Famous Events on this Day in History, May 11:330 - Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes capital of Roman Empire
1189 - Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa & 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg
1310 - Fifty-four members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake in France for being heretics.
1330 - Constantinople (Istanbul) becomes new capital by Roman Emperor Constantine for Eastern Roman Empire
1421 - Jews are expelled from Styria Austria
1502 - Columbus begins 4th & last trip to "Indies"
1548 - Start of great fire in Brielle
1625 - Boers besiege Frankenburg estate in Upper-Austria
1647 - Peter Stuyvesant arrives in New Amsterdam.
1674 - Netherlands & Cologne sign peace treaty
1678 - French admiral Jean d'Estrees' fleet runs aground on Aves-islands, Curaaao
1689 - Battle of Bantry Bay, French & English naval battle
1690 - English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal Nova Scotia
1745 - Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war
1749 - British parliament accept Consolidation Act: fleet reorganization
1751 - 1st US hospital founded (Pennsylvania Hospital)
1752 - 1st US fire insurance policy issued (Philadelphia)
1772 - Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
1784 - England & Tippu Sahib van Mysore sign peace treaty
1792 - Columbia River discovered & named by US Capt Robert Gray
1812 - Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting & immoral. No wonder it caught on!
1812 - Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London.
1813 - In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth, lead an expedition westwards from Sydney. Their route opens up inland Australia for continued expansion throughout the 19th century.
1814 - Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh
1816 - American Bible Society forms (NY)
1818 - Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St Louis Cards, 6-0
1820 - Launch of HMS Beagle the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.
1833 - "Lady-of-the-Lake" strikes iceberg & sinks in N Atlantic; kills 215
1841 - Lt. Charles Wilkes lands at Fort Nisqually in Puget Sound.
1850 - Work starts on 1st brick building in SF
1858 - Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
1862 - Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
1864 - Battle of Yellow Tavern, VA (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)
1864 - Gen J E B Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern
1865 - Jeff Thompson surrenders
1867 - Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg
1875 - George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
1881 - Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa," premieres in Prague
1887 - 13th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Lewis aboard Montrose wins in 2:39.25
1888 - 16th Preakness: F Littlefield aboard Refund wins in 2:49
1891 - The Otsu Scandal takes place.
1892 - 18th Kentucky Derby: Lonnie Clayton aboard Azra wins in 2:41½
1893 - Henri Desgrange establishes 1st bicycle-world record (35.325 km)
1894 - American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
1897 - Wash Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers
1900 - James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavywgt boxing title
1904 - Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace
1907 - Bank of SF incorporated
1907 - A derailment outside Lompoc, California kills 32 Shriners when their chartered train jumps off the tracks at a switch near Surf Depot.
1910 - Montana's Glacier National Park forms
1911 - The United States becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1912 - 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4
1916 - Einstein's Theory of General Relativity presented
1917 - Britain grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand
1918 - 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
1919 - Yanks' Jack Quinn & Senators' Walter Johnson, 12 inning 0-0 tie
1921 - Tel Aviv is 1st all Jewish municipality
1923 - 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
1924 - Cartel des Gauches wins French parliamentary election
1924 - Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire)
1924 - Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging the two companies.
1925 - Communist Party of Holland splits
1925 - Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region constituted in RSFSR
1926 - Airship Norge leaves Spitsbergen for 1st air crossing of Arctic O
1927 - Belgium beats England 9-1 in soccer
1927 - Louis B Mayer forms Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences
1928 - 54th Kentucky Derby: Chick Lang aboard Reigh Count wins in 2:10.4
1928 - 54th Preakness: Raymond Sonny Workman aboard Victorian wins in 2:00.2
1928 - 63rd British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 292 at Royal St George's
1928 - General Electric opens 1st TV-station (Schenectady, NY)
1929 - 1st regularly scheduled TV broadcasts (3 nights per week)
1929 - Dr Annie Webb Blanton forms Delta Kappa Gamma Society in Austin Tx
1931 - Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
1935 - 61st Preakness: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 1:58.4
1940 - 66th Preakness: Fred A Smith aboard Bimelech wins in 1:58.6
1940 - NY World's Fair reopens
1941 - 1st Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England
1942 - Japanese troops conquer Kalewa
1942 - William Faulkner's collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published.
1943 - Hermann Goering-division in Tunisia surrenders
1943 - US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
1944 - Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
1944 - Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
1945 - US marines conquer Awatsha Draw Okinawa
1946 - 1st night game at Boston Braves Field (Giants 5, Braves 1)
1946 - 72nd Preakness: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:01.4
1946 - UMNO is created.
1947 - BF Goodrich announced the development of tubeless tire (Akron Ohio)
1947 - Laos accepts constitution for parliamentary democracy
1948 - Haganah takes control of Safed & port of Haifa
1948 - Luigi Einaudi elected president of Italy
1949 - 1st Polaroid camera sold $89.95 (NYC)
1949 - By a vote of 37-12, Israel becomes 59th member of UN
1949 - Siam renames itself Thailand
1950 - Belgium mine disaster at Borinage, 39 die
1950 - Eugene Ionesco's "La Cantatrice Chauve," premieres in Paris
1951 - Jay Forrester patents computer core memory
1953 - Tornado kills 114 in Waco Texas ($39M damage)
1953 - Winston Churchill criticizes John Foster Dulles domino theory
1955 - Israel attacks Gaza
1956 - Pinky Lee Show, last airs on NBC-TV
1957 - Gabriel Paris forms govt of Colombia
1958 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open
1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 - "Kookie, Kookie Lend Me Your Comb" by Byrnes & Connie Stevens hits #4
1959 - Elvis Presley's 1st entry on UK charts with "Heartbreak Hotel"
1959 - Rodgers & Barer's musical "Once upon a mattress," premieres in NYC
1959 - Yankee catcher Yogi Berra's errorless streak of 148 games ends
1960 - French liner "France" launched
1960 - Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires
1960 - The first contraceptive pill is made available on the market.
1962 - Antonio Segni becomes president of Italy
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1962 - US sends troops to Thailand
1963 - "Puff (The Magic Dragon)" by Peter, Paul & Mary hits #2
1963 - LA Dodger Sandy Koufax 2nd no-hitter beats NY Giants, 8-0
1963 - Racial bomb attacks in Birmingham Alabama
1965 - "Flora, the Red Menace" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 87 performances
1965 - 1st of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (India)
1965 - Bangladesh windstorm kills 17,000
1965 - Ellis Island added to Statue of Liberty National monument
1965 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1965 - West Indies becomes 1st holders of the Frank Worrell Cricket Trophy
1966 - Real Madrid wins 11th Europe Cup I
1967 - "Sing, Israel Sing" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 14 perfs
1967 - 100,000,000th US phone connected
1967 - Great Britain, Ireland & Denmark apply for EG membership
1968 - Richard Harris releases "MacArthur Park"
1968 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep St Louis Blues in 4 games
1968 - Students & police battle in Paris, 100s injured
1968 - The Toronto Transit Commission opens the largest expansion of its Bloor-Danforth Line, going to Scarborough in the east, and Etobicoke in the west.
1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1969 - Monty Python comedy troupe forms
1970 - Sammy Davis Jr weds Altovise
1970 - Henry Marrow is murdered in a violent racially-motivated crime in Oxford, North Carolina.
1971 - Cleveland's Steve Dunning becomes last AL pitcher to hit grand slam
1972 - Giants trade Willie Mays to Mets for pitcher Charlie Williams & cash
1972 - John Lennon says his phone is tapped by FBI on Dick Cavett Show
1972 - Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat NY Rangers, 4 games to 2
1972 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1973 - Dutch govt of Uyl forms
1973 - Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg has his charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times dismissed.
1974 - "Bad, Bad Leroy Brown" by Frank Sinatra hits #83
1974 - "Tubular Bells" by Mike Oldfield hits #7
1974 - Steely Dan releases "Rikki Don't Lose that Number"
1975 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
1975 - Flyers 1-Isles 2-Semifinals-Series tied at 3 games
1975 - Israel signs an agreement with European Economic Market
1976 - Emmy 3rd Daytime Award presentation
1976 - Last broadcast of "Marcus Welby, MD" on ABC-TV
1977 - Hamburger SV wins 17th soccer Europe Cup II
1977 - Ted Turner manages an Atlanta Braves game
1978 - Margaret A Brewer is 1st female general in the US Marine Corps
1980 - Pam Higgins wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament
1980 - Pete Rose, 39, steals second, third, & home in one inning for Phillies
1981 - Andrew Lloyd Webber/TS Eliot's musical "Cats," premieres in London
1981 - Kim Carnes' "Bette Davis Eyes" hits #1, stay there 9 weeks
1982 - Canucks 4-Isles 6-Stanley Cup-Isles hold 2-0 lead
1983 - "Dance a Little Closer" opens & closes at Minskoff Theater NYC
1983 - Aberdeen wins 23rd Europe Cup II
1983 - Comet C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock) approaches 0.0312 AUs of Earth
1984 - Johan Cruijff quits soccer
1984 - Tigers set best 30 game start record (26-4)
1984 - Transit of Earth as seen on Mars
1985 - 40 die & 150 injured in fire at Bradford City football ground
1985 - Booby trap bomb kills 86 people in India
1985 - Madonna's "Crazy For You," single goes #1
1985 - Pope John Paul II arrives in Netherlands
1985 - Soccer stadium in Bradford England catches fire; 53 die
1985 - Dave Concepcion becomes 4th Cin Red teammate to get 2,000 hits, others include Pete Rose, Tony Perez & Cesar Cedeno
1986 - Muffin Spencer-Devlin wins LPGA United Virginia Bank Golf Classic
1987 - 1st heart-lung transplant take place (Baltimore)
1987 - Corazon Aquino is elected president in the Philippines
1988 - France performs nuclear test
1988 - KV Mechelen wins 28th Europe Cup II
1988 - Mario Andretti records fastest Indianapolis 500 lap (221.565 mph)
1989 - 217th & final episode of "Dynasty" is aired
1989 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1989 - Kenya announces worldwide ban on ivory to preserve its elephant herds
1989 - President Bush orders nearly 2,000 troops to Panama
1990 - NY Yankees trade Dave Winfield to Angels for Mike Witt
1993 - 28th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks wins
1993 - Paramaribo Suriname TV studio destroyed by fire
1994 - "Grease," opens at Eugene O' Neill Theater NYC for 1,503 performances
1994 - "Naked Gun 33 1/3: The Final Insult," released in France
1994 - 6 white racists sentenced to death in South Africa
1994 - Inter Milan wins 23rd UEFA Cup
1995 - In New York City, more than 170 countries decide to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.
1996 - Florida Marlin Al Leiter no hits Colo Rockies, 11-0
1996 - Valujet DC-9 crashes in Miami, 109 die
1997 - "Play On!" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 61 performances
1997 - NY Mets C Everett & Butch Huskey are 9th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
1997 - Paine Webber Senior Golf Invitational
1997 - Sara Lee LPGA Classic
1997 - Scott McCarron wins Bellsouth Golf Classic
1997 - Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Sara Lee Classic
1998 - India conducts three underground nuclear tests in Pokhran, including a thermonuclear device.
2000 - Last performance of the musical Cats in London's West End.
2002 - Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands unveils the Man With Two Hats monument in Ottawa and Apeldoorn (May 2), 2000, symbolically linking both the Netherlands and Canada for their assistance throughout the Second World War.
2007 - Pope Benedict XVI canonizes the first Brazilian-born saint, Frei Galvão.
2009 - An American soldier in Iraq opened fire on a counseling center at Camp Liberty in Bagdhad, leaving 5 other US soldiers dead and 3 soldiers wounded.