Famous Events on this Day in History, May 03:

1294 - John II becomes duke of Brabant/Limburg
1342 - Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
1382 - Battle on Beverhoutsfield near Brugge
1455 - Jews flee Spain
1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I.
1494 - Columbus discovers Jamaica
1494 - Jamaica discovered by Columbus; he names it "St Iago"
1512 - 5th Lateran Council (18th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1512 - Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateranen
1515 - Persian Gulf: Portugese fleet occupies Ormuz
1616 - Treaty of Loudun kills French civil war
1621 - Francis Bacon accused of bribery
1624 - Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
1629 - French huguenot leader duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
1640 - English Upper house accept Act of Attainder
1654 - Bridge at Rowley Mass begins charging tolls for animals
1660 - Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
1661 - Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen
1662 - Royal charter granted Connecticut
1678 - French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die
1715 - Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"
1722 - Pierre de Marivaux' "La Double Inconstance," premieres in Paris
1747 - Willem IV appointed viceroy of Holland/Utrecht
1765 - 1st US medical college opens in Philadelphia
1791 - The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1802 - Washington DC incorporates as a city
1802 - Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.
1808 - Goya's "Executions of 3rd of May"
1808 - Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
1808 - Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
1810 - Lord Byron swims Hellespont
1815 - Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
1822 - Society for Propagation of Faith starts (Lyon, France)
1830 - 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
1837 - The University of Athens is founded.
1845 - 1st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)
1845 - Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China
1846 - Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
1849 - The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
1851 - Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die
1855 - Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
1860 - Charles XV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
1861 - Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan
1861 - Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen
1863 - Battle of Chancellorsville-Beaten Union army withdraws
1863 - Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
1863 - Battle of Salem Church, VA
1864 - 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
1867 - The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
1886 - M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, BC
1898 - Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
1900 - 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
1901 - Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
1902 - 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75
1903 - AVC Heracles (SC Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
1906 - British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
1909 - 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2
1916 - The leaders of the Easter Rising are executed in Dublin.
1917 - 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
1919 - Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
1919 - America's 1st passenger flight (NY-Atlantic City)
1921 - West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
1922 - Mayor Hylan closes streets for building of Yankee Stadium
1922 - Salt layer find at Winterswijk
1923 - 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
1924 - Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber.
1926 - British general strike-3 million workers support miners
1926 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
1926 - US marines land in Nicaragua (9-mo after leaving), stay until 1933
1928 - Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
1929 - Prussia bans anti-fascists
1932 - 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switz)
1933 - 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of US Mint takes office
1934 - Bradman scores 206 Aust v Worcestershire, 210 mins, 27 fours
1936 - French People's Front wins elections
1936 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits
1937 - Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
1938 - Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
1938 - Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
1938 - Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
1939 - The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
1941 - -4] German air raid on Liverpool
1941 - 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 2:01.4
1942 - Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands
1942 - Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
1942 - Nazi's execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
1942 - Nazi's require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
1943 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)
1943 - Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
1943 - US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
1944 - "Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway
1944 - Meat rationing ends in US
1945 - 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
1945 - Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
1945 - British troop join in Rangoon
1945 - German ship "Cap Arcona" sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed
1946 - International military tribunal in Tokyo begins
1947 - 73rd Kentucky Derby: Eric Guerin aboard Jet Pilot wins in 2:06.8
1947 - Japan forms a constitutional democracy
1947 - New post-war Japanese constitution goes into effect.
1948 - Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams
1949 - 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
1951 - Gil McDougald ties major league record with 6 RBIs in 1 inning
1951 - NY Yankee Gil McDougald is 5th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (9th)
1951 - London's Royal Festival Hall opens.
1951 - The Festival of Britain opens.
1952 - "Call Me Madam" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 644 performances
1952 - 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
1952 - 78th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Gail wins in 2:01.6
1953 - WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Westchester conf of Amer Library Assoc proclaims "Freedom to Read"
1954 - KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick
1954 - WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - "Most Happy Fella" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 678 performances
1956 - A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
1956 - Frank Loesser's musical "Most Happy Fella," premieres in NYC
1958 - 84th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Tim Tam wins in 2:05
1958 - WINS suspends Alan Freed for causing a riot in Boston, he quits
1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Land of the Sky Golf Tournament
1959 - Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader
1960 - Harvey Schmidt/Tom Jones' musical "Fantasticks," premieres in NYC
1960 - The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
1961 - Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter
1962 - Express train crashed into wreckage of a commuter train & a freight, killing 163, injuring 400 (Tokyo, Japan)
1963 - Leslie Narum is only Balt Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
1963 - Martin Luther King Jr delivers his "I have a dream" speech
1964 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Clifford Ann Creed Golf Invitational
1965 - 1st use of satellite TV, Today Show on Early Bird Satellite
1965 - 3rd Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 2-1 in 10
1965 - Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with the US
1965 - Don Steele, begins a 40+ year radio career at KRTH (LA Calif)
1965 - KTCI TV channel 17 in St. Paul-Minneapolis, MN (PBS) 1st broadcast
1965 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Irwin Unger (Greenback Era)
1966 - WDHO (now WNWO) TV channel 24 in Toledo, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1967 - Black students seize finance building at Northwestern U
1968 - Holland Pirate Radio Station VRON becomes Radio Veronica Intl
1969 - "Trumpets of the Lord" closes at Brooks Atkinson NYC after 7 perfs
1969 - 95th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Majestic Prince wins in 2:01.8
1970 - 24th NBA Championship: NY Knicks beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
1970 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Golf Invitational
1971 - All Things Considered premieres on 112 National Public Radio stations
1971 - Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader
1971 - National Public Radio begins programming
1971 - Nixon administration arrests 13,000 anti-war protesters in 3 days
1971 - Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)
1973 - Chicago's Sears Tower, world's tallest building (443 m), topped out
1973 - KC Royals' George Brett gets his 1st major league hit
1975 - 101st Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Foolish Pleasure wins 2:02
1975 - Christa Vahlensieck runs female world record marathon (2:40:15.8)
1976 - Panama 747SP lands after record flight around world (46:26)
1976 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Saul Bellow (Humboldt's Gift)
1978 - "Sun Day" - solar energy events are held in US
1978 - Anderlecht wins 18th Europe Cup II
1978 - Last cricket test match appearance for Bobby Simpson, at Kingston
1978 - WI all set to lose cricket test v Aust at Kingston till riots end game
1978 - The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as "spam") is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.
1979 - 1st woman prime minister of Great Britain (Margaret Thatcher)
1979 - Bobby Bonds hits his 300th HR (2nd to have 300 HRs & 300 stolen bases)
1979 - Martin Sherman's "Bent," premieres in London
1980 - 106th Kentucky Derby: Jacinto Vasquez on Genuine Risk wins in 2:02
1980 - Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits his 521st & final HR
1980 - Texas Ranger Ferguson Jenkins becomes 4th to win 100 games in AL & NL
1981 - "Can-Can" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 5 performances
1981 - "Moony, Shapiro Songbook" opens & closes at Morosco Theater NYC
1981 - Sally Little wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International
1982 - ABC's All Talk network begins on radio (2 west coast stations)
1982 - NY Times reports that military will get 25% of NASA's budget
1982 - Pres Reagan begins 5 minute weekly radio broadcasts
1983 - Bruins 3-Isles 8-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 3-1 lead
1983 - Soviet leader Andropov decreases nuclear weapons in Europe
1983 - US bishops condemn nuclear weapons
1985 - Date of $5 million check in "View to a Kill"
1986 - 112th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Ferdinand wins in 2:02.8
1986 - Air Lanka crashes, killing 22
1986 - Cubs 3rd baseman Ron Cey hits his 300th & 301st HR
1986 - NASA launches Goes-G, it failed to achieve orbit
1986 - NY Yankee Don Mattingly is 6th to hit 3 sacrifice flies in a game
1987 - "Mikado" closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 46 performances
1987 - Cindy Hill wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1987 - Miami Herald reports a woman spent Friday & Saturday with Gary Hart
1988 - 4,200 kg Colombian cocaine in seized at Tarpon Springs Florida
1988 - Jasper Johns' "Diver" sold for $4,200,000
1991 - Andy Williams weds Debbie Hass
1991 - 356th & final episode of CBS 2nd longest running series Dallas, 2nd only to Gunsmoke
1991 - The Declaration of Windhoek is signed.
1992 - Balt's Gregg Olson, 25, is youngest to record 100 saves
1992 - Beverly Hills 90210 Gabrielle Carteris marries Charles Isaacs
1992 - Danielle Ammaccapane wins LPGA Centel Golf Classic
1992 - NY Met Eddie Murray is 24th to hit 400 HRS
1992 - Ohio Glory wins 1st WLAF game (after 6 loses), beat Frankfurt 20-17
1992 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Centel Senior Golf Challenge
1993 - "Kiss of the Spider Woman" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 906 perfs
1994 - 29th Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks wins
1994 - D66/Dutch Liberal Party win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
1994 - US space probe Clementine launched
1995 - "My Thing of Love" opens at Beck Theater NYC for 16 performances
1995 - Australia beat West Indies to regain the Frank Worrell Cricket Trophy
1995 - David Bell debuts for the Indians (3rd generation player, Gus & Buddy)
1996 - Martin Moxon & Michael Vaughan make 362 1st wkt Yorks v Glam
1997 - 123rd Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens aboard Silver Charm wins in 2:02.3
1997 - ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jason Queen
1997 - Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue
1998 - wins Titleholders Golf Championship
1999 - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is slammed by an F5 tornado killing forty-two people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage. The tornado was one of 66 from the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak.
1999 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 11,000 for the first time in its history at 11,014.70.
1999 - Stephen Hendry defeats Mark Williams 18-11 to win the World Snooker Championship for a record seventh time.
2000 - The sport of geocaching begins, with the first cache placed and the coordinates from a GPS posted on Usenet.
2001 - The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.
2002 - A military MiG-21 aircraft crashes into the Bank of Rajasthan in India, killing eight.
2003 - New Hampshire's famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses.
2006 - Armavia Flight 967 crashes into the Black Sea, killing 113 people on board, with no survivors.
2006 - Zacarias Moussaoui is sentenced to life in prison in Alexandria, Virginia.
2007 - British girl Madeleine McCann disappears from her bed in a holiday apartment in Praia da Luz, Portugal.
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