Famous Events on this Day in History, April 30:311 - Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
711 - Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
1064 - German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland
1315 - Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
1349 - Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated
1396 - Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
1483 - Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503.
1492 - Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
1492 - Spain announces it will expels all Jews
1506 - Philip of Bourgondy & England sign trade agreement
1527 - England & France sign treaty of Westminster
1562 - 1st French colonists in US: Jean Ribaut & Hugenots at Parris Is NC
1563 - Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
1598 - 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
1616 - English King Jacob I leaves Brielle/Vlissingen
1650 - French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
1661 - Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
1671 - Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
1695 - William Congreve's "Love for Love," premieres in London
1722 - Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
1725 - Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
1748 - Ceasefire at Aken ends
1748 - French troops occupy Maastricht
1763 - London Journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower
1772 - John Clais patents 1st scale
1774 - Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
1789 - George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of US
1790 - Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
1794 - The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
1798 - Dept of Navy forms
1803 - US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
1804 - Hague's Theater opens
1808 - 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
1812 - (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
1838 - Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
1852 - Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi," premieres in St Petersburg
1857 - San Jose State University forms
1859 - Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26
1859 - Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
1860 - Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
1861 - President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory
1862 - Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
1863 - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
1864 - Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed
1864 - New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
1865 - -5/1] Gen Shermans "Haines's Bluff" at Snyder's Mill, Virginia
1869 - Hawaiian YMCA organized
1871 - Apaches in Arizona surrender to white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
1871 - The Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
1885 - Boston Pops Orchestra forms
1887 - 1st game played at Broad & Huntingdon St Park (Baker Bowl) in Philadelphia; Phillies beat Giants 19-10
1888 - Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
1889 - 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
1889 - George Washington Bridge linking NYC & NJ opens
1898 - Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
1900 - 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
1900 - USA annexes Hawaii
1900 - Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
1902 - Debussy's opera "Pelléas et Mélissande," premieres in Paris
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St & Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Wash Senators, 6-2
1904 - Ice cream cone makes its debut
1905 - 1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4)
1907 - Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
1910 - Cleve Indian Addie Joss wins 2nd no-hitter beating White Sox
1911 - Portugal approves woman suffrage
1916 - Chic Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
1918 - Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
1919 - Phillies beat Bkln Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
1921 - American Professional Football Assn reorganizes in Akron
1921 - Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
1922 - Chic White Sox Charles Robertson perfect games Detroit Tigers, 2-0
1925 - Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
1927 - Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
1928 - Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
1929 - Earnest Streeruwitz becomes chancellor of Austria
1934 - Austrian gets "Austrian facist" constitution
1935 - World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
1937 - General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth
1937 - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
1938 - Bradman scores 258 Aust v Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
1938 - The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.
1939 - NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair
1939 - Tropicana ballet of Havana Cuba, forms
1940 - Bkln Dodger Tex Carleton no-hits Cin Reds, 3-0
1941 - Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
1942 - 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
1943 - Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
1943 - Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
1943 - Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed," premieres in London
1944 - NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
1944 - NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
1945 - "Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
1945 - Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
1945 - Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks
1945 - Red Army occupies Demmin
1945 - Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
1945 - Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
1945 - US troops attack the Elbe
1946 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller's 2nd no-hitter beats NY Yankees, 1-0
1947 - Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
1948 - "Inside USA" opens at Century Theater NYC for 339 performances
1948 - Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
1948 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1950 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA 144-hole Golf Weathervane
1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Stockton Golf Open
1952 - Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television
1953 - Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
1954 - Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orch premieres in Haifa
1955 - Element 101, Mendelevium, announced
1955 - Imperial Bank of India nationalized
1955 - Perez Prado's "Cherry Pink & Apple Blossom White" goes #1 for 10 weeks
1955 - West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages
1958 - Ted Williams is 10th major league player to get 1,000 extra-base hits
1961 - 1st shuttle flights between Wash DC, Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
1961 - Lee Harvey Oswald marries Marina Prusakova in Minsk USSR
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1961 - Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
1961 - SF Giant Willie Mays hits 4 HRs in a game
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m
1962 - Willie Mays hits 4 HRs
1967 - Highest tower to the world finished, 537m (USSR)
1967 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
1967 - NY Met pitcher Tom Seaver wins hist 1st game
1967 - Orioles' Stu Miller & Steve Barber lose 2-1 despite no-hitting Tigers
1968 - 3 Oriole pitchers walk 14 NY Yankees in a 9 inning game
1969 - Cin Red Jim Maloney 3rd no-hitter beats Houston Astros, 10-0
1969 - WEDB TV channel 40 in Berlin, NH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - Cubs Billy Williams is 1st NLer to play in 1,000 consecutive games
1970 - US troops invade Cambodia
1971 - 25th NBA Championship: Milwaukee beat Balt Bullets in 4 games
1972 - "Arthur Godfrey Time" ends a 27 year run on radio
1972 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Open
1973 - Nixon announces resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al
1973 - Paul McCartney releases "Red Rose Speedway" including "My Love"
1973 - Women's tennis groups end disputes over sanctioning tournaments
1974 - Pres Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings
1975 - Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders
1976 - Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 - Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg Manitoba
1976 - Wings release "Silly Love Songs"
1977 - "Party with Comden & Green" closes at Morosco NYC after 92 perfs
1977 - Billy Graham beats Bruno Sammartino in Baltimore, to become WWF champ
1977 - Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April
1978 - "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" closes at Palace NYC after 101 perfs
1978 - Janet Coles wins LPGA Natural Light Lady Tara Golf Classic
1979 - Mary Therese Friel, (New York), crowned 28th Miss USA
1980 - "Barnum" opens at St James Theater NYC for 854 performances
1980 - Ronald Harwood's "Dresser," premieres in London
1980 - Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
1980 - Beatrix, Wilhelmina Armgard, crowned queen of Netherlands
1980 - Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates
1981 - "Can-Can" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 5 performances
1981 - 16th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones
1982 - Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as pres of El Salvador
1982 - Atlanta Braves win record 12th straight from beginning of season
1982 - Iranian offensive in Khusistan
1983 - Bruins 3-Isles 7-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 2-1 lead
1984 - 1700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are Sweden
1984 - Strong winds cause a 30 min delay in Toronto Blue Jays game
1985 - Dale Murphy drives in record tying 28th & 29th runs of April
1985 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1985 - Last edition of Brink Daily Mail/Sunday Express in South Africa
1986 - Ashrita Furman peformed 8,341 somersaults over 12 miles
1986 - Mariners strike out 16 times, set record of 36 in 2 consecutive games
1987 - Lou Lamoriello is named NJ Devils President
1987 - NY Islander Mike Bossy plays his final game
1988 - Baltimore Orioles win record 14th straight from beginning of season
1988 - Largest banana split ever, at 455 miles long, was made in Penns
1988 - NJ Devils beat Caps 3-2 taking 7th game of Patrick Division final
1988 - NY Knights 1st arena football game beats Cobras 60-52 (10,157 in LA)
1988 - NY Yank Dave Winfield gets his 29th RBI of April-Sets AL & ties ML Rec
1988 - World Exposition, Expo 88 opens in Brisbane Australia
1989 - Critics Siskel & Ebert film their 500th TV movie-review show
1989 - Kathy Postlewait wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
1989 - Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar
1989 - US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup
1990 - As Met pitcher David Cone argues a call at 1st base, 2 Braves score
1990 - Seattle's Brian Holman's perfect game broken up with 2 outs in 9th
1990 - US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space
1990 - US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians
1991 - In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless
1992 - 208th & final episode of Cosby Show on NBC-TV
1993 - The World Wide Web is born at CERN.
1993 - Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom.
1994 - Soccer great Pele (53) weds psychologist Assiria Seixas Lemos (36)
1995 - "Blood Brothers" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 839 perfs
1995 - "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 24 perfs
1995 - "Rose Tattoo" opens at Circle in the Square Theater NYC for 80 perfs
1995 - After 120 years the last 15 A & S dept stores close
1995 - Val Skinner wins LPGA Sprint Golf Championship
1996 - "Buried Child," opens at Atkinson Theater NYC for 77 performances
1996 - Dutch/Itallian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral
1996 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Grand Rapids MI on WKLQ 94.5 FM
1997 - "London Assurance," opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 72 performances
1997 - 42 million watch "Ellen" admit she is gay
1997 - Atlanta Braves win record 19 games in April
1997 - Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
1997 - Pres Clinton's daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
1997 - Tajik Prest Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
1997 - Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April
1999 - Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
2001 - The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
2002 - A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
2004 - U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
2008 - Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.
2009 - Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2009 - Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured.
2009 - The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.