Famous Events on this Day in History, April 16:1178 BC - A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
73 - Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
556 - Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1071 - Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
1346 - King Stefanus IX of Serbia proclaims himself czar of Greece
1346 - The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the Balkans.
1395 - Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
1509 - French army under Louis XII enters Alps
1521 - Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms
1582 - Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
1632 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme commander
1705 - Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College
1724 - 1st Easter observed (OS=Apr 9)
1746 - Battle at Culloden: Troops of "James VIII & III" defeat Charles Stuart
1777 - Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys rout Brits
1780 - The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
1787 - 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC
1789 - George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
1799 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
1818 - Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
1849 - Opera "Il Profeta," premieres in Paris
1853 - The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
1854 - Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa," premieres
1854 - San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
1854 - Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
1858 - The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
1861 - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states
1862 - Pres Davis approves conscription act for white males between 18-35
1862 - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
1862 - US Confederate Congress calls up all white males (18-35 years)
1865 - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
1866 - Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
1866 - Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
1868 - Louisiana voters approve new constitution
1869 - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
1870 - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
1871 - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
1874 - Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
1881 - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
1883 - Paul Kruger chosen president of Transvaal
1888 - Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
1900 - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
1908 - Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)
1912 - Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel
1912 - Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
1917 - Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution
1921 - Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
1922 - Annie Oakley sets record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row
1922 - Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, a women's record
1922 - German-Russia treaty signed in Italy, Soviet Union recognized
1924 - 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
1924 - Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
1925 - During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
1926 - Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
1929 - Cleve Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
1929 - NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers
1935 - 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
1935 - Babe Ruth's 1st NL game, for Boston Braves, included a HR
1938 - Great-Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
1939 - Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact
1939 - Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
1940 - 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)
1940 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
1940 - Heitor Villa-Lobos' opera "Izaht," premieres in Rio de Janeiro
1941 - Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
1942 - Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
1942 - King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta
1943 - 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed)
1943 - Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
1945 - German troops in Groningen surrender
1945 - Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
1945 - US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II
1945 - US troops land on He Shima Okinawa
1946 - 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt
1946 - NSB mayor of Rotterdam Neth, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail
1947 - -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
1947 - Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
1947 - Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
1948 - Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
1949 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
1951 - British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
1952 - "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances
1953 - British royal yacht Britannica taken out of service
1953 - Jackie Pung wins LPGA Palm Springs Golf Open
1953 - Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
1953 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1953 - WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
1956 - 1st solar powered radios go on sale
1957 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - 22nd Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 284
1958 - French govt of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
1959 - "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 44 perfs
1959 - Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
1959 - NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
1959 - Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
1961 - 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1961 - Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
1962 - Brazil nationalizes US businesses
1962 - Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News
1964 - 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain's 1963 "Great Train Robbery"
1964 - Geraldine Mock of US is 1st woman to fly solo round the world
1965 - Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket
1966 - Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
1967 - "Walking Happy" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 161 perfs
1967 - Yankees beat Boston 7-6 in 18 innings
1970 - 70 die in a snow crush (France)
1972 - "That's Entertainment" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 4 perfs
1972 - 1st Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Jane Blalock
1972 - 2 giants pandas arrive in US, from China
1972 - Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)
1972 - Chicago Cub Burt Hooton no-hits Phillies, 1-0
1972 - China sends 2 giant pandas to US
1974 - "Words & Music" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 127 performances
1974 - 200,000 attend rock concert Calif Jam I in Ontario Calif
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
1977 - Alex Haley finds his Roots in Juffure, Gambia
1978 - "History of the American Film" closes at ANTA NYC after 21 perfs
1978 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
1978 - St Louis Card Bob Forsch no-hits Phillies, 5-0
1979 - 15th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks & Mets tie 1-1
1979 - 83rd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:09:27
1979 - 8th Boston Women's Marathon won by Joan Benoit Samuelson in 2:35:15
1979 - Failed Palestinian attack on Zaventem Airport in Belgium
1979 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sam Shepard for "Buried child"
1980 - Arthur Ashe retires from professional tennis
1980 - Delhi beat Bombay by 240 runs to win Ranji Trophy final
1980 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 - "Copperfield" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 13 performances
1981 - Columbia space shuttle returns [04/24]
1982 - Queen Elizabeth proclaims Canada's new constitution
1983 - Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games
1984 - 13th Boston Women's Marathon won by Lorraine Moller of NZ in 2:29:28
1984 - 88th Boston Marathon won by Geoff Smith of Great Britain in 2:10:34
1984 - Oakland A Dave Kingman hits 3 HRs including a grand slam
1984 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Mary Oliver for "American Primitive"
1985 - "Grind" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 79 performances
1985 - Caps 1-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals-Isle win series 3-2
1986 - To dispel rumors he's dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV
1986 - West Indies complete 5-0 demolition of England
1987 - August Wilson's "Fences" wins 1987 Pulitzer Prize for drama
1987 - FCC imposes a broader definition of indecency over airwaves
1987 - Howard Stern & Infinity Broadcasting are warned by FCC
1987 - Michael Jordon, becomes 2nd NBA to score 3000 points in a season
1987 - Peter Taylor's "Summons to Memphis" wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction
1987 - Pulitzer prize awarded to August Wilson for "Fences"
1987 - British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates' Court in London charged with gross indecency.
1989 - 1st Seniors Golf Tradition: Don Bies wins
1989 - Berendrechtsluis opens in Antwerp, biggest flood lock in world
1989 - Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup
1989 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA AI Star/Centinela Hospital Golf Classic
1989 - Zeleka Metaferia wins 3rd World Cup marathon (2:10:28)
1990 - "Piano Lesson" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 320 performances
1990 - 19th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:25:23
1990 - 94th Boston Marathon won by Gelindo Bordin of Italy in 2:08:19
1990 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week
1990 - Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977
1991 - M Leander & E Seago's musical "Matador," premieres in London
1991 - St Louis Blues becomes 8th NHL team in Play-off to come back from a 3-1 deficit as they beat the Detroit Red Wings 3-2 in game 7
1992 - "Metro" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 13 performances
1992 - 1st concrete is poured at new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field)
1992 - Afghanistan president Najibullah resigns
1992 - NY Rangers win team record 50th game
1992 - The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.
1993 - Jury reaches guilty verdict in Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict is not read until April 17th
1994 - Circus performers Marissa Young (24) & Matt Richardson (21) wed
1994 - Singer Harry Connick Jr (26) weds model Jill Goodare (30)
1995 - 56th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Ray Floyd wins
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Minneapolis/St Paul on WRQC 100.3 FM
2003 - The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union.
2004 - The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Trans-Atlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.
2007 - Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.
2008 - Start of Papal Journey of Pope Benedict XVI to the United States