Famous Events on this Day in History, January 13:888 - Duke Odo becomes king of West-France
888 - Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
1099 - Crusaders set fire to Mara Syria
1547 - Earl Henry Howard of Surrey sentenced to death
1559 - Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey
1605 - The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
1607 - The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
1630 - Patent to Plymouth Colony issued
1673 - Jean Racine's "Mithridate," premieres in Paris
1695 - Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
1733 - James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC
1770 - De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis," premieres in Paris
1785 - John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times
1794 - Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
1822 - The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 - Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
1840 - The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
1842 - Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
1849 - Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
1854 - Anthony Foss patents accordion
1863 - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
1863 - Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
1865 - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
1869 - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
1869 - National convention of black leaders meets in Wash DC
1873 - P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
1874 - Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
1874 - US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
1882 - Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
1883 - Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430
1883 - Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende," premieres in Oslo
1888 - National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
1893 - British Independent Labor Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
1893 - U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
1894 - Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
1895 - Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London
1898 - Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Dreyfus
1902 - Textile workers strike in Enschede Neth till June 1
1906 - 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
1908 - French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip
1908 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
1908 - Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
1910 - JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows," premieres in Dublin
1911 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten," premieres in Berlin
1911 - Roald Amundsens anchors at Walvis Bay
1911 - South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
1912 - -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
1914 - IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
1915 - Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
1915 - W Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
1919 - Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
1920 - NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
1922 - Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
1922 - Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
1922 - WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions
1924 - Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
1927 - US & Mexico battle over oil interests
1929 - Humanist Society established, Hollywood Calif
1930 - "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
1934 - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
1935 - Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
1938 - The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
1939 - Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco
1939 - The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 - Allied Conference for war trials
1942 - German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast
1942 - Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
1942 - Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
1942 - World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1943 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
1943 - Hitler declares "Total War"
1943 - Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
1943 - US infantry captures Galloping Horse-ridge Guadalcanal
1945 - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
1948 - 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin
1949 - "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 perfs
1951 - German general F Christian freed early from Dutch prison
1953 - Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
1953 - KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
1954 - Milt rule in Egypt; 318 Mohammedan Brotherhood arrested
1954 - WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
1957 - Mickey Wright wins Sea Island Golf Open
1957 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 19-10
1957 - Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee
1958 - 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
1958 - US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
1958 - Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1959 - De Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 to Algerian death row convicts
1959 - King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
1962 - "Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater NYC after 400 performances
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of Warriors scores then NBA-record 73 pts vs Chicago
1963 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 21-14
1963 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-20
1964 - Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow
1964 - Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
1966 - 1st black selected for pres cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD)
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Coup in Togo
1967 - Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show
1968 - "Hallelujah, Baby!" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 293 perfs
1968 - "Illya Darling" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 320 perfs
1968 - Beginning of Tet-offensive in Vietnam
1968 - Minn North Stars center Bill Masterton fatally injured (dies on 15th)
1969 - Beatles release "Yellow Submarine" album
1971 - "Soon" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 3 performances
1972 - Former umpire, now housewife Bernice Gera wins her suit against baseball, initiated on March 15, 1971 to be allowed to umpire
1973 - "Tricks" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 8 performances
1973 - Efskind skates world record 1000m (1:17.6)
1974 - Superbowl VIII: Miami Dolphins beat Minn Vikings, 24-7 in Houston Superbowl MVP: Larry Csonka, Miami, RB
1974 - Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
1976 - Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NY's Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata"
1979 - Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam
1979 - YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song
1980 - "King of Schnorrers" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 63 perfs
1980 - Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
1980 - Togo's constitution becomes effective
1981 - Barbara Sonntag, Colo, crochets record 147 stitches/min for 1/2 hour
1981 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson & Howard Nemerov
1981 - Islander's Mike Bossy's 15th career hat trick-4 goals
1982 - Hank Aaron & Frank Robinson elected to Hall of Fame
1982 - Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstorm, crashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, DC, & falls into Potomac River, killing 78
1983 - AMA urges ban on boxing sites Muhammad Ali's deteriorating condition
1983 - Quebec Nordiques play 251st NHL game without being shut out
1984 - TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV
1985 - 23rd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1)
1985 - 99-yr-old Otto Bucher scores a hole-in-one at Spanish golf course
1985 - Blackhawk Doug Wilson failed on 12th penalty shot against Islanders
1985 - Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $17,100,000
1985 - Express train derails in Ethiopia, kills at least 428
1986 - NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams
1986 - South Yemen Pres Ali Nasser Mohammed's bodyguard shoots opponents
1987 - 7 top NY Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each
1987 - W German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking
1988 - LA Dodger/SD Padre Steve Garvey retires
1988 - Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities
1989 - "Friday the 13th" virus strikes hundreds of IBM computers in Britain
1989 - "Ryan's Hope" ends 13½ year run on ABC-TV
1989 - Computers across Britain hit by "Friday the 13th" virus
1989 - Jerry Parks, Okla defensive back, charged with shooting a teammate
1989 - Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
1989 - Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence
1990 - 1st elected US black governor inaugurated (Douglas Wilder-Virginia)
1991 - 12th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 25 awards
1991 - 42 killed in exhibition soccer match in Johannesburg South Africa
1991 - Phil Mickelson wins PGA Northern Telecom Golf Open
1991 - Pres Mario Soares of Portugal re-elected
1991 - Soccer stadium riot in Orkney South Africa, at least 40 die
1991 - UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar meets with Saddam
1992 - Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins
1992 - US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane
1992 - Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
1993 - STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
1993 - Super Bowl XXVII in Pasadena - Cowboys beat Bills
1994 - Italian govt of Ciampi resigns
1994 - Tonya Harding's bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt & Derrick Brian Smith arrested & charged with conspiracy in attack of skater Nancy Kerrigan
1995 - 26 HNL teams unanimously ratify agreement to end NHL strike
1995 - America3 becomes 1st all-female crew to win an America's Cup race
1998 - "Patti LaBelle On Broadway," opens at St James Theater NYC
1998 - CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-years
1999 - Basketball player Michael Jordan announces his retirement only to return in 2001
2000 - Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position
2001 - Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people
2003 - Rock musician Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. He was later cleared.
2007 - Two thirds of the Venus's southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.