Famous Events on this Day in History, May 28:585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
640 - Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)
1037 - German emperor Koenraad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis"
1156 - Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet
1349 - 60 Jews murdered in Breslau Silesia
1358 - Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising
1521 - Pope Leo X signs treaty with German emperor Charles V
1533 - England's archbishop voids King Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn's marriage
1539 - Hernando de Soto lands in Florida
1608 - Claudio Monteverdi's "Arianna," premieres in Mantua
1635 - Zorilla's "El Desafio de Carlos V," premieres in Madrid
1644 - Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.
1664 - 1st Baptist Church organizes (Boston)
1674 - German Parliament declares war on France
1731 - All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated
1741 - Spain & Bavaria sign treaty
1742 - 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
1754 - George Washington defeats French & indians at Ft Duquesne (Pitts)
1774 - 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
1818 - 1st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
1830 - Congress authorizes Indian removal from all states to western prairie
1845 - Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
1849 - Princess WFLC Marianne & Albrecht of Prussia separate
1851 - Sojourner Truth attends Women's Rights Convention
1858 - Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play," premieres in London
1863 - 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War
1866 - Dutch govt of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
1871 - Paris communards revolt put down
1875 - 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
1880 - 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
1892 - Sierra Club forms by John Muir in SF, for conservation of nature
1894 - Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
1900 - Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
1900 - Solar eclipse occurs
1901 - 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
1901 - Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
1904 - 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
1906 - Shields/Cobbs musical "His honor, the Mayor," premieres in NYC
1907 - Auto-Cycle Union Tourist Trophy, 1st held
1912 - Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Aust v S Africa
1915 - John B Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
1918 - Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent
1919 - Armenia declares it's Independence
1923 - Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
1923 - US unemployment has nearly ended
1926 - Military coup by Gen Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal
1926 - US Customs Court created by congress
1927 - Hammond scores his 1,000th cricket run of the season after 22 days
1928 - Dodge Brothers Inc & Chrysler Corp merged
1929 - 1st all color talking picture "On With the Show" exhibited (NYC)
1930 - Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of NZ
1930 - The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
1932 - Dam closed, at current monument (South Seas)
1934 - Bradman gets 160 Aust v Middlesex, 124 mins, 27 fours, 1x6, 1x5
1934 - Hobbs scores his 197th & last FC cricket ton at 51 years 163 days
1934 - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1934 - The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
1937 - Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic
1937 - Neville Chamberlain becomes PM of England
1938 - Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid
1938 - Hindemiths opera "Mathis der Maler," premieres in Zurich
1940 - Belgium surrenders to Germany, King Leopold III gives himself up
1940 - British-French troops capture Narvik Norway
1940 - Irving Berlin's musical "Louisiana Purchase," premieres in NYC
1941 - 1st night game at Wash DC, Griffith stadium (Yanks 6, Senators 5)
1941 - British army begins evacuation of Kreta
1941 - NY Yankees nip Wash Senators 6-5 in 1st night game at Griffith Stadium
1942 - 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
1943 - British militia reaches Tito
1946 - 1st night game at Yankee stadium (Senators 2, Yanks 1)
1948 - Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
1951 - After going 0-for-12, Willie Mays connects for his 1st HR
1951 - Bernardus J Alfrink appointed bishop's asst of Utrecht
1951 - Jerry Colonna Show, debuts on ABC-TV
1951 - Willie Mays gets his 1st major league hit, a home run
1952 - Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
1952 - The women of Greece are given the right to vote.
1953 - Premier of 1st animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor-"Melody"
1955 - 81st Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 1:54.6
1955 - Bob Sweikert wins Indianapolis 500
1955 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Wolverine Golf Open
1955 - Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria.
1956 - Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games
1956 - Eisenhower signs farm bill allows govt to store agricultural surplus
1957 - NL approves Bkln Dodgers' & NY Giants' move to west coast
1957 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1957 - WPSD TV channel 6 in Paducah, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 - French govt of Pflimlin resigns/200,000 demonstrate against De Gaulle
1958 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Land of Sky Golf Open
1959 - Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts
1959 - Johnson & Bart's musical "Lock up your daughters," premieres in London
1959 - Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 mi (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, became 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
1960 - "Greenwillow" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 95 performances
1961 - Amnesty Intl founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)
1961 - Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on Orient Express (after 78 years)
1961 - Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games
1962 - Suit alleging de facto school segregation filed in Rochester NY
1962 - US stock market drops $20.8 B in 1 day
1962 - Wide World of Sports with Chris Schenkel premieres on CBS radio
1963 - Cyclone hits Chittagong, Bangladesh; about 1 million houses destroyed
1963 - Estimated 22,000 die in another cyclone in Bay of Bengal (India)
1963 - Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st PM of Kenya
1964 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th String quartet
1964 - Jawaharlal Nehru cremated in New Dehli
1964 - Palestine National Congress forms the PLO in Jerusalem
1964 - Unmanned Apollo 2 Saturn test launched into Earth orbit
1965 - Fire & explosion at Dhori mine in Dhanbad India kills 400
1966 - "Ballad Of Irving" by Frank Gallop hits #34
1966 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's 11th String quartet, premieres in Leningrad
1967 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd Violin concert
1967 - Francis Chichester arrives home at Plymouth from Round-the-world trip
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1968 - AL announces it is splitting into 2 divisions
1968 - NL grants San Diego Padres a franchise
1968 - Senator Eugene McCarthy wins Democrate primary in Oregon
1969 - AC Milan wins 14th Europe Cup 1 in Madrid
1970 - The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
1971 - Paul McCartney releases his 2nd solo album "Ram"
1971 - USSR Mars 3 launched, 1st spacecraft to soft land on Mars
1972 - White House "plumbers" break into Democratic Natl HQ at Watergate
1973 - Chic White Sox beat Cleve Indians, 6-3, in 21 inn (game started 5/26)
1974 - "Magic Show" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 1859 performances
1974 - 26th Emmy Awards: MASH, Alan Alda & Mary Tyler Moore win
1974 - Emmy 1st Daytime Award presentation
1974 - Italians fascist bomb demonstrators in Brescia, 6 killed
1974 - Stephen Schwartz' musical "Magic Show," premieres in NYC
1975 - Bayern Munchen wins 20th Europe Cup 1 in Paris
1975 - Soyuz 18 launches
1977 - 165 killed in a fire at Beverly Hills Supper Club in Kentucky
1978 - Al Unser became 5th to win Indianapolis 500, 3 times
1978 - Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. The election is won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.
1979 - European Market accepts Greece as member
1980 - 2 Oakland A's steal home in 1st inning
1980 - Joe Darby does a standing long jump of 12'5"
1980 - Nottingham Forrest wins 25th Europe Cup 1 in Madrid
1982 - Leonard Maltin's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
1982 - Pope John Paul II is 1st pope to visit Great Britain
1983 - "Ricky" by Weird Al Yankovic hits #63
1983 - Hamburger ZV wins 28th Europe Cup 1 in Athens
1985 - David Jacobsen taken hostage in Beirut Lebanon
1985 - Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-G
1986 - Democratic Labor Party wins parliamentary election in Barbados
1986 - White Sox Joe Cowley sets record striking out 1st 7 Rangers he faces
1987 - 60th Natl Spelling Bee: Stephanie Petit wins spelling staphylococci
1987 - Mathias Rust, 19, W German pilot, makes unauthorized landing in USSR
1987 - Monitor, Civil War warship, is discovered by a deep sea robot
1987 - Paul Pearman jumps 21 barrels on a skateboard in Augusta
1987 - Southern League no-hit record-Bob Milacki pitches 11 1/3 no-hit inn
1987 - Stacking of Discovery's SRBs completed
1988 - Genie Francis (General Hospital) weds Jonathan Frakes (Star Trek TNG)
1989 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1989 - Delta Burke (Designing Women) weds Gerald McRaney (Major Dad)
1989 - Emerson Fittipaldi wins Indianapolis 500
1990 - Cesar Gaviria Trujillo installed as president of Colombia
1990 - Dave Thomas Comedy Show, debuts on CBS-TV
1990 - Eugenia Charles' Dom'n Freedom Party wins election in Dominica
1990 - Longest wheelie (David Robilliard with 5h12m33s (Channel Islands)
1991 - Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa
1992 - 65th National Spelling Bee: Amanda Goad wins spelling lyceum
1993 - 200,000 demonstrate against mafia terror
1993 - Polish govt of Suchocka falls
1994 - "Cafe American," last airs on NBC-TV
1994 - Twin's Dave Winfield passes Rod Carew into 15th hit list (3,054)
1995 - "Inspector Calls" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 454 performances
1995 - Alison Nichols wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1995 - Dottie Mochrie wins J C Penney/LPGA Skins Golf Game
1995 - Earthquake hits Russian town of Khabarovsk, killing 2,000 people
1995 - Southwestern Florida outside of Tampa begins using new area code 941
1995 - White Sox (5) & Tigers (7) combine for record 12 HRs at Tiger Stadium
1996 - U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, James McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.
1997 - Bob Dylan hospitalized in England with histoplasmosis
1997 - Linda Finch completes Amelia Earhart attempted around-the-world flight
1997 - Tornado in Jarrell Texas kills at least 28
1997 - Wallace Berg, 42, is 4th American to scale Mt Everest for 3rd time
1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.
1999 - In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display.
1999 - Two Swedish police officers are murdered with their own fire arms by the bank robbers Jackie Arklöv and Tony Olsson after a dramatic car chase.
2002 - NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
2003 - Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
2004 - The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become prime minister of Iraq's interim government.
2008 - The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.