 - General Dutch Typographer Union forms
1866 - Renegade Irish Fenians invade Ft Erie Ontario from US
1868 - Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
1868 - Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869 - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
1872 - 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
1877 - Society of American Artists forms
1877 - US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
1879 - Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
1880 - 1st pay telephone installed
1880 - US census at 50,155,783
1881 - Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
1886 - The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
1888 - California gets its 1st seismograph
1890 - US census at 62,622,250
1893 - Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
1898 - Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
1899 - Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes & Victor Trumper in Grace's last
1900 - British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
1902 - Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
1905 - Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
1907 - -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
1908 - John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
1909 - Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
1910 - SC Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1911 - 1st US group insurance policy written, Passaic, NJ
1912 - Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1914 - Oscar Egg bicycles world record time (44,247 km)
1915 - 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
1916 - German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
1917 - Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
1918 - Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
1918 - White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
1919 - Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
1920 - RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
1920 - Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
1921 - Race riot in Tulsa Okla (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)
1922 - Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.
1923 - NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
1925 - Lou Gehrig replaces Wally Pipp (1st of record 2130 consec games)
1926 - Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland
1930 - 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
1930 - 6th French Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (62 61)
1930 - Alphense Boys soccer team forms in Alphen on Rhine
1930 - Bradman scores cricket 191 Australia v Hampshire, 240 mins, 26 fours
1931 - Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
1932 - Lunteren soccer team forms in Lunteren
1933 - Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
1933 - Charlie Chaplin weds Paulette Goddard
1934 - AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
1935 - Driving test & license plates introduced in England
1935 - Yanks set solo HR record with 6 beat Boston 7-2
1936 - "Lux Radio Theater" moved from NYC to Hollywood
1936 - Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
1937 - Chic White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
1937 - Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
1938 - Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
1939 - 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer
1939 - 1st night game at Phil's Shribe Park (Pirates 5, Phillies 2)
1939 - British sub "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
1939 - Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
1940 - Coffee & tea rationed in Holland
1940 - Gen-mjr Bernard Montgomery returns to London
1940 - Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
1941 - 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, Burlington Kansas (state 24-hr record)
1941 - British troops occupy Bagdad Iraq
1941 - Germany bans all Catholic publications
1941 - Germany occupies Kreta
1941 - NY Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th HR & his 1,500th RBI
1943 - Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
1943 - Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
1944 - Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
1944 - Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
1945 - WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
1946 - 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8
1946 - Spijkenisse soccer team forms in Spijkenisse
1946 - Ion Antonescu is executed.
1947 - OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
1947 - Photosensitive glass developed
1948 - Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
1949 - 1st magazine on microfilm offered to subscribers (Newsweek)
1949 - British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
1949 - KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - Lucille Ball & Desi Arnaz wed for the second time
1949 - Microfilm copies of "Newsweek" magazine 1st offered
1950 - WKZO (now WWMT) TV channel 3 in Kalamazoo, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
1951 - 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
1951 - International Cheese treaty signed
1952 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cross Country Weathervane Golf Tournament
1952 - Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index
1953 - KMJ (now KSEE) TV channel 24 in Fresno, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WDAY TV channel 6 in Fargo, ND (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
1955 - Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
1957 - 1st US runner breaks 4 minute mile (Don Bowden) [see May 5, 1956]
1958 - Belgian christian-democrats win parliamentary election
1958 - Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France
1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Gatlinburg Golf Open
1959 - 2-time champ Monterrey Mexico barred from 1959 Little League competition for using players outside predetermined geographical area
1959 - Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
1960 - "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
1960 - WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
1962 - Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit
1962 - Roda JC soccer team reforms in Kerkrade
1962 - USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m
1963 - "El Watusi" by Ray Barreto hits #17
1963 - Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st premier of Kenya
1963 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, becomes Emperor of Ethiopia
1965 - A Penzias & R Wilson detect 3°K primordial background radiation
1965 - coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236
1966 - 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights
1966 - George Harrison is impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London
1966 - Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
1966 - Shortwave station Radio NY Worldwide changes calls from WRUL to WNYW
1967 - Beatles release Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in US & goes gold
1967 - Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, DC
1968 - 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2
1968 - Simon & Garfunkel's "Mrs Robinson" hits #1
1969 - Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio & TV
1970 - "Everything Is Beautiful" by Ray Stevens hits #1
1970 - Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing "Ball Four"
1970 - Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days
1970 - Tigers Al Kaline collides with another player & swallows his tongue
1971 - "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" opens at Golden NYC for 31 perfs
1971 - Ed Sullivan's final TV show on CBS
1972 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's 15th Symphony, Dutch premieres in West Berlin
1972 - Tswanaland becomes Bophuthatswana in South Africa
1972 - West German police arrest RAF-leader Andreas Baader
1973 - George Harrison's "Living in the Material World" goes gold
1973 - Greek Pres Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"
1973 - Paul McCartney & Wings release "Live & Let Die"
1974 - "My Girl Bill" by Jim Stafford hits #12
1974 - Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Wash
1974 - Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincs kills 29 in UK
1974 - The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
1975 - "Chicago" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 947 performances
1975 - 21st LPGA Championship won by Kathy Whitworth
1975 - Calif Angel Nolan Ryan 4th no-hitter beats Balt Orioles, 1-0
1975 - Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
1975 - Ron Woods replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stone guitarist
1976 - Great-Britain & Iceland terminate codfish war
1977 - British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
1977 - Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason
1977 - SC Heerenveen soccer team forms in Heerenveen
1978 - Cricket Test debut of David Gower, v Pakistan, Edgbaston, scores 58
1978 - High Council destroys judgment against war criminal Pieter Menten
1978 - The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed.
1979 - 33rd NBA Championship: Sea Supersonics beat Wash Bullets, 4 games to 1
1979 - Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
1979 - Ted Coombs began a 5,193 mile roller skate from LA to NYC
1979 - Wings release "Old Siam, Sir"
1979 - Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
1979 - The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
1980 - 1st transmission of CNN, Cable News Network
1980 - ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa
1980 - Barbra Streisand appears at an ACLU Benefit in Calif
1980 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championshipship
1980 - Steve Garvey, hits the 7,000th Dodger home run
1980 - Ted Turner's Cable News Network begins broadcasting
1982 - Rickey Henderson is fastest to reach 50 stolen bases in a year
1984 - Douglas H Mitchell, QC of Calgary becomes 6th CFL Commissioner
1984 - KWK-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KGLD
1984 - Netherlands' Lubbers govt gives 48 sites for cruise missiles
1984 - Weightlifter Alexander Gunyashev of USSR snatches a record 211 kg
1985 - "Just A Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody" by David Lee Roth hits #12
1985 - Viv Richards scores 300 in a day on the way to 322 v Warwicks cricket
1985 - Weird Al Yankovic released his Dare To Be Stupid LP
1986 - 32nd LPGA Championship won by Pat Bradley
1986 - 40th Tony Awards: I'm Not Rappaport & Mystery of Edwin Drood win
1987 - Phil Niekro 314th combines with Joe to have most wins by bros (530)
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Shubert Theatre, LA
1988 - "Morton Downey Jr Show," debuts in TV syndication
1988 - Train crash in Zeeland Neth, kills 2
1989 - 62nd National Spelling Bee: Scott Isaacs wins spelling spoliator
1989 - Margaret Ray pleads guilty to breaking into David Letterman's house
1989 - Robin Givens & Mike Tyson granted final divorce in NJ
1990 - "Cemetery Club" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 56 perfs
1990 - Cowboy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting
1990 - Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland for 1st time since 1974
1990 - Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97
1991 - Mount Pinatubo (Philippines) erupts for 1st time in 600 years
1991 - Roseanne Arnold & Tom Arnold wed again, they divorced later
1992 - America West Arena opens in Phoenix
1992 - E Lamps (20 year lightbulb) introduced
1992 - Snowfall in Colorado
1992 - Stanley Cup: Pittsburgh Penguins sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
1993 - Brooklyn NY begins recycling
1993 - Connie Chung joins Dan Rather as anchors of CBS Evening News
1993 - Guatemala president Jorge Serrano overthrown by army
1993 - Melchior Ndadaye elected pres of Burundi
1994 - FX Channel, Cable Network, debuts
1994 - Gen H Norman Schwarzkopf released from hospital after prostate surgery
1994 - Guns n Roses drummer Matthew Sorum files to divorce Kai
1995 - 68th National Spell Bee: Justin Tyler Carroll wins spelling xanthosis
1995 - Rangers' Kenny Rogers scoreless inning streak ends after 39
1996 - MTV Movie Awards
1996 - Sony does not renew lease on megatron in Times Square
1997 - 10th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $5,400,186
1997 - 1st NY Women Film Festival opens
1997 - 51st Tony Awards: Titanic & Last Night of Ballyhoo win
1997 - Ameritech Senior Golf Open
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Michelob Light Classic
1997 - Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race
1997 - Heartland LPGA Classic
1997 - LA Dodger Wilton Guerrero's bat breaks, revealing it is corked
1997 - Vijay Singh wins Golf Memorial at Muirfield Village CC, 14 under par
1997 - Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
2000 - The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) is signed.
2001 - Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
2001 - Dolphinarium massacre: an Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.
2003 - The People's Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
2005 - The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution results in its rejection.
2005 - The longest oil/natural gas explosion in the Houston, Texas area occurs in Crosby, Texas. The drill was owned by the Louisiana Oil and Gas Company.
2007 - Jack Kevorkian is released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second-degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.
2007 - Smoking is banned from United Kingdom's public places.
2008 - A fire at the backlot of Universal Studios Hollywood destroys several icons from movies, such as Courthouse Square, the clock tower from Back to the Future, and the King Kong exhibit on the studio tour.
2009 - Air France Flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil on a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. All 228 passengers and crew were killed.
2009 - General Motors files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.