Famous Events on this Day in History, April 11:491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.
672 - Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1079 - Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Boleslaw II of Poland.
1471 - King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI
1512 - Battle at Ravenna: France under Gaston de Foix beat Spanish Army
1551 - English premier John Dudley appointed duke of Northumberland
1564 - England & France sign Peace of Troyes
1564 - Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns
1567 - Dutch prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda
1579 - Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
1580 - Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht
1677 - Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III
1689 - William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain
1713 - Peace of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain - English, Prussian, Savoois, Portuguese & French peace treaty
1775 - The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
1801 - Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans," premieres in Leipzig
1814 - 1st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
1828 - Foundation of Bahia Blanca.
1830 - Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini
1848 - Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
1856 - Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats Wm Walker's invading Nicaraguans
1862 - Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
1863 - Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
1865 - Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
1865 - Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
1868 - The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1876 - Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes
1876 - Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
1881 - River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
1881 - Spelman College founded
1888 - The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
1890 - Ellis Island designated as an immigration station
1891 - 8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
1895 - Anaheim completes it's new electric light system
1898 - President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
1899 - Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
1900 - US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
1902 - Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa
1906 - Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity
1907 - NY Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes 1st catcher to wear shin guards
1912 - Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
1914 - George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," premieres
1917 - Babe Ruth beats NY Yanks, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox
1919 - The International Labour Organization is founded.
1921 - Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax
1921 - KDKA broadcast 1st radio sporting event, a boxing match (Ray-Dundee)
1921 - Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
1921 - First sports broadcast on the radio takes place.
1921 - The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
1924 - 1st men's college swimming championships begin
1924 - Socialists win Denmark's parliamentary elections
1924 - WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
1925 - Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco
1926 - Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
1927 - Chilean gen Carlos Ibáñez names himself president
1929 - KLO-AM in Ogden UT begins radio transmissions
1929 - Loetafoon celluloid film system demonstrated in Amsterdam
1933 - Hermann Goering becomes premier of Prussia
1936 - Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "On Your Toes," premieres in NYC
1936 - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
1939 - Hungary leaves League of Nations
1941 - Germany blitzes Conventry, England
1941 - Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
1941 - Nazi occupiers in Neth confiscate Jewish assets
1942 - Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized
1943 - Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
1944 - RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
1945 - Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
1945 - SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
1945 - US captures Tsugen Shima
1945 - US soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald"
1945 - US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
1947 - Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in modern major-league baseball
1948 - 12th Golf Masters Championship: Claude Harmon wins, shooting a 279
1950 - Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco
1950 - US B-29 bomber shot down above Latvia
1951 - Pres Truman fires Gen Douglas McArthur
1952 - The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
1953 - Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
1954 - Marlene Bauer wins LPGA New Orleans Golf Open
1955 - Sobers starts run of 85 Test Cricket appearances for WI uninterrupted
1955 - The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
1956 - French govt decides to sends 200,000 reservists to Algeria
1956 - Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites
1957 - Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires
1957 - Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically
1957 - Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
1958 - Brooks Hall in Civic Center dedicated (SF)
1959 - "Jamaica" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 558 performances
1959 - Dodger pitcher Don Drysdale hits his 2nd Opening Day HR
1959 - Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory
1960 - 1st weather satellite launched (Tiros 1)
1961 - Bob Dylan makes his 1st appearance at Folk City, Greenwich Village
1961 - 15th NBA Championship: Bos Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 1
1961 - Adolf Eichmann trial begins in Israel
1961 - Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns
1961 - Israel begins Adolf Eichmann WW II crimes trial
1962 - New York Mets make a losing debut
1963 - John XXIII encyclical On peace in truth, justice, charity & liberty
1963 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Warren Spahn beats Mets 6-1 for his 328th win (most by a lefty)
1964 - "Anyone Can Whistle" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 9 perfs
1965 - 29th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 271
1965 - 40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000
1966 - 30th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 288
1966 - Emmett Ashford becomes 1st black major league umpire
1967 - "Illya Darling" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 320 perfs
1967 - Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress & reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr
1967 - Tom Stoppard's "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead," premieres
1968 - Polish Marshal Spychalski succeeds Ochab as president
1968 - Pres Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act
1968 - W Berlin student Rudi Dutschke seriously wounded at demonstration
1968 - WHED TV channel 15 in Hanover, NH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - South African president Frederik de Klerk marries Marike Willemse
1970 - Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days
1970 - Beatles' "Let It Be," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
1970 - SF beats Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in 1st place in 1970
1971 - "Johnny Johnson" opens/closes at Edison Theater NYC for 1 performance
1971 - 35th Golf Masters Championship: Charles Coody wins, shooting a 279
1971 - WBFF TV channel 45 in Baltimore, MD (IND) begins broadcasting
1972 - Benjamin L Hooks, named to FCC
1972 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1974 - WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested
1975 - Hank Aaron returns as a Milwaukee player (Brewer)
1975 - JP Parise 11 sec OT goal-Isles 1st playoff advance eliminates Rangers
1976 - 40th Golf Masters Championship: Ray Floyd wins, shooting a 271
1976 - The Apple I is created.
1977 - Ireland sets fishing zone at 50 mile
1979 - Ugandan dictator Idi Amin overthrown; Tanzania takes Kampala
1980 - Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulates sexual harassment
1980 - Paul McCartney releases "Coming Up"
1981 - Larry Holmes beats Trevor Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1981 - Race riot in London area of Brixton
1981 - Ronald Reagan arrives home from hospital after Hinkley shot him
1981 - Valerie Bertinelli marries Eddie Van Halen
1982 - 46th Golf Masters Championship: Craig Stadler wins, shooting a 284
1982 - Penguins 5-Isles 2-Preliminary-Series tied at 2-2
1983 - 3rd Golden Raspberry Awards: Inchon! wins
1983 - 47th Golf Masters Championship: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 280
1983 - 55th Academy Awards - "Gandhi," Ben Kingsley & Meryl Streep win
1983 - NASA launches RCA-F
1984 - Challenger astronauts complete 1st in space satellite repair
1984 - Chinese troops invade Vietnam
1984 - Gen Sec Konstantin U Chernenko named pres of Soviet Union
1984 - Soyuz T-11 returns to Earth
1984 - USSR party leader Chernenko elected president
1985 - Caps 2-Isles 1 (OT)-Patrick Div Semifinals- Caps hold 2-0 lead
1986 - A Canadain 1921 50 cent piece auctioned in NYC for $22,000
1986 - Dodge Morgan sailed solo nonstop around world in 150 days
1986 - Halley's Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 M km
1986 - KXA-AM in Seattle WA changes call letters to KRPM
1987 - Yankees score 12 runs in 7th inning vs KC Royals
1987 - Zoja Ivanova wins 2nd female World Cup marathon (2:30:39)
1988 - Royal Concert building in Amsterdam reopens
1989 - 1st playoff goal scored by a goalie, Ron Hextall of Phila
1989 - Flyers, scores short-handed into an empty net beating Caps 8-5
1990 - Angels Mark Langston & Mike Witt, no-hit Seattle, 1-0
1990 - NY Lotto pays $35 million to two winner (#s are 6-14-24-32-34-51)
1990 - NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 6-1, Rangers lead 3-1 in preliminary
1990 - Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
1991 - "Miss Saigon," opens at Broadway Theater NYC
1991 - NYC's Museum of Broadcasting becomes "Museum of Radio & Television"
1991 - Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) lands
1991 - UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration
1992 - BPAA US Open by Robert Lawrence
1992 - Country singer Lee Greenwood weds Miss Tennessee 1989 (Kimberly Payne)
1992 - Euro-Disney opens near Paris
1992 - Indians set team record for long game loss to Red Sox (19 inn - 6½ hr)
1992 - Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3
1993 - 57th Golf Masters Championship: Bernhard Langer wins, shooting a 277
1993 - Jeff Rouse swims world record 100m backstroke (51.43 sec)
1993 - Kirsan Ilumzjinov installed as president of Kalmukkie
1993 - 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs. It was Easter Sunday.
1996 - "King & I," premieres at Neil Simon Theater in NYC for 781 perform
1996 - Detroit Red Wings become 2nd NHL team to win 60 games in a season
2000 - AT&T Park in San Francisco, Minute Maid Park in Houston, and Comerica Park in Detroit open.
2001 - The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People's Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.
2002 - The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
2002 - An attempted coup d'état in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez takes place.
2006 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2007 - 2007 Algiers bombings: Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, kills 33 people and wounds a further 222 others.