Famous Events on this Day in History, April 27:

1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland.
1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
1509 - Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
1518 - Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant
1522 - Battle at Bicacca: Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France
1526 - Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi
1539 - Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
1565 - 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines, Cebu City, forms
1576 - Peace of Beaulieu & Paix de Monsieur
1578 - Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
1643 - Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez," premieres in Madrid
1646 - King Charles I flees Oxford
1650 - Scottish general Montrose defeated
1650 - The Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invades mainland Scotland from Orkney Island but is defeated by a Covenanter army.
1662 - Netherlands & France sign military covenant
1667 - The blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.
1694 - Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
1746 - Battle at Culloden Moor: Duke of Cumberland beats "James VIII & III"
1749 - First performance of Handel's Fireworks Music in Green Park, London.
1773 - British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
1805 - US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
1810 - Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
1813 - Americans under Gen Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
1828 - Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London, opens
1838 - Fire destroys half of Charleston
1840 - Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.
1841 - Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
1857 - Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
1859 - "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
1860 - Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
1861 - President Abe Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus
1861 - West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from US
1863 - Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
1865 - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
1865 - Steamboat "Sultana" explodes in Mississippi River, kills up to 1,547. 1450 of 2000 paroled Union POWs on their way home are killed when river steamer "Sultana" blows up
1867 - Opera "Romeo et Juliette" is produced (Paris)
1870 - Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
1874 - White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
1877 - Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
1877 - President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
1881 - Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
1890 - French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou West Sudan
1897 - Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
1903 - 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Phila A's win 6-0
1903 - Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
1904 - The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
1905 - World Exposition opens in Luik
1908 - 4th modern Olympic games opens in London
1909 - Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
1910 - Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
1911 - Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.
1912 - Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands
1914 - Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
1920 - Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
1921 - Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
1922 - Fritz Langs "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
1922 - Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
1923 - Mussolini govt italian place in South Tirol/Alto Adige
1924 - Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
1926 - In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
1927 - Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
1931 - 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
1933 - Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Wash DC
1933 - Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
1935 - Brussel's World Expo opens
1935 - Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Phila A's 9-8
1937 - 1st US social security payment made
1940 - Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1941 - German troops occupy Athens Greece
1942 - Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars
1942 - Tornado destroys Pryor Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300
1943 - Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland
1943 - Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
1944 - Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
1945 - 2nd Republic of Austria forms
1945 - Italian partisans capture Mussolini prisoner
1945 - US 5th army enters Genua
1945 - World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication.
1946 - 1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed
1947 - Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium & through out US
1948 - Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
1950 - "Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances
1950 - South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
1951 - Mohammed Mossadeq chosen premier of Persia
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 perfs
1953 - 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
1953 - Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
1956 - Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
1956 - Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing
1959 - "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
1959 - Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China PR
1959 - The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
1960 - 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)
1960 - South Korean pres Syngman Rhee resigns
1960 - Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French adm
1961 - NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
1961 - NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
1961 - Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
1962 - Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything," premieres in London
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1963 - "Jopie" Pengel forms govt in Suriname
1963 - Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow
1964 - John Lennon's "In His Own Write" is published in US
1965 - "I'm Solomon" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 7 perfs
1965 - RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper
1966 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd cello concert
1967 - Expo '67 opens in Montreal
1967 - Rocky Marciano retires as undefeated boxing champ
1967 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1968 - "Education of Hyman Kaplan" closes at Alvin NYC after 28 perfs
1968 - Balt Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
1968 - Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
1971 - Curt Flood resigns Senators after 13 games & departs for Denmark
1972 - Apollo 16 returns to Earth
1972 - NYC Mayor John Lindsey appeals that John Lennon not be deported
1973 - KC Royal Steve Busby no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
1974 - Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
1975 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 - "So Long 174th St" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 16 performances
1976 - Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
1977 - Bloody riots in Soweto South Africa
1977 - HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
1977 - 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
1978 - 14th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 4-3 in 11
1978 - Accident at nuclear reactor Willow Island, W Virginia, kills 51
1978 - Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup
1979 - George Harrison releases "Love Comes to Everyone"
1980 - Barbara Barrow wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
1981 - 1st female soccer official is hired by NASL
1981 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries actress Barbara Bach [Goldbach]
1981 - Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.
1982 - Nordiques 1-Isles 4-Semifinals-Isles hold 1-0 lead
1982 - Trial of John W Hinckley Jr attempted assassin of Reagan, begins
1983 - Nolan Ryan becomes strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson
1984 - Cleve Indians beat Detroit Tigers, 8-4, in 19 innings
1984 - Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake Montana
1986 - "Sweet Charity" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 368 performances
1986 - Captain Midnight (John R MacDougall) interrupts HBO
1986 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1987 - US Justice Dept bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II
1989 - "Starmites" opens at Criter Ctr SR Theater NYC for 60 performances
1989 - Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China
1989 - Hurricane in Bangladesh, kills 500
1989 - Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy
1990 - 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)
1990 - Dodger Orel Hershiser undergoes career-threatening shoulder surgery
1990 - Villanova's women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10
1991 - "Lucifer's Child" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 28 perfs
1991 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by David Ozio
1992 - "Small Family Business" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 48 perfs
1992 - NY Jets finish perfect 5-0 pre-season for 1st time
1992 - NY Mets trade David Cone to Toronto Blue Jays for Jeff Kent
1992 - The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed.
1992 - Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
1993 - Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76
1994 - "Inspector Calls" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 454 performances
1994 - 29.0°C in Genevad, Sweden (Swedish April high temperature record)
1994 - 7th longest NHL game: NJ Devils beat Buffalo Sabres (125 min 43 sec)
1994 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (52,713 km)
1994 - President Nixon buried in Nixon Library in Calif
1994 - Twins righty Scott Erickson no-hits Brewers 6-0
1995 - "Indiscretions" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 perfs
1995 - Coors Field in Colo opens - Denver Rockies beats Mets 11-9 in 14
1996 - Brunswick World Tournament of Champions won by Dave D'Entremont
1997 - "Little Foxes," opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 56 performances
1997 - "Stanley," closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
1997 - Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks
1997 - Las Vegas Senior Golf Classic by TruGreen-ChemLawn
1997 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Championship
2002 - The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10.
2004 - Oscar-winning actress Halle Berry files for divorce from her second husband, R&B singer Eric Benet, six months after the couple separated
2005 - The Superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France.
2006 - Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.
2007 - Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.
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