Famous Events on this Day in History, April 23:

215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.
1014 - King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf
1154 - Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
1229 - Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres.
1343 - St. George's Night Uprising.
1348 - 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)
1500 - Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
1501 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral & 6 ships return to Lisbon
1504 - King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria
1597 - William Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.
1616 - Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England
1633 - Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
1660 - Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
1661 - English king Charles II crowned in London
1662 - Connecticut chartered as an English colony
1705 - Richard Steele's "Tender Husband," premieres in London
1723 - Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht
1775 - Opera "Il Ré Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)
1789 - President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY
1795 - William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
1798 - Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
1826 - Missolonghi captured by Turks
1827 - William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.
1838 - English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in NYC
1851 - Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
1860 - Dem convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
1861 - Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
1861 - Battle of San Antonio, TX
1864 - Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
1867 - Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel
1871 - Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
1878 - 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
1881 - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
1883 - John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch govt
1891 - Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
1896 - Premier of motion pictures (Koster & Bial's Music Hall, NYC)
1896 - Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (NYC)
1900 - 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Wash Senators 7-2
1904 - American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
1908 - Denmark, Germany, Engld, France, Neth & Sweden signs North Sea accord
1910 - International Exhibition opens in Brussels
1915 - ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
1916 - Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn," premieres in NYC
1918 - Battle of Zeebrugge ends
1918 - Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
1918 - National Urban League forms
1919 - Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season
1920 - Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
1920 - The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
1921 - Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
1923 - Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
1924 - British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
1925 - 1st London performance of operetta "Fasquita" staged
1925 - Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO) forms
1932 - Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon
1932 - The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.
1933 - Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal
1935 - Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
1936 - Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win
1938 - Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
1939 - 1st performance of Béla Bartok's 2nd Concerto for violin
1939 - Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR
1940 - Dance hall fires kills 198 (Natchez Miss)
1940 - NY Yankees dedicate a plaque to Jacob Rupert
1941 - Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt
1942 - 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
1942 - Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
1943 - British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
1945 - Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
1945 - US troops in Italy cross river Po
1946 - Bkln Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
1948 - KSTP TV channel 5 in St Paul-Minneapolis, MN (ABC) 1st broadcast
1949 - Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing
1949 - Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in SF
1949 - Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
1950 - 1st major league day game completed under lights (Phils 6, Braves 5)
1950 - 4th NBA Championship: Min Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 2
1950 - Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island
1950 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 4 games to 3
1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Richmond Women's Golf Open
1952 - Bob Cain of Browns & Bob Feller of Indians each pitch a one-hitter
1952 - NY Giant Hoyt Wilhelm wins his 1st relief game & hits his only HR
1952 - Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed
1953 - General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
1953 - KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers
1955 - "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
1955 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open
1956 - US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses
1958 - Gil Hodges hits his 300th HR & Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game
1959 - "Destry Rides Again" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 472 perfs
1959 - 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
1960 - 1st performance of Ferde Grofe's "San Francisco Suite"
1961 - "Tenderloin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 216 performances
1961 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1961 - Algiers putsch by French generals.
1962 - 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched
1962 - NY Mets win their 1st game ever, after going 0-9, beat Pirates 9-1
1962 - Ranger 4, 1st US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral
1963 - "She Loves Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 302 perfs
1963 - Jerry Bock & S Harnick's musical "She Loves Me," premieres in NYC
1964 - James Baldwin's "Blues for Mr Charlie," premieres in NYC
1964 - New York State Theater opens
1964 - Houston Colt 45s Ken Johnson becomes 1st major league pitcher to lose a 9 inning no-hitter, Reds win 1-0
1965 - Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
1967 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational
1967 - Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty
1968 - "I'm Solomon" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 7 performances
1968 - 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 pence)
1968 - United Methodist Church forms
1969 - ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jim Chestney
1969 - LA Laker Jerry West scores 53 points
1969 - Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province China
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy
1971 - Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike
1971 - Soyuz 10 launched; cosmonauts become 1st in Salyut 1 space station
1972 - 26th Tony Awards: Sticks & Bones & 2 Gentlemen of Verona win
1972 - Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface
1972 - Betty Burfeind wins LPGA Birmingham Centennital Golf Classic
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1975 - Harold Pinter's "No Man's Land," premieres in London
1977 - ADO The Hague soccer team forms
1977 - Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
1977 - Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa
1977 - Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10
1978 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender Golf Classic
1978 - Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd
1978 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1979 - Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
1980 - Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
1982 - Conch Republic is established.
1982 - The ZX Spectrum is released.
1983 - David Hookes scores his only Test Cricket century, 143* v Sri Lanka
1984 - AIDS-virus identified (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
1985 - Brooklyn College soccer team wins Nepal's invitational
1985 - Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula
1985 - Flyers 5-Isles 3-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 3-0 lead
1985 - New Coke debuts
1986 - Grand Floridian Beach Resort groundbreaking
1986 - Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60m indoor (7 sec)
1987 - 28 construction workers killed in an apt collapse in Bridgeport, Ct
1987 - NJ Devils farm team Maine Mariners (AHL) move to Utica (Devils) NY
1988 - A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles
1988 - Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hrs or less
1988 - Karolina Szabo runs female world record 25k (1:29:30)/30k (1:47;06)
1989 - Betsy King wins LPGA USX Golf Classic
1989 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game as a Laker
1989 - Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning
1989 - Students in Beijing China announce class boycotts
1990 - 11th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1991 - Bjorn Borg loses 6-2, 6-3 to Jordi Arrese after 8 year lay off
1991 - Gordon Greenidge scores 223 v Aus, his last Test Cricket knock at home
1991 - USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions
1992 - "Shirnada" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances
1992 - Marion Berry (former mayor of Wash DC) let out of prison
1992 - McDonald's opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China
1993 - Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia
1993 - Motley Crue's Mike Mars files for divorce from Emi-Canyn
1993 - Peter Townshend's musical "Tommy," premieres in NYC
1994 - Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives Haiti
1994 - General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke
1994 - Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of NY
1995 - Laura Davis wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship
1995 - Pres Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Okla City
1996 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Reno NV on KRZQ 96.5 FM
1996 - Sotherby begins 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million
1997 - "Titanic," opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
1997 - 32nd Academy of Country Music Awards: LeAnn Rines & Brooks & Dunn
1997 - Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.
2003 - Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.
2009 - The gamma ray burst GRB 090423 it's observed for 10 seconds as the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.
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