Famous Events on this Day in History, April 09:

193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
475 - Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
715 - Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1241 - Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
1388 - Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
1413 - Henry V is crowned King of England.
1440 - Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
1454 - Milan/Venice signs peace of Lodi
1474 - Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon/Italians
1483 - Edward I (12) succeeds Edward IV as king of England
1538 - Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
1555 - Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
1609 - Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
1621 - Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
1667 - 1st public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris)
1682 - Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
1691 - French troops occupy Mons
1724 - 1st Easter [NS=April 16]
1783 - Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India
1808 - Mayor Wolters offers French king Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
1814 - Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance
1816 - African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila)
1829 - Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
1831 - Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain & Spain
1833 - 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
1838 - National Galley opens in London
1864 - Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
1865 - Federals capture Ft Blakely, Alabama
1865 - Robert E Lee & 26,765 troops, surrender to US Grant at Appomattox
1866 - Civil Rights Bill passes over Pres Andrew Johnson's veto
1869 - Hudson Bay Company cedes it's territory to Canada
1870 - American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
1872 - Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
1878 - 1st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
1894 - 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
1906 - 3½th modern Olympic games opens in Athens (4/22 NS)
1909 - The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.
1912 - 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
1912 - Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY
1913 - Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
1914 - "World, the Flesh & the Devil," 1st color film, shown in London
1914 - 1st full color film shown "World, Flesh & Devil" (London)
1914 - Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
1917 - Battle of Arras begins
1917 - Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
1918 - Latvia proclaims independence
1923 - Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman," premieres in Dublin
1925 - Babe Ruth rushed to hospital
1927 - Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences
1928 - Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed," premieres in Pasadena
1928 - Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"
1928 - Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
1928 - Turkey passes separation of church & state
1931 - Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
1932 - Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep NY Rangers in 3 games
1935 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Maroons sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 3 games
1939 - Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial
1940 - German cruiser Blucher torpedoed/capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
1940 - Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)
1941 - PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
1942 - Battle of Bataan-US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan
1944 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
1945 - Battleship Admiral Scheer sinks British aircraft carrier
1945 - Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
1945 - NFL requires players to wear long stockings
1945 - World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.
1946 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1947 - Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
1947 - Baseball suspends Bkln Dodger Leo Durocher for 1 year
1947 - Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
1948 - Massacre at Deir Yassin.
1949 - UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
1950 - 14th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 283
1950 - 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win
1950 - Bob Hope's 1st TV appearance
1952 - Popular uprising in Bolivia
1952 - Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
1953 - "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
1953 - Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to 7 years in Kenya
1953 - Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
1954 - WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1957 - Howard Hanson's "Song of Democracy," premieres in Wash DC
1957 - Suez Canal cleared for all shipping
1959 - Balt Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Wash Senators)
1959 - Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot
1959 - NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
1959 - 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minn Lakers in 4 games Boston Celtics wins 8th straight title
1960 - 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
1960 - South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle
1962 - 26th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 280
1962 - 34th Academy Awards - "West Side Story," Sophia Loren & Max Schell win
1962 - JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium
1963 - Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen (posthumously)
1965 - Beatles "Ticket to Ride" is released in UK
1965 - India & Pakistan engage in border fight
1965 - 1st game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2-1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits 1st indoor homerun
1966 - Anaheim Stadium for Calif Angels opens
1966 - Sophia Loren marries married Carlo Ponti in Paris
1967 - "At the Drop of Another Hat" closes at Booth NYC after 105 perfs
1967 - 1st Boeing 737 rolls out
1967 - 31st Golf Masters Championship: Gay Brewer Jr wins, shooting a 280
1967 - Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide's transmitter burns down
1967 - The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
1968 - German DR adopts constitution
1968 - Martin Luther King Jr, buried in Atlanta
1968 - Minn's Wayne Connelly is 1st to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot
1968 - Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
1969 - 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)
1969 - Chic Cub Billy Williams hits 4 consecutive doubles beat Phillies 11-3
1970 - Paul McCartney announces official split of Beatles
1971 - Ringo releases "It Don't Come Easy" in UK
1972 - "Sugar" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 506 performances
1972 - 36th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286
1972 - Glenn Turner (259) & Terry Jarvis make 387 opening cricket stand v WI
1972 - USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
1973 - 37th Golf Masters Championship: Tommy Aaron wins, shooting a 283
1973 - Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
1973 - Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme
1974 - Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans "Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I've never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life"
1976 - US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use
1977 - Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
1978 - 42nd Golf Masters Championship: Gary Player wins, shooting a 277
1978 - Brewers sweep Orioles 11-3, 16-3, & 13-5 (each with a grand slam)
1978 - David Thompson scores ties 3rd highest total in the NBA - 73
1978 - Denver's David Thompson scores 73 points & San Antonio's George Gervin scores 63 points in separate NBA games (33 in 1 quarter)
1979 - 51st Academy Awards - "Deer Hunter," Jon Voight & Jane Fonda win
1979 - Longest doubles ping-pong match of 101 hrs, begins
1980 - Belgium's Marten's govt resigns
1980 - Kings tie NHL rec with 2 shorthanded playoff goals in a pd vs Isles
1980 - Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6
1981 - LA Dodgers Fernando Valenzuela's 1st start, beats Astros 2-0
1981 - US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
1982 - LA Lakers block 21 Denver shots setting NBA regulation game record
1983 - 6th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 1 returns to Earth
1983 - Caps 2-Isles 6 -Patrick Semis-Denis Potvin fails on penalty shot
1984 - 56th Academy Awards - "Terms of Endearment," R Duvall & S Maclaine win
1985 - White Sox pitcher Tom Seaver starts a record 15th opening day game
1986 - "Dallas" announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character
1987 - For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Stanley Cup game Wayne Gretzky passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Umeda-Koma Theatre, Osaka
1988 - Devils 3-0 over Islanders-Devils lead 2-1 in 1st round
1988 - US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
1989 - 53rd Golf Masters Championship: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 283
1989 - Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car
1989 - Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Red Robin Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic
1989 - Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY's 4-3 loss to Clev
1989 - Scott Hoch chokes on 18 inch putt & loses Masters golf tournament
1989 - Wash DC march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
1990 - "Capital News" starring Lloyd Bridges premieres on ABC-TV
1990 - Don Mattingly signs a $19.7 million 5-year contract with Yankees
1990 - NY Islanders beat NY Rangers 4-3 in double overtime-Rangers lead 2-1
1990 - World's largest bunny hop at Radio City Music Hall (NYC)
1991 - Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR
1992 - "Redwood Curtain" opens at Neiderlander theater on Broadway
1992 - Florida drops rape charges against NY Mets Gooden, Boston & Coleman
1992 - John Majors, (C) elected PM of England
1992 - Noriega convicted on 8 of 10 drug & racketeering charges
1992 - Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)
1992 - US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drugs
1992 - William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
1993 - Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos
1994 - BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
1994 - STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
1994 - Singer Wayne Newton (52) weds attorney Kathleen McCrone (30)
1995 - "Translations" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 25 performances
1995 - 59th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Crenshaw wins, shooting a 274
1997 - Cleve Indians closer Jose Mesa found guilty of rape
1997 - Major League Soccer announces Miami & Chicago expansion
1997 - NFL announces it will give $3M to CFL & possible "World Classic Bowl"
1999 - Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated.
2000 - 64th Golf Masters Championship:
2002 - The funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey.
2003 - Baghdad falls to U.S. forces resulting in widespread looting
2005 - His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles.
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