Famous Events on this Day in History, May 23:

1059 - Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France
1275 - King Edward I of Engld orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
1420 - Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
1421 - Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled
1430 - Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the British
1493 - King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
1533 - King Henry VIII & Catherine of Aragon marriage declared null & void
1536 - Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition
1544 - German emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
1555 - Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
1568 - Battle at Heiligerlee: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, 100s killed
1568 - The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
1576 - Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory
1609 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
1611 - Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
1618 - 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War
1618 - Imperial civil servants thrown out a window of Prague Castle
1644 - Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
1647 - Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland
1660 - King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
1667 - King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
1701 - After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
1706 - Battle of Ramillies-Marlborough defeats French; 17,000 killed
1750 - Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo," premieres in Mantua
1774 - Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
1785 - Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
1788 - SC becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
1813 - South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").
1844 - Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
1853 - Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
1861 - 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
1861 - Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession
1862 - Battle at Front Royal, Virginia
1862 - Valley Campaign-Stonewall Jackson takes Ft Royal, Virginia
1863 - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
1864 - Battle of Dallas, GA
1864 - Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
1865 - -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)
1865 - Flag flown at full staff over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
1865 - Grand Review begins in Washington DC
1867 - Jesse James-gang rob bank in Richmond Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
1873 - 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
1873 - Canada's North West Mounted Police Force (RCMPF) forms
1873 - Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
1876 - 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
1878 - Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
1882 - 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
1883 - 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
1883 - Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
1884 - 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
1887 - 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
1894 - William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
1898 - 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from SF
1900 - Associated Press News Service forms in NY
1901 - 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
1901 - Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
1901 - Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
1901 - US captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
1903 - 1st automobile trip across US from SF to NY, ended April 1
1903 - 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
1907 - The unicameral Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1908 - Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die
1908 - Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Wash
1911 - NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by Pres Taft
1915 - Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary & Germany during WW I
1916 - Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
1917 - Dutch 2nd Chamber okays 1908 conscription draft
1918 - King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
1920 - Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
1921 - "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
1922 - "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
1922 - Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat
1922 - Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films
1923 - 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain
1923 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline.
1926 - Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
1926 - Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
1928 - Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
1931 - Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Beds England
1932 - Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
1934 - Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon (polymeer 66)
1934 - The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1935 - 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
1939 - British decoration, George Cross, 1st presented
1939 - British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
1939 - Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad
1939 - Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland
1939 - Submarine Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH, 26 die
1940 - 1st great dogfight between Spitfires
1941 - Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
1943 - -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
1943 - In Dr Faustus, Serenus Zeitblom begins his bio of Adrian Leverkuhn
1943 - Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus
1944 - British/Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo Italy
1944 - Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
1944 - Operation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead
1944 - Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
1945 - British milt police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
1945 - German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
1945 - Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Chief of Police, committed suicide
1945 - Lord Haw-Haw arrested at Danish boundary
1945 - Winston Churchill resigns as British PM
1947 - PC Hooft prize forms for literature
1948 - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
1948 - Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
1949 - Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
1951 - Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels," premieres in London
1953 - 79th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8
1953 - Schools 1st use Cliff's Notes
1953 - WHIZ TV channel 18 in Zanesville, OH (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Presbyterian Church begins accepting women ministers
1956 - World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF
1958 - Mao Tse tung start "Great leap forward" movement in China
1958 - Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
1959 - "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 44 perfs
1959 - Presbyterian church accepts women preachers
1960 - "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
1960 - "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24
1960 - Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
1960 - WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
1960 - WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)
1962 - Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)
1962 - OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
1962 - Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
1963 - NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000
1964 - Dale Greig runs female marathon world record (3:27:45)
1965 - Franz Jonas elected president of Austria
1965 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1965 - Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River Malawi, kills 150
1966 - Beatles release "Paperback Writer"
1967 - Government bans submarines near South Africa
1968 - AC Milan wins 8th Europe Cup II in Rotterdam
1968 - Beatles open 2nd Apple Boutique at 161 New Kings Road, London
1969 - BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus
1969 - Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
1969 - Who release rock opera "Tommy"
1970 - Grateful Dead's 1st performance outside of US (England)
1970 - SD Padres beat SF Giants 17-16 in 15 innings
1970 - USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
1970 - A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
1971 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Suzuki Golf Internationalionale
1971 - Rock group Iron Butterfly disbands
1974 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
1976 - Amy Alcott wins '76 LPGA Golf Classic
1977 - Benin adopts its constitution
1977 - Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H R Halderman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell
1977 - Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
1978 - AL approves transfer of Red Sox to Jean Yawkey for $15M
1978 - General strike in Peru
1979 - "Kids Are All Right" premieres
1979 - 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly"
1979 - Borussia Minchengladbach wins 8th UEFA Cup at Dusseldorf
1979 - Rocker Tom Petty files chapter 11 bankruptcy
1979 - West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
1980 - ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Neil Burton
1981 - Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
1981 - NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 501
1982 - BBC warns Britain will bomb Argentina
1982 - Cathy Morse wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
1982 - Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles
1982 - Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders divine
1983 - Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
1984 - Anderlecht wins 13th UEFA Cup at London
1984 - Detroit Tigers win AL record tying 16th straight road game
1986 - US & West Europeans veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
1988 - Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
1989 - 3rd American Comedy Award: Paula Poundstone
1989 - Angela Visser, 22, of Holland, crowned 38th Miss Universe
1989 - Lincoln Square in Bronx named
1989 - Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)
1990 - A C Milan wins 35th Europe Cup 1 at Vienna
1990 - Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
1990 - Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,856.26
1990 - NY Yankees hit 6 home runs to beat Minn Twins 12-0
1991 - Last Cubans troops leave Angola
1991 - Phillie Tommy Greene no-hits Mont Expos, 2-0
1991 - San Diego Sockers win 4th consecutive Major Soccer League championship
1991 - US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion
1992 - NY Yankees play in their 4th straight extra inning game
1992 - Pres Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees
1993 - Val Skinner wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1994 - 270 pilgrims dies in bustle round Mina Saudi-Arabia
1994 - Roman Herzog elected president of Germany
1994 - Star Trek The Next Generation, finale airs this week in syndication
1995 - 47th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, K Foster (Cubs)/M Freeman (Rocks)
1996 - Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
1997 - "King David," closes at New Amsterdam Theater NYC
1997 - Mel Karmazin replaces Peter Lund as CEO of CBS TV
1998 - The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
2002 - The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
2003 - The euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.
2004 - Part of Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport's Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
2008 - The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.
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